Torah Mosheh 4 Bamidbar / Numbers Chapter 22

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Balak sends for Bil'am

22:1 And benai Yisrael set forward, and pitched in the plains of Moav on this side Yardan [by] Yericho.

Haftarah Hukkat:Softim 11:1-33

Brit Hadshah : Yochanan 3:9-21; 4:3-30; 12:27-50

Parashah 40: Balak 22:2-25:9

(In regular years read with Parashah 39, in leap years read separately)

22:2 (i) And Balak (בּלק) Ben Tzippor saw all that Yisrael had done to the Emorites.

22:3 And Moav was sore afraid of the people, because they [were] many: and Moav was distressed because of benai Yisrael.

22:4 And Moav said to the Zakenei (elders) Midyan, Now shall this company lick up all [that are] round about us, as the ox licks up the grass of the field. And Balak (בּלק) Ben Tzippor [was] melekh the Moavites at that time.

22:5 He sent messengers therefore to Bil'am (בּלעם) Ben Beor to Pethor, which [is] by the river of the eretz of the benai his people, to call him, saying, hinei, there is a people come out from Mitzrayim: hinei, they cover the face of the eretz, and they abide over against me:

22:6 Therefore please come at once, curse this people for me, for they are too mighty for me. Perhaps I shall be able to defeat them and drive them out of the land, for I know that he whom you bless is blessed, and he whom you curse is cursed."

22:7 So the Ziknei (elders) of Moav and the Ziknei of Midyan departed with the diviner's fee in their hand, and they came to Bil'am (בּלעם) and spoke to him the words of Balak (בּלק).

22:8 And he said to them, "Lodge here tonight, and I will bring back word to you, as YEHOVAH (יהוה) speaks to me." So the princes of Moav stayed with Bil'am (בּלעם).

22:9 And Elohim (אלהים) came to Bil'am (בּלעם), and said, "Who are these men with you?"

22:10 And Bil'am (בּלעם) said to Elohim (אלהים), Balak (בּלק) Ben Tzippor, melekh Moav, has sent to me, saying,

22:11 'Hinei, a people has come out of Mitzrayim, and they cover the face of the earth. Come now, curse them for me; perhaps I shall be able to overpower them and drive them out.' "

22:12 And Elohim (אלהים) said to Bil'am (בּלעם), "You shall not go with them; you shall not curse the people, for they are blessed."

22:13 (RY:v; LY:ii)

So Bil'am (בּלעם) rose in the morning and said to the princes of Balak (בּלק), "Go back to your land, for YEHOVAH (יהוה) has refused to give me permission to go with you."

22:14 And the princes of Moav rose and went to Balak (בּלק), and said, "Bil'am (בּלעם) refuses to come with us."

22:15 And Balak (בּלק) sent yet again princes, more, and more honourable than they.

22:16 And they came to Bil'am (בּלעם), and said to him, Thus says Balak (בּלק) Ben Tzippor, 'Please let nothing hinder you from coming to me;

22:17 for I will certainly honor you greatly, and I will do whatever you say to me. Therefore please come, curse this people for me.' "

22:18 And Bil'am (בּלעם) answered and said to the servants of Balak (בּלק), If Balak (בּלק) would give me his house full of kesef and zahav, I cannot go beyond Dvar YEHOVAH (יהוה) my Elohim (אלהים), to do less or more.

22:19 Now therefore, please, you also stay here tonight, that I may know what more YEHOVAH (יהוה) will say to me."

22:20 And Elohim (אלהים) came to Bil'am (בּלעם) at night, and said to him, If the men come to call you, rise up, [and] go with them; but yet the word which I shall say to you, that shall you do.

Bil'am Meets the messenger of YEHOVAH

22:21 (LY:iii) And Bil'am (בּלעם) rose up in the morning, and saddled his donkey, and went with the princes of Moav.

22:22 And Elohim (אלהים)'s anger was kindled because he went: and the messenger of YEHOVAH (יהוה) stood in the way for an adversary against him. Now he was riding upon his donkey, and his two servants [were] with him.

22:23 And the donkey saw the messenger of YEHOVAH (יהוה) standing in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand: and the donkey turned aside out of the way, and went into the field: and Bil'am (בּלעם) smote the donkey, to turn her into the way.

22:24 But the messenger of YEHOVAH (יהוה) stood in a path of the vineyards, a wall [being] on this side, and a wall on that side.

22:25 And when the donkey saw the messenger of YEHOVAH (יהוה), she thrust herself to the wall, and crushed Bil'am (בּלעם)'s foot against the wall: and he smote her again.

22:26 And the messenger of YEHOVAH (יהוה) went further, and stood in a narrow place, where [was] no way to turn either to the right hand or to the left.

