Torah Mosheh 4 Bamidbar / Numbers Chapter 18

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The Kohenim and Leviim duties

18:1 And YEHOVAH (יהוה) said to Aharon:

You and your banim and your father's house with you shall bear the iniquity of the kodesh (sanctuary): and you and your banim with you shall bear the iniquity of your Kehunah.

18:2 Also bring with you your brethren of the tribe of Levi, the tribe of your father, that they may be joined with you and serve you while you and your sons are with you before the tabernacle of witness.

18:3 And they shall keep your charge, and the charge of all the ohel: only they shall not come nigh the vessels of the kodesh (sanctuary) and the mizbe'ach, that neither they, nor you also, die.

18:4 And they shall be joined to you, and keep the charge of the oleh Moed, for all the service of the tabernacle: and a stranger shall not come nigh to you.

18:5 And you shall attend to the duties of the kodesh (sanctuary) and the duties of the mizbe'ach, that there may be no more wrath on benai Yisrael.

18:6 And I, Hinnei, I have taken your brethren the Leviim from among the benai Yisra'el: to you [they are] given [as] a gift for YEHOVAH (יהוה), to do the service of the oleh Moed.

18:7 Therefore you and your banim with you shall guard your priesthood for all that concerns the mizbe'ach, and that is within the veil; and you shall serve. I give your priesthood as a gift, and any outsider who comes near shall be put to death."

The Kohen and Leviim's shares

18:8 And YEHOVAH (יהוה) spoke to Aharon:

"Behold, I have given you charge of the terumah (heave offerings) made to Me, all the consecrated things of the people of Yisrael. I have given them to you as a portion and to your banim as a chukkah forever.

18:9 This shall be yours of the most kadosh things reserved from the fire:

every korban (oblation供物) of theirs,

every Minchah (grain offerings, 素 祭 ) of theirs, and

every Chattat (sin offering, 贖罪 祭) of theirs, and

every Asham (trespass offering, 贖 愆 祭) of theirs,

which they shall render to Me, shall be most kadosh for you and for your banim.

18:10 In the most kadosh [place] shall you eat it; every male shall eat it: it shall be kadosh to you.

18:11 And this is yours; the terumah (heave offering) of their gift, with all the tenuphah (Wave offerings,תּנוּפה) of the benai Yisra'el: I have given them to you, and to your banim and to your banot with you, by a statute forever: every one that is clean in your house shall eat of it.

18:12 All the best of the oil, and all the best of the wine, and of the wheat, the firstfruits of them which they shall offer to YEHOVAH (יהוה), them have I given you.

18:13 [And] whatsoever is first ripe in the eretz, which they shall bring to YEHOVAH (יהוה), shall be yours; every one that is clean in your house shall eat [of] it.

18:14 Every thing devoted in Yisrael shall be yours.

18:15 "Everything that first opens the womb of all flesh, which they bring to YEHOVAH (יהוה), whether man or beast, shall be yours; nevertheless the firstborn of man you shall surely redeem, and the firstborn of unclean animals you shall redeem.

18:16 And those that are to be redeemed from a month old shall you redeem, according to thine estimation, for the money of five shekels, after the shekel of the kodesh (sanctuary), which [is] twenty gerahs.

18:17 But the firstborn of a cow, the firstborn of a sheep, or the firstborn of a goat you shall not redeem; they are set apart. You shall sprinkle their blood on the mizbe'ach, and burn their fat as an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to YEHOVAH (יהוה).

18:18 And the flesh of them shall be your, as the wave breast and as the right shoulder are your.


Kol terumot hakodashim asher yarimu venei-Yisrael laYehovah natati lekha ulevaneikha velivnoteikha itkha lekhak-olam Berit melakh olam hiv lifnei Yehovah lekha u lezar akhaitakh:

All the terumah (heave offerings) of the kadosh things, which the benai Yisrael offer to YEHOVAH (יהוה), have I given you, and your banim and your banot with you, by a statute forever: it [is] a Salt of the Covenant forever before YEHOVAH (יהוה) to you and to your seed with you.

18:20 And YEHOVAH (יהוה) spoke to Aharon:

You shall have no inheritance in their eretz, neither shall you have any part among them: ANI your part and thine inheritance among the benai Yisrael.

18:21 (vii) Tithes to the Levites

And, Hinnei, I have given the benai Levi all the tenth in Yisrael for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, [even] the service of the oleh Moed.

18:22 Neither must the benai Yisrael henceforth come nigh the oleh Moed, lest they bear sin, and die.

18:23 But the Leviim shall do the service of the oleh Moed, and they shall bear their iniquity: [it shall be] a statute forever throughout your generations, that among the benai Yisrael they have no inheritance.

18:24 But the tithes of the benai Yisrael, which they offer [as] an terumah (heave offering) to YEHOVAH (יהוה), I have given to the Leviim to inherit: therefore I have said to them, Among the benai Yisrael they shall have no inheritance.


And YEHOVAH (יהוה) spoke to Mosheh, saying:

18:26 Thus speak to the Leviim, and say to them, When you take of the benai Yisrael the tithes which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then you shall offer up a terumah (heave offering) of it for YEHOVAH (יהוה), [even] a tenth [part] of the tithe.

18:27 And [this] your terumah (heave offering) shall be reckoned to you, as though [it were] the corn of the threshingfloor, and as the fulness of the winepress.

18:28 Thus you also shall offer a terumah (heave offering) to YEHOVAH (יהוה) of all your tithes, which you receive of the benai Yisra'el; and you shall give thereof YEHOVAH (יהוה)'S terumah (heave offering) to Aharon the kohen.

18:29 Out of all your gifts you shall offer every terumah (heave offering) of YEHOVAH (יהוה), of all the best thereof, [even] the consecrated part thereof out of it.

18:30 (Maftir) Tribute Paid

Therefore you shall say to them, When you have heaved the best thereof from it, then it shall be counted to the Leviim as the increase of the goren (threshingfloor), and as the increase of the winepress.

18:31 And you shall eat it in every place, you and your households: for it [is] your reward for your service in the oleh Moed.

18:32 And you shall bear no sin by reason of it, when you have heaved from it the best of it: neither shall you pollute the kadosh things of the benai Yisrael, lest you die.

Haftarah Korach: Shemuel Alef 11:14-12:22

12:22 The text emphasizes the central idea that Elohim is pleased to make you His people [Keil and Delitzsch, vol 2 p 121] Contrast this idea with Korach idea that every man should be a priest to himself

Brit Hadashah : Timotheos Alef 2:8-21; Yehudah 1-25

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Terumah (Heave offerings)舉 祭 תּרוּמהA feminine noun meaning offering. a type of sacrifice,tribute, oblation, tribute, offering grain, money,something being lifted up, to be high

Tenuphah (Wave offerings) 搖 祭  תּנוּפה signals the acceptance of the offering before Hashem, offered by waving (Shemot 29:24; Vayikra 8:27). Twice the word is taken to mean an offering in general (Shemot 38:24,29).

Minchah - 素 祭

Threshing floor; 場上 goren

Threshing floor; 場上 goren - גּרן

It is used to describe Israel as a threshed people because Hashem had, so to speak, put them on the threshing floor of judgment (Isa_21:10; cf. Jer_51:33; Hos_13:3).Ruth after yielding herself at the threshing floor in submission and obedience …coming out from that place of divine appointment …ready to meet her destiny

Ruth 3:13-14; 1 Chron 13:10-13; 2 Sam 24:17-18 ; 2 Chron 3:1