Ketuvim / Hagiographa Writing

Ezra  / עזרא Chapter 1

THE RETURN OF GOLUS TO YERUSHALAYIM UNDER Zerubavel (זרבּב)

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,

THE RETURN OF GOLUS UNDER Ezra (עזרא)

7, 8, 9, 10

The Decree of Koresh (Cyrus)

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1:1 Now in the first year of  Koresh melekh Paras (Persia), that the Dvar YEHOVAH (יהוה) by the mouth of Yirmeyahu might be fulfilled, YEHOVAH (יהוה) stirred up the spirit of Koresh melekh Paras, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and [put it] also in writing, saying:

First letter - Cyrus king

1:2 Thus saith Koresh melekh Paras, YEHOVAH (יהוה) Elohim (אלהים) of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he hath charged me to build Him a house at Yerushalayim, which [is] in Yehudah.

1:3 Who [is there] among you of all His people? Elohav be with him, and let him make aliyah (go up to) l' Yerushalayim, which [is] in Yehudah, and build ha Beit YEHOVAH (יהוה) Elohei Yisrael, (he is ha Elohim) which [is] in Yerushalayim.

1:4 And whosoever remaineth in any place where he sojourneth, let the men of his place help him with kesef (silver), and with zahav (gold), and with goods, and with beasts, beside the nedavah (freewill offering) for Beit Elohim (אלהים) that [is] in Yerushalayim.

Preparation and Provisions

1:5 Va ya kumu (rose up) ha roshei ha avot l'Yehudah ve Benyamin, ve ha kohanim, ve ha Leviim, with all [them] whose Ruach Elohim (אלהים) had raised, to go up to build the Beit YEHOVAH (יהוה) which [is] in Yerushalayim.

1:6 And all they that [were] about them strengthened their hands with vessels of kesef (silver), with zahav (gold), with goods, and with beasts, and with precious things, beside all [that] was willingly offered.

1:7 Also Koresh ha melekh brought forth the vessels of the Beit YEHOVAH (יהוה), which Nevukadnetzar had brought forth out of Yerushalayim, and had put them in the house of his elohim (gods);

1:8 Even those did Koresh melekh Paras bring forth by the hand of Mitredat the treasurer, and numbered them unto Sheshbatztzar, ha nasi (prince) Yehudah.

1:9 And this [is] the number of them:

thirty chargers of zahav (gold), a thousand chargers of kesef (silver), nine and twenty knives,

1:10 Thirty basins of zahav, kesef basins of a second [sort] four hundred and ten, [and] other vessels a thousand.

1:11 All the vessels of zahav and of kesef [were] five thousand and four hundred. All [these] did Kiv-Int-link.gifSheshbazar bring up with [them of] the golus (גּולה) that were brought up from Bavel unto Yerushalayim.


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

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Sefer Ezra (עזרא) - Elah (when Jews on foreign land or land of goyim)

Chapter 4:24;

Chapters 5:1, 2, 5, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

Chapters 6: 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 17, 18,

Chapters 7:12, 21; 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, 26

Bibilical Outlines

Profile of Sefer Ezra (עזרא)

Ha Sefer Ezra (עזרא) n Nechemyah were originally one volume. Sefer Ezra (עזרא) recounts the efforts of the golus who returned from Bavel to rebuild the temple.Under the leadership of Yeshua, ha Kohen gadol, and Zerubavel (זרבּב), the governor over the region, proper worship and the ceremonies associated with it were restored in Yerushalayim.

Theme:

The Yehudim had been carried away to Bavel in three stages likewise they returned with the permission of the Parsi in three stages.. 2 Kings 24:11-16;25:11; Jer 52:28-30; Ezek 3:15; Ezra (עזרא) 2:59; 8:17 However the epilogue to the book of Yirmeyahu gives what seem to be fairly accurate figures for three stage of golus from Yehudah.

1

7th year of N'vukhadretza

3,023 persons

Yehudah

2

18th Year  of N'vukhadretzar

832 persons

Yerushalayim

3

23rd year of N'vukhadretzar, N'vuzar'adan the commander of the guard

745 persons

Yehudah

    The total comes to

4,600 persons.

