Torah Mosheh 4: Bamidbar / Numbers Chapter 3

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The Number and duties chapter 3 and chapter 4

3:1(iv) Consecrate the Inner Circle

These also [are] the toledah of Aharon and Mosheh in the day [that] YEHOVAH (יהוה) spoke with Mosheh in Mount Sinai.

3:2 Veele shemot benei-Aharon habekhor Nadav va Avihu Elazar ve Itamar:

And these [are] the names of the sons Aharon; Nadav the firstborn, and Avihu, Elazar, and Itamar.

3:3 These [are] the names benai Aharon, hakohenim which were anointed, whom he consecrated to minister in the kohen's office.

3:4 And Nadav and Avihu died before YEHOVAH (יהוה), when they offered strange fire before YEHOVAH (יהוה), in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children: and Elazar and Itamar ministered in the kohen's office in the sight of Aharon their father.

3:5 And YEHOVAH (יהוה) spoke to Mosheh, saying:

3:6 Bring the tribe of Levi near, and present them before Aharon the kohen, that they may minister to him.

3:7 And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the Ohel Mo'ed, to do the service of the Mishkan .

3:8 And they shall keep all the instruments of the Ohel Mo'ed, and the charge of Benai Yisrael, to do the service of the Mishkan.

3:9 And you shall give the Leviim to Aharon and to his sons: they [are] wholly given to him out of Benai Yisrael.

3:10 And you shall appoint Aharon and his sons, and they shall wait on their kohen's office: and the stranger that comes nigh shall be put to death.

3:11 And YEHOVAH (יהוה) spoke to Mosheh, saying,

3:12 And I, behold, I have taken the Leviim from among Benai Yisrael instead of all the bachor that openeth the matrix among Benai Yisrael: therefore the Leviim shall be mine;

3:13 Because all the bachor [are] mine; [for] on the day that I smote all the bachor in the Eretz Mitzrayim I hallowed to me all the bachor in Yisrael, both man and beast: mine shall they be: ANI YEHOVAH (יהוה).

3:14(v) Now, Count the Levites

And YEHOVAH (יהוה) spoke to Mosheh in the wilderness of Sinai, saying:

3:15 Number Benai Levi after the house their avot, by their mishpekhot (families): every male from a month old and upward shall you number them.

3:16 And Mosheh numbered them according to the dvar YEHOVAH (יהוה), as he was commanded.

3:17 And these were the sons Levi by their names; Gershon, and Kohat, and M'rari.

3:18 And these [are] the shemot of the sons Gershon by their mishpekhot (families); Libni, and Shimei.

3:19 And the sons Kohat by their mishpekhot (families); Amram, and Izehar, Hevron, and Uzzi'el.

3:20 And the sons M'rari by their mishpekhot (families); Mahli, and Mushi. These [are] the mishpekhot (families) of the Leviim according to the house their avot.

3:21 Of Gershon [was] the family of the Livnites, and the family of the Shimites: these [are] the mishpekhot (families) of the Gershonites.

3:22 Those that were numbered of them, according to the number of all the males, from a month old and upward, [even] those that were numbered of them [were] seven thousand and five hundred. 7,500

3:23 The mishpekhot (families) of the Gershonites shall pitch behind the Mishkan westward.

3:24 And the chief of the house the father of the Gershonites [shall be] Eliasaf Ben La'el.

3:25 And the charge of Benai Gershon in the Ohel Mo'ed [shall be] the Mishkan , and the tent, the covering thereof, and the hanging for the door of the Ohel Mo'ed,

3:26 And the hangings of the court, and the curtain for the door of the court, which [is] by the Mishkan , and by the altar round about, and the cords of it for all the service thereof.

3:27 And of Kohat [was] the family of the Amramites, and the family of the Izeharites, and the family of the Hebronites, and the family of the Uzzielites: these [are] the mishpekhot (families) of the Kohatites.

3:28 In the number of all the males, from a month old and upward, [were] eight thousand and six hundred, keeping the charge of the sanctuary. 8,600

3:29 The mishpekhot (families) of the sons Kohat shall pitch on the side of the Mishkan southward.

3:30 And the chief of the house the father of the mishpekhot (families) of the Kohatites [shall be] Elizafan Ben Uzziel.

