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THE NEED TO DISCERN BETWEEN TRUTH AND ERROR (4:1-6)
4:1 Chaverim, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits whether they are from Elohim: because many false prophets have gone out into the Olam Hazeh.
4:2 By this the Ruach of Elohim is known: Every spirit that confesses that Yehoshua (יהושע) ha Mashiach has come in the flesh is of Elohim:
4:3 and every spirit which does not confess that Yehoshua (יהושע) haMashiach has come in the flesh is not of Elohim: And this is that spirit of anti-Mashiach, which you have heard that it is coming and now is already in the Olam Hazeh.
4:4 You are of Elohim, little children, and have overcome them: because He who is in you is greater than he who is in the Olam Hazeh.
4:5 They are of the world: on account of this they speak of the Olam Hazeh, and the Olam Hazeh hears them. Elohim
4:6 We are from Elohim. Whoever knows Elohim listens to us; whoever is not from Elohim does not listen to us. By this we know the Ruach Emet and the spirit of tatu'im (error, delusion)
Knowing Elohim through ahavah 7-11
4:7 Chaverim, let us love (agapao) one another: because love (agape) is of Elohim; and everyone that loves (agapao) has been born of Elohim, and knows Elohim.
4:8 He that does not love (agapao) does not know Elohim; because Elohim is love (agape).
4:9 In this is revealed the love (agape) of Elohim in us, because that Elohim sent His BEN Yechid into the Olam Hazeh, that we may live through Him.
4:10 In this is love, not that we loved Elohim, but He loved us, and sent His BEN as a kapparah (propitiation; atonement 挽回祭) for chattoteinu (our sins).
4:11 Chaverim, if Elohim so loved us, we ought also to love one another.
Seeing Elohim through Ahavah 12-16
4:12 No man has seen Elohim at any time. If we love one another, Elohim dwells in us, and His love is perfected in us.
4:13 Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because He has given us of His Ruach.
4:14 And we have seen and do testify that Ha AVI sent the SON to be ha Moshia haOlam.
4:15 Whoever confesses that Yehoshua (יהושע) is BEN Elohim, Elohim dwells in him, and he in Elohim.
4:16 And we have come to know and believe the love that Elohim has in us. Elohim is love; and he that abides in love abides in Elohim, and Elohim dwells in him.
The consummation of ahavah 17-19
4:17 By this love has been perfected with us: that we may have confidence in Yom haDin (day of judgment) because just as He is, we also are in this Olam Hazeh.
4:18 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves punishment. But he that fears has not been made perfect in love.
4:19 We love him, because He first loved us.
Obedience of Emunah 20-21
4:20 If anyone claims, "I love Elohim," and hates his brother, he is a liar; for he who does not love his brother whom he has seen, how is it possible for him to love Elohim whom he has not seen?
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"Propitiation 挽回祭 means the turning away of wrath by an offering. In relation to soteriology, propitiation means placating or satisfying the wrath of Elohim by the atoning sacrifice of Messiah."
How Mashiach's propitiation applies to the "sin of the whole mankind"
Yochanan Alef 5:12 "whoever does not have BEN ELOHIM does not have life"