Torah Moshe 4: Bamidbar / Numbers Chapter 4

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The Number and Duties of the Leviim

4:1(vii) Raise up the Kohatites

AndADONAIH (יהוה) spoke toMosheh and to Aharon, saying:

4:2 Take the sum of Benai Kohat from among Benai Levi, after their families, by the house of their avot,

4:3 From thirty years old and upward even until fifty years old, all that enter into the host, to do the work in the Ohel Moed.

4:4 This [shall be] the service of Benai Kohat in the Ohel Moed, [about] the most kadosh things:

4:5 And when the camp setteth forward, Aharon shall come, and his sons, and they shall take down the covering parochet (veil), and cover the Aron HaEdut (Ark of the Testimony) with it:

4:6 And shall put thereon the covering of tachash' skins, and shall spread over [it] a cloth wholly of blue, and shall put in the staves thereof.

4:7 And upon the Shulchan HaPanim they shall spread a cloth of blue, and put thereon the dishes, and the spoons, and the bowls, and covers to cover kesot hanesekh (pitchers of the drink offering): and the continual lechem shall be thereon:

4:8 And they shall spread upon them a cloth of scarlet, and cover the same with a covering of tachash' skins, and shall put in the staves thereof.

4:9 And they shall take a cloth of blue, and cover the Menorat HaMa'ohr (illumination) , and his lamps, and his tongs, and his snuffdishes, and all the oil vessels thereof, wherewith they minister to it:

4:10 And they shall put it and all the vessels thereof within a covering of tachash' skins, and shall put [it] upon a bar.

4:11 And upon the Mitzbach HaZahav they shall spread a cloth of blue, and cover it with a covering of tachash' skins, and shall put to the staves thereof:

4:12 And they shall take all the instruments of ministry, wherewith they minister in the sanctuary, and put [them] in a cloth of blue, and cover them with a covering of tachash' skins, and shall put [them] on a bar:

4:13 And they shall take away the ashes from the Mitzbe'ach, and spread a purple cloth thereon:

4:14 And they shall put upon it all the vessels thereof, wherewith they minister about it, [even] the censers, the flesh-hooks, and the shovels, and the basin, all the Klei (vessels) HaMitzbe'ach; and they shall spread upon it a covering of tachash' skins, and put to the staves of it.

4:15 And when Aharon and his sons have made an end of covering the sanctuary, and all the vessels of the sanctuary, as the camp is to set forward; after that, Benai Kohat shall come to bear [it]: but they shall not touch [any] kadosh thing, lest they die. These [things are] the burden of Benai Kohat in the Ohel Moed.

4:16 And to the office of Elazar Ben Aharon the kohen [pertaineth] the oil for the light, and the sweet incense, and the daily Minchah, and the anointing oil, [and] the oversight of all the tabernacle, and of all that therein [is], in the sanctuary, and in the vessels thereof.

4:17 (Maftir) Limits of the Inner Circle

And ADONAI (יהוה) spoke to Moshe and to Aharon, saying,

4:18 Cut you not off the tribe of the families of the Kohatites from among the Leviim:

4:19 But thus do to them, that they may live, and not die, when they approach to the most kadosh things: Aharon and his sons shall go in, and appoint them every one to his service and to his burden:

4:20 But they shall not go in to see when the kadosh things are covered, lest they die.

Haftarah Bamidbar: Hoshea 2:1(1:10)-2:22(20)

Brit Hadashah: Loukas 2:1-7; Korintos Alef 12:12-31; Romaios 9:33

Parashah 35: Naso (Take) 4:21-7:89

4:21(i) Raise up to Serve

And ADONAI (יהוה) spoke toMosheh, saying:

4:22 Take also the sum of Benai Gershon, throughout the houses of their avot, by their families;

30-50 years old

4:23 From thirty years old and upward until fifty years old shall you number them; all that enter in to perform the service, to do the work in the Ohel Moed.

4:24 This [is] the service of the families of the Gershonites, to serve, and for burdens:

4:25 And they shall bear the curtains of the tabernacle, and the Ohel Moed, his covering, and the covering of the tachash' skins that [is] above upon it, and the hanging for the door of the Ohel Moed,

4:26 And the hangings of the court, and the hanging for the door of the gate of the court, which [is] by the tabernacle and by the Mitzbe'ach round about, and their cords, and all the instruments of their service, and all that is made for them: so shall they serve.

4:27 At the appointment of Aharon and his sons shall be all the service of Benai the Gershonites, in all their burdens, and in all their service: and you shall appoint to them in charge all their burdens.

4:28 This [is] the service of the families of Benai Gershon in the Ohel Moed: and their charge [shall be] under the hand of Itamar Ben Aharon hakohen.

4:29 As for Benai Merari, you shall number them after their families, by the house of their avot;

4:30 From thirty years old and upward even to fifty years old shall you number them, every one that enters into the service, to do the work of the Ohel Moed.

4:31 And this [is] the charge of their burden, according to all their service in the Ohel Moed; the boards of the tabernacle, and the bars thereof, and the pillars thereof, and sockets thereof,

4:32 And the pillars of the court round about, and their sockets, and their pins, and their cords, with all their instruments, and with all their service: and by name you shall reckon the instruments of the charge of their burden.

4:33 This [is] the service of the families of Benai Merari, according to all their service, in the Ohel Moed, under the hand of Itamar Ben Aharon the kohen.

Census (heads) of the Leviim

4:34(S:ii) And Moshe and Aharon and the chief of the congregation numbered Benai the Kohatites after their families, and after the house of their avot,

4:35 From thirty years old and upward even to fifty years old, every one that enters into the service, for the work in the Ohel Moed:

4:36 And those that were numbered of them by their families were two thousand seven hundred and fifty.

