Hittites - ethnically Indo European, were an ancient Anatolian people who established an empire at Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Suppiluliuma I, After c. 1180 BC, the empire came to an end during the Bronze Age collapse, splintering into several independent "Neo-Hittite" city-states, some of which survived until the 8th century BC.
The Hittite language was a member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family. They referred to their native land as Hatti, and to their language as Nešili (the language of Neša). The conventional name "Hittites" is due to their initial identification with the Biblical Hittites in 19th century archaeology.
term "Hittites" Hebrew
Bible, translating חתי Hati - Hattusa, or בני-חת BNY-HT "Children of Heth" (Heth
is a son of Kenaan). The archaeologists who discovered the Anatolian
Hittites in the 19th century CE initially
identified them with these Biblical Hittites. Today the identification
of the Biblical peoples with either the Hattusa-based empire or the
Neo-Hittite kingdoms is a matter of dispute.
The history of the Hittite civilization is known mostly from cuneiform texts found in the area of their kingdom, and from diplomatic and commercial correspondence found in various archives in Egypt and the Middle East.
The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara, Turkey houses the richest collection of Hittite and Anatolian artifacts.
The bitter Battle of Hittites and Eyptians in the valley of Kadesh
Hittites Writing and Also use of Cuniform
Cave of Machpelah transaction Patriach burial
(Beresheet 23:10 )
Now Ephron dwelt among the sons of Heth; and Ephron the Hittite answered Avraham in the presence of the sons of Heth, all who entered at the gate of his city, saying,
(Beresheet 25:9 )
And his sons Yitzchak and Yishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite,
(Beresheet 26:34 )
When Esav was forty years old, he took as wives . The two wives were a grief of mind unto Yitzchak and Rivkah as written in Beresheet 26:35. They were such a grief that in Beersheet 27:46 Rivkah said, “I loathe my life because of the Hittite women.” She was so disgusted with them that she didn’t want Yaakov to follow his older brother, Esav, and marry one of them.
Judith יהודית the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and
Basemath (בָּשְׂמַת) (Arabic: بسمة; "Sweet-smile") the daughter of Elon the Hittite.
(Beresheet 36:2 )
Esav took his wives from the daughters of Kenaan:
Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite;
Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Ziveon the Hivite;
(Beresheet 49:29 )
Then he charged them and said to them: "I am to be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite,
(Beresheet 49:30 )
in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre in the land of Kenaan, which Avraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite as a possession for a burial place.
(Beresheet 50:13 )
For his sons carried him to the land of Kenaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, before Mamre, which Avraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite as property for a burial place.
Uriah the Hittite (Hebrew: אוּרִיָּה הַחִתִּֽי) his name in Hebrew means "EL is my light". In addition, his status as an officer in the army and as one of David's "mighty men" would indicate acceptance within the ethnic community. was a soldier in King David’s army mentioned in the Second Sefer Shemuel. He was the husband of Bathsheba, and was murdered by order of David by having the soldiers retreat from him in battle.
The Talmud states two opinions as to who Uriah was. 1) He was a convert to Judaism. 2) He lived amongst Hittites and so is known as a Hittite despite his being born Jewish. (Kiddushin 76b) Either way, he was not actually part of the Hittite nation since he would have been forbidden to marry Bathsheva had he been a Goy.
(2 Shemuel 11:3 )
So David sent and inquired about the woman. And someone said, "Is this not Bathsheva, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?"
(2 Shemuel 11:6 )
Then David sent to Yoav, saying, "Send me Uriah the Hittite." And Yoav sent Uriah to David.
(2 Shemuel 11:17 )
Then the men of the city came out and fought with Yoav. And some of the people of the servants of David fell; and Uriah the Hittite died also.
(2 Shemuel 11:21 )
Who struck Avimelekh Ben Yeruveshet? Was it not a woman who cast a piece of a millstone on him from the wall, so that he died in Thebez? Why did you go near the wall?'hen you shall say, 'Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.' "
(2 Shemuel 11:24 )
The archers shot from the wall at your servants; and some of the king's servants are dead, and your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also."
(2 Shemuel 12:9 )
Why have you despised the commandment of ADONAI, to do evil in His sight? You have killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword; you have taken his wife to be your wife, and have killed him with the sword of the people of Ammon.
(2 Shemuel 12:10 )
Now therefore, the sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised Me, and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.'
(2 Shemuel 23:39 )
and Uriah the Hittite: thirty-seven in all.
(1 Kings 15:5 )
because David did what was right in the eyes of ADONAI, and had not turned aside from anything that He commanded him all the days of his life, except in the matter of Uriah the Hittite.
(1 Chronicles 11:41 )
Uriah the Hittite, Zabad Ben Ahlai,
(Ezekiel 16:3 )
and say, 'Thus says ADONAI Elohim to Yerushalayim: "Your birth and your nativity are from the land of Kenaan; your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite.
(Ezekiel 16:45 )
You are your mother's daughter, loathing husband and children; and you are the sister of your sisters, who loathed their husbands and children; your mother was a Hittite and your father an Amorite.