22:27 And when the donkey saw the messenger of YEHOVAH (יהוה), she fell down under Bil'am (בּלעם): and Bil'am (בּלעם)'s anger was kindled, and he smote the donkey with a staff.

22:28 Then YEHOVAH (יהוה) opened the mouth of the donkey, and she said to Balaam, "What have I done to you, that you have struck me these three times?"

22:29 And Bil'am (בּלעם) said to the donkey, "Because you have made a fool of me. I wish I had a sword in my hand, for then I would kill you."

22:30 "But I am the same donkey you have ridden all your life," the donkey answered. "Have I ever done anything like this before?" "No," Bil'am (בּלעם) admitted.

22:31 Then YEHOVAH (יהוה) opened the eyes of Bil'am (בּלעם), and he saw the messenger of YEHOVAH (יהוה) standing in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand: and he bowed down his head, and fell flat on his face.

22:32 And the Messenger of YEHOVAH (יהוה) said to him, "Why have you struck your donkey these three times? Behold, I have come out to stand against you, because your way is perverse before Me.

22:33 The donkey saw Me and turned aside from Me these three times. If she had not turned aside from Me, surely I would also have killed you by now, and let her live."

22:34 And Bil'am (בּלעם) said to the Messenger of YEHOVAH (יהוה), "I have sinned, for I did not know You stood in the way against me. Now therefore, if it displeases You, I will turn back."

22:35 And the messenger of YEHOVAH (יהוה) said to Bil'am (בּלעם), Go with the men: but only the word that I shall speak to you, that you shall speak. So Bil'am (בּלעם) went with the princes of Balak (בּלק).

22:36 Now when Balak (בּלק) heard that Bil'am (בּלעם) was coming, he went out to meet him at the city of Moav, which is on the border at the Arnon, the boundary of the territory.

22:37 Then Balak (בּלק) said to Bil'am (בּלעם), "Did I not earnestly send to you, calling for you? Why did you not come to me? Am I not able to honour you?"

22:38 And Bil'am (בּלעם) said to Balak (בּלק), Hinnei, I am come to you: have I now any power at all to say any thing? the word that Elohim (אלהים) putteth in my mouth, that shall I speak.

22:39 (RY:vi, LY:iv)

And Bil'am (בּלעם) went with Balak (בּלק), and they came to Kiryat Huzot.

22:40 And Balak (בּלק) offered oxen and sheep, and sent to Bil'am (בּלעם), and to the princes that [were] with him.

Bila'am's Oracles 22:41 - 24:25

22:41  So it was, the next day, that Balak (בּלק) took Bil'am (בּלעם) and brought him up to the high places of Baal, that from there he might observe the extent of the people.

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Who was Bil'am בלעם?
Bil'am the son of B'or was from Aram (ancient Mesopotamia / Syria), the place of Avraham's extended family. According to Jewish Sages, may their memories be blessed, Yaakov's wicked uncle Lavan had a son named B'or (בעור) who became the father of the Bil'am (בלעם). In other words, Bil'am was none other than the grandson of Lavan and a distant relative of the Jewish people.

Balak Ben Tzippor=  “devastator,” He was king of Moav named after the man who was a distant cousin to Israel through Lot, Avraham’s nephew

Bil'am = means “destruction of people.” The Hebrew word bela means “ destruction, confuse, confound.” The Hebrew word am means “people, tribe, nation.”

Arnon wnra= "rushing stream" a river and surrounding valley in south Palestine, forms the border between Moav and the Emorites

Moav - Moab - bawm Barasheet 19:37 And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moav: the same is the father of the Moavites to this day.

Moab = "of his father" Semites; a son of Lot by his eldest daughter; the nation descended from the son of Lot; the land inhabited by the descendants of the son of Lot

There were seven oracles in all each is introduced with  the words the word Oracle means proverbs meaning prophectic speeches

23:7-10 - First Prophectic speech> - set a pace for the rest -who can count the dust of Yaakov

23:18-24 - Second Prophectic speech - addressed to Balak the unwilling listener - Hashem cannot renege on His promises of life for His People (Roman 8:31-39)

24:3-9 Third Prophectic speech - blessing on the tribe of Israel as they about to enter Kenaan, Hashem would empower them to destroy all enemies Yisrael is pictured as a lion, Bil'am quoted Barasheet 12:3

24:15-19 Fourth Messianic Prophectic speech - the pagan Bilam had a vision of the coming of the Hebrew Moshiach Adonay Yeshua Ha Moshiach was visible from afar, like a star, radiant and beautiful, He was like a Scepter, majestic and powerful. He is victor  over His enemies. All nations who resisted Yisrael and Hashem's redemptive work would come under the curse they unwittingly embraced.