4:37 These [were] they that were numbered of the families of the Kohatites, all that might do service in the Ohel Moed, which Moshe and Aharon did number according to the commandment of ADONAI (יהוה) by the hand of Moshe.

4:38(A:ii) And those that were numbered of Benai Gershon, throughout their families, and by the house of their avot,

4:39 From thirty years old and upward even to fifty years old, every one that enters into the service, for the work in the Ohel Moed,

4:40 Even those that were numbered of them, throughout their families, by the house of their avot, were two thousand and six hundred and thirty.

4:41 These [are] they that were numbered of the families of Benai Gershon, of all that might do service in the Ohel Moed, whom Moshe and Aharon did number according to the commandment of ADONAI (יהוה).

4:42 And those that were numbered of the families of Benai Merari, throughout their families, by the house of their avot,

4:43 From thirty years old and upward even to fifty years old, every one that enters into the service, for the work in the Ohel Moed,

4:44 Even those that were numbered of them after their families, were three thousand and two hundred.

4:45 These [be] those that were numbered of the families of Benai Merari, whom Moshe and Aharon numbered according to the word of ADONAI (יהוה) by the hand of Moshe.

4:46 All those that were numbered of the Leviim, whom Moshe and Aharon and the chief of Yisrael numbered, after their families, and after the house of their avot,

4:47 From thirty years old and upward even to fifty years old, every one that came to do the service of the ministry, and the service of the burden in the Ohel Moed,

4:48 Even those that were numbered of them, were eight thousand and five hundred and fourscore.

4:49 According to the commandment of ADONAI (יהוה) they were numbered by the hand of Moshe, every one according to his service, and according to his burden: thus were they numbered of him, as ADONAI (יהוה) commanded Moshe.


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Description of Nazarite

A Nazarite vow is this type of commitment. The Nazarite is required to separate totally from family, friends, and the community. He or she are to focus only on serving HaShem. To some individuals the vow lasted a lifetime, but to individuals that voluntarily took the vow the minimum length was seven days. HaShem gives us examples in both the Tanakh and in the Brit Hadashah of individuals that were committed to serve Him as Nazarites.

There are four specific examples in Scripture that personify the hardship that comes with the commitment to serve HaShem as a Nazarite. Three of these individuals were Nazarites for life. The three Nazarites for life are dedicated to the service of HaShem before they are born. The fourth individual the scriptures say was under a Nazarite vow, took the vow voluntarily. The four individuals mentioned in the scriptures who were under the Nazarite vow are Shimshon, Shemu'el, Yochanan the immerser, and Paulos (Rav Shaul). These four individuals became separated from family and friends to become totally focused on serving HaShem.

תּחשׁtachash -  a kind of leather, skin, or animal hide, badger's skin? porpoise skin? perhaps the badger or dugong, dolphin, or sheep

Shevet / Tribe

 Assignment, Charge, duties, things to do

References

Manpower

Kotanites

(30 - 50 yrs old)

1. take down the covering parochet (veil), cover the Aron HaEdut (Ark of the Testimony) with it: put thereon the covering of tachash' skins, and shall spread over [it] a cloth wholly of blue, and shall put in the staves thereof.

2. And upon the Shulchan HaPanim spread a cloth of blue, put thereon the dishes, the spoons, the bowls, covers to cover kesot hanesekh (pitchers of the drink offering): the continual lechem shall be thereon: shall spread upon them a cloth of scarlet, and cover the same with a covering of tachash' skins, and shall put in the staves thereof.

3. take a cloth of blue, and cover the Menorat HaMa'ohr (illumination) , his lamps, his tongs, his snuffdishes, and all the oil vessels thereof, put it and all the vessels thereof within a covering of tachash' skins, and shall put [it] upon a bar.

4. the Mitzbach HaZahav spread a cloth of blue, cover it with a covering of tachash' skins, put to the staves thereof: take all the instruments of ministry, wherewith they minister in the sanctuary, put [them] in a cloth of blue, cover them with a covering of tachash' skins, shall put [them] on a bar: take away the ashes from the Mitzbe'ach, and spread a purple cloth thereon: put upon it all the vessels thereof, wherewith they minister about it, [even] the censers, the flesh-hooks, the shovels, the basin, all the Klei (vessels) HaMitzbe'ach; they shall spread upon it a covering of tachash' skins, put to the staves of it. Aharon and his sons have made an end of covering the sanctuary, all the vessels of the sanctuary, as the camp is to set forward; after that, Benai Kohat shall come to bear [it]: but they shall not touch [any] kadosh thing, lest they die.

5 the office of Elazar Ben Aharon the kohen [pertaineth] the oil for the light, and the sweet incense, the daily Minchah, and the anointing oil, the oversight of all the tabernacle, of all that therein [is], in the sanctuary, and in the vessels thereof.

4 -16

2,750

Gershonites

(30 - 50 yrs old)

bear the curtains of the tabernacle, the Ohel Moed, his covering, the covering of the tachash' skins that [is] above upon it, and the hanging for the door of the Ohel Moed, the hangings of the court, and the hanging for the door of the gate of the court, which [is] by the tabernacle; by the Mitzbe'ach round about, their cords, all the instruments of their service,

22- 28

2,630

Merarites

(30 - 50 yrs old)

the boards of the tabernacle, and the bars thereof, and the pillars thereof, and sockets thereof, the pillars of the court round about, their sockets, their pins, and their cords, with all their instruments

29 -33

3,200

 

 

Total

8,580