3:31 And their charge [shall be] the ark, and the table, and the menorah, and the altars, and the vessels of the sanctuary wherewith they minister, and the hanging, and all the service thereof.

3:32 And Elazar Ben Aharon hakohen [shall be] chief over the chief of the Leviim, [and have] the oversight of them that keep the charge of the sanctuary.

3:33 Of M'rari [was] the family of the Mahlites, and the family of the Mushites: these [are] the mishpekhot (families) of M'rari.

3:34 And those that were numbered of them, according to the number of all the males, from a month old and upward, [were] six thousand and two hundred.

3:35 And the chief of the house the father of the mishpekhot (families) of M'rari [was] Zuriel Ben Avihail: [these] shall pitch on the side of the Mishkan northward.

3:36 And [under] the custody and charge of the sons M'rari [shall be] the boards of the Mishkan , and the bars thereof, and the pillars thereof, and the sockets thereof, and all the vessels thereof, and all that serveth thereto,

3:37 And the pillars of the court round about, and their sockets, and their pins, and their cords.

3:38 But those that encamp before the Mishkan toward the east, [even] before the Ohel Mo'ed eastward, [shall be] Mosheh, and Aharon and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary for the charge of Benai Yisrael; and the stranger that comes nigh shall be put to death.

3:39 All that were numbered of the Leviim, which Mosheh and Aharon numbered at the commandment of YEHOVAH (יהוה), throughout their mishpekhot (families), all the males from a month old and upward, [were] twenty and two thousand. 22,000

3:40 (vi) Levites for Firstborns

And YEHOVAH (יהוה) said to Mosheh:

Number all the bachor of the males of Benai Yisrael from a month old and upward, and take the number of their shemot.

3:41 And you shall take the Leviim for me ANI YEHOVAH (יהוה) instead of all the bachor among Benai Yisrael; and the cattle of the Leviim instead of all the firstlings among the cattle of Benai Yisrael.

3:42 And Mosheh numbered, as YEHOVAH (יהוה) commanded him, all the bachor among Benai Yisrael.

3:43 And all the firstborn males by the number of shemot, from a month old and upward, of those that were numbered of them, were twenty and two thousand two hundred and threescore and thirteen. 22,300

3:44 And YEHOVAH (יהוה) spoke to Mosheh, saying,

3:45 Take the Leviim instead of all the bachor among Benai Yisrael, and the cattle of the Leviim instead of their cattle; and the Leviim shall be Mine: ANI YEHOVAH (יהוה).

3:46 And for those that are to be redeemed of the two hundred and threescore and thirteen of the bachor of Benai Yisrael, which are more than the Leviim;

3:47 You shall even take five shekels apiece by the poll (gulgolet), after the shekel of the sanctuary shall you take [them]: (the shekel [is] twenty gerahs:)

3:48 And you shall give the money, wherewith the odd number of them is to be redeemed, to Aharon and to his sons.

3:49 And Mosheh took the redemption money of them that were over and above them that were redeemed by the Leviim:

3:50 Of the firstborn of Benai Yisrael took he the money; a thousand three hundred and threescore and five [shekels], after the shekel of the sanctuary:

3:51 And Mosheh gave the money of them that were redeemed to Aharon and to his sons, according to the Dvar YEHOVAH (יהוה), as YEHOVAH (יהוה) commanded Mosheh.


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Sinai  סיני= See Nai “thorny” designating Sinai, the "mountain of EL" (Shemot 3:1; Exo 4:27; Shemot 18:5; Exo 24:13)

The Tasks of the Leviim

The population the Leviim

Shevet / Tribes

 Benai / Children

Chief / Rosh Name

Census of age born at Shemot from 1 Mth upwards

Station @

Gershon

Livni ; Shimei

Eliyasaf Ben La'el

7,500

Westward

Kohat

Amran; Izehar, Hevron and Uzzi'el

Elizaphan Ben Uziel

8,600

Southward

M'rari

Mahli; Mushi

Zuriel Ben Avihail

6,200

Northward

 

Mosheh, Aharon, his sons

Eastward

additional 300 were bachor to be set aside

22,300  / 22,000