Ketuvim כתובים / Hagiographa / writing

Daniyel (דניאל) Chapter 1

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

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3 observation: The story (dreams and Significants); The personal challenge (compromise, set apartness, Perseverance); the Prophetic significant (4 kingdoms Bavel (בּבל), Paras (פּר), Greece, Rome) Introduction (1:1-21)

The Selection young men appt prince of enunchs in service in the king's court

1:1 In the third year of the malkut of Yehoyakim (יהויקים) king of Yehudah came Nevukadnetzar king of Bavel unto Yerushalayim, and besieged it.

1:2 And *YHWH (יהוה) gave Yehoyakim (יהויקים) king of Yehudah into his yad (hand), with part of the vessels of the Beit Elohim (אלהים): which he carried into the Eretz Shin'ar (שׁנער) to the beit elohav (אלהיו); and he brought the vessels into the treasure beit elohav (אלהיו).

1:3 And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs (הסריסים), that he should bring [certain] of the Benai Yisrael, and of the king's seed, and of the princes;

1:4 Yeladim in whom [was] no blemish, but well favoured, and skilful in all chokhmah, and cunning in da'at, and binah science, and such as [had] ability in them to stand in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Kasdim (Chaldeans).

1:5 And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king's portion of food, and of the wine which he drank: so nourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king.

1:6 Now among these were of the Benai Yehudah, Daniyel (דניאל), HananYahu (חנניה), Miysha'el (מישׁאל), and Azaryahu (עזריה):

1:7 Vayasem lahem sar hasarisim shemot vayasem:

To them the chief of the eunuchs (הסריסים) gave names:

He gave unto Daniyel (דניאל) [the name] Belt'shatzar (בּלטשׁאצAramaic); and

to HananYahu (חנניה), of Shadrach( שׁדרך); and

to Miysha'el (מישׁאל), of Meyshak(מישׁך); and

to Azaryahu (עזריה) , of Abed-Nego (עבד נגו).

Dani'el 's dare to stand and Resolve

1:8 But Daniyel (דניאל) purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's delicacies, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the chief of the eunuchs (הסריסים) that he might not defile himself.

1:9 Now Elohim (אלהים) had brought Daniyel (דניאל) into favour and tender love(רחם) with the chief of the eunuchs (הסריסים)

1:10 And the chief of the eunuchs (הסריסים) said unto Daniyel (דניאל), I fear my master the king, who has appointed your ma'akal (מאכל food) and drink: For why should he see your faces looking worse than the young men who are your age? Then you would endanger my head before the king."

1:11 And Daniyel (דניאל) said to the steward , whom the chief of the eunuchs (הסריסים) had set over Daniyel (דניאל), HananYahu (חנניה), Miysha'el (מישׁאל), and Azaryah,

1:12 Prove your servants, I beseech you, for ten days and let us be given a vegetable diet and water to drink.

1:13 “Then let our appearances be examined before you, and the appearances of the young men who eat the portion of the king’s food. And do with your servants as you see fit.”

1:14 So he consented to them in this matter, and proved them ten days.

1:15 And at the end of ten days their countenances appeared fairer and fatter in flesh than all the yeladim which did eat the portion of the king's portion of food.

1:16 Thus Melzar took away the portion of their food, and the wine that they should drink; and gave them pulse.

1:17 As for these four yeladim, Elohim (אלהים) gave them da'at and skill in all learning and chokhmah: and Daniyel (דניאל) had binah in all chazon and chalomot (dreams).

1:18 Now at the end of the days that the king had said he should bring them in, then the chief of the eunuchs (הסריסים) brought them in before Nevukadnetzar.

1:19 And the king communed with them; and among them all was found none like Daniyel (דניאל), HananYahu (חנניה), Miysha'el (מישׁאל), and Azaryah : therefore stood they before the king.

1:20 And in all matters of chokhmah [and] binah, that the king enquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians (chartom) [and] astrologers (ashaf) that [were] in all his realm.

1:21 And Daniyel (דניאל) continued [even] unto the first year of king Koresh (כּור).


