Ketuvim / Hagiographa / History

Divrei Hayamim Alef / דברי הימים

1st Chronicles Chapter 1

Genealogies / Toldot

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

Reign of David

11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29

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The Toldot Adam to Avraham

1:1 Adam, Shet, Enosh,

1:2 Kainan, Mahalal'el, Yered,

1:3 Chanoch, Metushelach, Lemech,

1:4 Noach, Shem, Cham, and Yefet.

Gen 10:2-5

1:5 The benai Yefet; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Yavan, and Tuval, and Meshech, and Tiras.

1:6 6| And the benai Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Difat, and Togarmah.

1:7 And the benai Yavan; Elishah, and Tarshishah, Kittim, and Rodanim.

1:8 The benai Cham; Kush, and Mitzrayim, Put, and Kena'an.

1:9 And the benai Kush; Seva, and Chavilah, and Savta, and Raamah, and Savtecha. And the benai Raamah; Sheva, and Dedan.

1:10 And Kush fathered Nimrod: he began to be a gibbor (mighty) upon the eretz.

1:11 And Mitzrayim fathered Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehavim, and Naftuchim,

1:12 And Patrusim, and Casluchim, (of whom came the Pelishtim) and Caftorim.

1:13 And Kena'an fathered Tzidon his bechor, and Chet,

1:14 The Yevusi also, and the Emori, and the Girgashi,

1:15 And the Chivi, and the Arki, and the Sini,

1:16 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.

(Gen 10:22-31)

1:17 The benai Shem; Elam, and Ashur, and Arfachshad, and Lud, and Aram, and Utz, and Chul, and Geter, and Meshech.

1:18 And Arfachshad fathered Shelach, and Shelach fathered Ever.

1:19 And unto Ever were born two banim: the name of the one [was] Peleg; because in his days the eretz was divided: and his brother's name [was] Yoktan.

1:20 And Yoktan fathered Almodad, and Shelef, and Chatzar-Mavet, and Yerah,

1:21 Hadoram also, and Uzal, and Diklah,

1:22 And Eval, and Avima'el, and Sheva,

1:23 And Ofir, and Havilah, and Yovav. All these [were] Ben Yoktan.

1:24 Shem, Arfachshad, Shelach,

1:25 Ever, Peleg, Re'u,

1:26 Serug, Nachor, Terach,

1:27 Avram; the same is Avraham.

1:28 Benai Avraham; Yitzchak, and Yishma'el.

1:29 These [are] their toldot (generations):

The Bachor Yishma'el,

Nevayot; then Kedar, and Adbe'el, and Mivsam,

1:30 Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Chadad, and Tema,

1:31 Yetur, Nafish, and Kedemah. These are benai Yishma'el.

(Gen 25:1-4)

1:32 Now the benai Keturah, Avraham's piylegesh (concubine): she bare Zimran, and Yokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Yishbak, and Shuah. And benai Yokshan; Sheva, and Dedan.

1:33 And the benai Midyan; Efah, and Efer, and Henoch, and Avida, and Eldaah. All these [are] the benai Keturah.

1:34 And Avraham fathered Yitzchak. The benai Yitzchak; Esav and Yisra'el.

1:35 Benai Esav; Eliphaz, Reu'el, and Yeush, and Ya'alam, and Korach.

1:36 Benai Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Tzephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek.

1:37 Benai Reu'el: Nachat, Zerach, Shammah, and Mizzah.

1:38 And Benai Se'ir: Lotan, and Shoval, and Tziveon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Etzer, and Dishan.

1:39 And benai Lotan; Hori, and Homam: and Timna [was] Lotan's sister.

1:40 Benai Shoval; Alian, and Manahat, and Eval, Shefi, and Onam. And the benai Tziveon; A'yah, and Anah.

1:41 Benai Anah; Dishon. And the benai Dishon; Amram, and Eshvan, and Itran, and Cheran.

1:42 Benai Etzer; Bilhan, and Zavan, [and] Yakan. Benai Dishan; Uz, and Aran.

Early kings and leaders of Edom

(Gen 36:15-19,25-43)

1:43 Now these [are] the melakhim that reigned in the eretz Edom before [any] melekh reigned over the benai Yisra'el; Bela Ben Beor: and the name of his city [was] Dinhavah.

1:44 And when Bela was dead, Yovav Ben Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his place.

1:45 And when Yovav was dead, Husham of the eretz the Temanites reigned in his place.

1:46 And when Husham was dead, Hadad Ben Bedad, which smote Midyan in the field of Mo'av, reigned in his place: and the name of his city [was] Avith.

1:47 And when Hadad was dead, Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his place.

1:48 And when Samlah was dead, Sha'ul of Rehovot by the river reigned in his place.

1:49 And when Sha'ul was dead, Ba'al-Chanan Ben Achvor reigned in his place.

1:50 And when Ba'al-Chanan was dead, Hadad reigned in his place: and the name of his city [was] Pai; and his wife's name [was] Mehetav'el Bat Matred bat Mezahav.

1:51 Hadad died also. And alufei (chiefs, dukes) of Edom were; the Aluf (chief) Timna, the Aluf (chief) Al'yah, the Aluf (chief) Yetet,

1:52 Oholivamah, Elah, Pinon,,

1:53 Kenaz, Teman, Mivtzar,

1:54  Magdi'el, Iram. These are the alufei (chiefs, dukes) Edom.

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1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29

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The book of Chronicles originally on large book, okkupies the last position in the Hebrew Scripture. The Hebrew title means "Journals" or more literally "Words of the Days".

At the first review 1 Chronicles seems to repeat 1 and 2 Shemuel and the 2nd Chronicles seems to cover the same material as 1 and 2 Kings.  Why is there yet another account of the same history?

The scrolls of Shemuel and Kings emphasize the historical side of thing whereas Chronicles emphasizes the spiritual aspect. Thus Chronicles focus on the reign of Davyid and his sucessors and on the temple and its worship. It gives details not previously found concerning Kohenm, Leviim, musicians, singers, and gatekeepers. Here are a few of the main lessons Hashem wanted to teach His people: The ten gentile nations that are enemies of Yisrael were the sons of Cham while the Benai Shem some of which are the goyim who took Yisrael into golus (captivities). Hashem chose those gentile who are Benai Shem to be take care golus of Yisrael.

  1. Obedience to Hashem always brings  blessing, victory, success and prosperity.
  2. Disobedience always brings judgment, defeat, curse and destruction.
  3. Repentance and make teshuvah to YHWH brings blessings again. Key verse 2 Chronicles 7:14
  4. One of Hashem's ways of teaching lessons is by repeating them. but from a different spiritual view point.
  5. The toldot  or genealogies ae not exact copies of the earlier ones. It's purpose to trace the royal line through David to Moshiach and Kohanim line because it was important that only the descendant of Aharon could serve as Kohanim of YHWH.
  6. The theme of Chronicles is the relation of Yehudah's Makhut and the Kohanim to Beit YHWH. It points forward to the coming Moshiach, Adonay Yeshua HaMoshiach, the Melekh ha Gadol (MattitYahu) and the Kohan HaGadol (Hebrews)

Outline in Detail

I.  THE TOLDOT (GENEALOGIES) (PEREK 1- 9)

II. THE DEATH OF SHAUL (PEREK 10)

III. THE REIGN OF DAVYID (PEREK 11- 29)