 

  1. The first group return  in 536 BC - under the leadership of  Zerubavel started to rebuild the temple (1-6)
  2. The Second in 457 B.C under Ezra (עזרא) ha kohen instituted a number of reforms (7-10)
  3. The Third group in 444 B.C under Nechemyah rebuilt the wall around Yerushalayim (Nechemyah 1-6)

Golus Yisrael (Exile) (587-539 BCE)

Keywords:

Yirmeyahu - meaning whom YEHOVAH has appointed. He is a Navi (prophet) of Elohim who foretold the destruction and captivity of Yehudah by the Bavel. He was also the writer of the sefer Yirmeyahu and Eikhah.

Zerubavel (זרבּב) - the grandson of king Yehoiyakin; stranger in Babylon

Sheshbazzar is the Hebrew or Aramaic form of the Babylonian Shamash-aba-uṣur, or Shamash-bana-uṣur: “Oh Shamash, protect the father.”recognized as the legitimate heir to the throne of David

Nedavah (free willing offering)

Zahav (gold) Kesef- (silver; livestock, beast, vessels of kesef with zahav with precious things

Treasurer : Mitre-Edat

vs 9 : inventory

gold dishes -                  30

silver dishes -                1,000

silver pans                      29

gold bowls -                   30

matching silver bowls   410

other articles -               1,000

In all, there were            5,400    articles of gold and silver.

A. The Decree of Koresh (Cyrus)

The first three verses duplicate the last two verses of Divre ha Yamin Bet. Hashem used Koresh, melekh Paras, to issue a proclamation permitting the Yehudim to return to Yehudah and to rebuild Ha Mikdash in Yerushalayim. In addition, he commanded their neighbours to contribute generously to the returning remnant. Many years before his birth, Koresh had been named by Hashem and set apart for this high destiny (Yeshayahu 44:28–45:13). He illustrates the truth of Pro_21:1 : "The king's heart is in the hand of YEHOVAH, like the rivers of water; He turns it wherever He wishes."

The decree ended seventy years of golus for the Yehudim. The seventy-year period can be calculated in two ways: from 605 B.C., when Nevukadnetztzar attacked Yerushalayim and led off the first deportation, to 535 B.C., when the foundation of the temple was laid; or from the fall of Yerushalayim, in 586 B.C., to the completion of Ha Mikdash, in 516 B.C. 

Ezra (עזרא) 1:2; Neh 1-3

The Return to Tzyon

The return from exile. Whe Koresh (Cyrus) and Parsi captured Bavel in 539 BCEa, the way was opened for golus Yehudah to begin the return of her homeland. Two major expeditions made the journey, one in 537 BC and another in 458 B.C

Related to Torah principles to Shomer and the consequence when disobey:

Vayikra 25 - a list of ordinances or Statutes concering the Shabbat  and Shabbat of the Eretz of Yisrael.

Vayikra 26:27-35 - what Hashem would do - when disobey

Vayikra 26:40-45 - a list of punishments, commitments

The Prophets

Yirmeyahu 25:1-12 - prophecy of 70 yrs of captivity

The Historical event

Divre ha Yamin Bet (2 Chronicles) 36:11-21 to fulfill the Dvar YEHOVAH by the mouth of Yirmeyahu, until the land had enjoyed its shabbatot. All the days of its desolation it kept shabbat until seventy years were complete.

A list of promises

Yirmeyahu 29:1-14 promises; punishment and future plan

Yeshayahu's prophecy concerning melekhim Koresh

Yeshayahu 44:24-45:7

Seven letter in the book of Ezra (עזרא)

  1. First Letter from melekh Koresh (Cyrus)                 - Chap 1:2-4
  2. Second Letter to melekh Artachshasta                   - Chap 4:11-16
  3. Third Letter from melekh to Rechum the governor  - Chap 4:17-22
  4. Fourth Letter from Tattenai to Dareyavesh              - Chap 5:6 - 17
  5. Fifth Letter of memorandum decree of Darius         - Chap 6:2 - 5
  6. Sixth Letter from Dareyavesh to Tatnai                   - Chap 6:6 - 12
  7. Seventh Letter from Artachshasta to Ezra (עזרא)               - Chap 7:12 - 26