Ketuvim Netzarim / Apostolic

Epistles 2nd Timotheos Chapter 3

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The Apostasy being predicted

Difficult times will come

3:1 This know also, that in the acharit hayamim (last days) difficult times shall come.

3:2 For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, not set apart, (Luke 16:14; Roman 1:30)

3:3 Without natural affection, agreement-breakers, malicious gossips, lack of self-control, fierce, haters of those that are Tov,

3:4 Betrayer, reckless, conceited, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of Elohim;

3:5 Having a form of set apartness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.

3:6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,

3:7 Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.

3:8 Just as Jannes and Jambres opposed Mosheh, so these men also oppose the truth, men corrupted in mind and disqualified regarding the faith. [Shemot 7:11; of Mashiach Yd 1:3]

3:9 But they will not get very far, for their folly will be plain to all, as was that of those two men.

3:10 But you have carefully followed my teaching, manner of life, purpose, emunah, longsuffering, ahavah, patience,

3:11 Persecutions, afflictions, which came to me at Antiocheia, at Ikonion, at Lustra; what persecutions I endured: but out of [them] all the Adonay delivered me.

3:12 Yes, and all who desire to live set apart in Mashiach Yeshua (ישוע) will suffer persecution.

3:13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.

3:14 But you must continue in the things which you have learned and been assured of, knowing from whom you have learned them,

3:15 And that from a child you have known the Kitvei HaKodesh, which are able to make you wise to yeshuah through emunah which is in Mashiach Yeshua (ישוע).

3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of Elohim (Theopneustos), and is profitable for teaching (didaskalia), for reproof (elegchos), for correction (epanorthosis), for instruction (paideia) in Tzedek:

3:17 That the man of Elohim may be perfect, throughly furnished to all good works.


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Scripture = graphe the Set Apart Scripture is indicated when the written Torah or Chukim is referred to. Paulos in Romasios1:2 refers to the Scriptures as graphaís hagíais, Set Apart.

 Paulos quote from ORAL LAW QUOTES

Jannes and Jambres (יַנִּיס וְיַמְבְּרִיס)  Who are these two name men? in the scripture, opponents of Moshe. In the Targum Ben Yonatan ( תרגום יונתן בן עוזיאל), on Ex. vii. 11, the names are given as ינים וימברים, Janis and Jamberes; but in the Talmud as יחנא וממרא, Jochana and Mamre.

These two legendary Egyptian sorcerers whose names appear in various sources as the adversaries of *Mosheh. Jewish tradition seems to identify them with the sorcerers mentioned in Exodus 7:11ff. (cf. Targum. Jon., ibid.). They are also mentioned as the sons of Balaam (Targ. Jon., Num. 22:22; Yal., Ex. 168, 176) and as having played a part in the incident of the *golden calf after joining the mixed multitude that accompanied Israel in the exodus from Egypt (Tanḥ., Ki Tissa, 19). The sources of the legends surrounding the activities of Jannes and Jambres go back at least to the time of the Second Temple.

Targum text Exodus 7:11

And Mosheh and Aharon went in unto Pharoh, and did as the Lord had commanded. And Aharon threw down the rod before the sight of Pharoh, and before the sight of his servants, and it became a basilisk. But Pharoh called the hachems and magicians; and they also, Janis and Jamberes, magicians of Mizraim, did the same by their burnings of divination.

Numbers 22:22

And Bileam, arose in the morning, and saddled his ass, and went with the princes of Moab. [JERUSALEM. And Bileam arose in the morning, and made ready his ass, and went with the princes of Moab.] But the anger of the Lord was provoked, because he would go (that he might) curse them; and the angel of the Lord stood in the way to be an adversary to him. But he sat upon his ass, and his two young men, Jannes and Jambres, were with him. And the ass discerned the angel of the Lord standing in the way with a drawn sword in his hand, and the ass turned aside out of the road, to go into the field.
http://targum.info/targumic-texts/pentateuchal-targumim/

The names “Jannes” and “Jambres”  also appear in the Talmud and Midrash 3:660-664. Editor James H. Charlesworth included a book of Jannes and Jambres, consisting of integrated manuscript fragments from the 1st to 3rd centuries, in The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, New York: Doubleday & Co., 1985.

According to one midrash, the two magicians left Mitzrayim (land of restriction) with the Yisraelites as the "mixed multitude" after the first Passover (see Exodus 12:38) and were later instrumental in promoting the worship of the golden calf that Aharon made (Exodus 32).

This was  later reiterated in Revelation 2:14 concern the spirit of Bil'am "But I have a few things against you: you have some there who hold the teaching of Bil'am, who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the sons of Yisrael, so that they might eat food sacrificed to idols and practice sexual immorality."

Another midrash identifies the “two servants” of Balaam as Jannes and Jambres (Numbers 22:22). According to the midrashim and other sources, Jannes and Jambres continued to exert a wicked influence on Yisrael until the time of Pinchas (Numbers 25). These stories are interesting, but they should not be taken as equivalent to inspired Scripture.

Apostasy - is a rebellion it is the act of professsed believers who purposefully reject the revealed truth such as the diety of Yeshua Ha Mashiach and the redemption through His atoning blood and redeeming sacrifice. It is depart from the faith.

paideia - tutorage, that is, education or training; by implication disciplinary correction: - chastening, chastisement, instruction, nurture.

1) the whole training and education of children (which relates to the cultivation of mind and morals, and employs for this purpose now commands and admonitions, now reproof and punishment) It also includes the training and care of the body

2) whatever in adults also cultivates the soul, especially by correcting mistakes and curbing passions.

2a) instruction which aims at increasing virtue

2b) chastisement, chastening, (of the evils with which Elohim visits men for their amendment)