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

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The meaning of the prince of Eunuch

Dani'el - Yah is my judge; HananYahu - Yah has favoured; Miysha'el who is what Elohim (אלהים) is; Azaryahu (עזריה) - Yah has help

Daniyel is the Aramaic

Outline study of Dani'el

  1. Chapter 1 - Part I - Young Captives 3 observation: The story (dreams and Significants); The personal challenge (compromise, set apartness, Perseverance); the Prophetic significant (4 kingdoms Bavel (בּבל), Paras (פּר), Greece, Rome)
  2. Chapter 2 Image Dream
  3. Chapter 3 Fiery Furnace
  4. Chapter 4 Fallen Tree: Nevukadnetzar" declaration; dream; Daniyel (דניאל) pesher (interpretation, explanation) & warning; Fulfilment
  5. Chapter 5 yad (hand)writing on Wall: Blasphemous party (1-4); yad (hand)writing appears (5-16); Daniyel (דניאל) Rebuke(17-24); the fall of Bavel (בּבל) (30-31)
  6. Chapter 6 Lion's Den: The spirit of envy (1-4); the plot against Daniyel (דניאל) (5-16); the lion's Den power of Elohim manifested ( 17-24); testimony of Daryavesh (דּריוש) (25-28)
  7. Chapter 7 Part II - Four Beasts:  Bavel (בּבל) ; Parsiy (פּרס) ; Yavan;  Romaios
  8. Chapter 8 Ram and Goat : vision (1-4); Interpreter, (15-19); pesher (interpretation, explanation) (20-27)
  9. Chapter 9 Seventy Seven: discovery (1-2); Prayer (3-23); Naviim (24-27)
  10. Chapter 10 Coming Melekh: Final Prophecy - Daniyel (דניאל) Preparation (1-4); the Man clothed in Linen (5-6); Words of encouragement (7-19) Unseen Angelic warfare (10:10-11:1
  11. Chapter 11   Fulfilled prophecy (1-35); Prophecy yet to be Fulfilled (36-45)
  12. Chapter 12   The great Tribulation; Resurrection and Reward

Persia - Paras - פּרסPersian = see Persia “pure” or “splendid”

Cyrus - Koresh - כּורשׁ “posses thou the furnace”

Medes (מדי) = “middle land” מדי  (Aramaic)mâday

his eloah - elohav

CRITICIAL BOOK TEXT:  Daniel critical text

Chapter  13 - Susanah

Bel and the Dragon (Daniel Chapter 14)

The use of the Name of the Almighty

Chapter 1 use the name YHWH or Elohim  is that when He spoke to prophet Daniyel. Language use is Hebrew

Chapter 2-7 is dealing with gentile nation and king, the word YHWH or Elohim never use only use Elah, Eloah, EL or EL Elyon, language use mixture of Aramaic and Hebrew

Chapter 9-12 is dealing with the event affecting the Jewish people, the name of eloah is YHWH and Elohim or Adon. the word Adonay was substitute by Jewish Scribes to replace YHWH to Adonay. see the HRV - language resume to Hebrew dialect


The word Elah

Found in the book Ezra, and Daniel

Sefer Daniel Elah Sovereign Divine eloah of Israel and also same word for pagan eloahs, gentiles uses the Divine and their pagan same manner of Address the Divine, the Jews also use this name when they are on exile.

Daniel chapters 2: 11, 18, 19, 20, 23, 28, 37, 44, 45, 47.

Daniel Chapters 3:12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 25, 26, 28, 29.

Daniel Chapters 4:2 (3:32), 8 (5), 9 (6), 18 (15).

Daniel Chapters 5:3, 4, 11,14,18, 21, 23, 26.

Daniel Chapters 6:5 (6), 7(8), 10 (11), 11 (12), 16 (17), 20 (21), 22(23), 26 (27)


Sefer Ezra - Elah (when Jews on foreign land or land of goyim)

Chapter 4:24;

Chapters 5:1, 2, 5, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

Chapters 6: 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 17, 18,

Chapters 7:12, 21; 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, 26


Similiarly in the Brit Hadashah message pertain or Address or attention to the Jewish people the word Elohim and YHWH is to be use. Non-Jewish believer use the Eloah, Adonay,  Yeshua, Theos in Greek or simply in English eloah or the Lord.