Ketuvim

Iyov / איּוב

Job Chapter 1

Iyov's background; First & Second satan's assault n accusation

1, 2,

Iyov's dialogues with his 3 counselors

3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31,

Elihu's Monologue

32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37

YHWH Speaks

38, 39, 40,

Iyov's confession; His acknowledges Hashem's sovereignty n epilogue renewed blessing

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Iyov's Character

1:1 There was a man in the land of Utz (עוּץ), whose name [was] Iyov (איּו); and that man was blameless and yashar (upright), and one that yare (feared) Elohim (אלהים), and sur (shunned, cut off) rah (evil).

1:2 And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters.

1:3 His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east.

1:4 And his sons went and feasted [in their] houses, every one his day; and sent and called for their three sisters to eat and to drink with them.

Iyov's piety

1:5 And it was so, when the days of [their] feasting were gone about, that Iyov (איּו) sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered olot (burnt offerings) [according] to the number of them all: for Iyov (איּו) said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed Elohim (אלהים) in their hearts. Thus did Iyov (איּו) continually.

Iyov accused by the adversary in Shamayim

(cp Rev 12:10)

Mystery of Hashem's permissive will

1:6 Now there was a day when Benai ha Elohim (אלהים) came to present themselves before YHWH (יהוה), and satan (שׂטן) came also among them.

1:7 And YHWH (יהוה) said unto satan (שׂטן):

"Whence comest thou?

Then satan (שׂטן) answered YHWH (יהוה), and said:

From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.

1:8 And YHWH (יהוה) said unto satan (שׂטן):

"Hast thou considered My servant Iyov (איּו), that [there is] none like him in the earth, a blameless and a yashar (upright) man, one that feareth Elohim (אלהים), and shunned evil?

1:9 Then satan (שׂטן) answered YHWH (יהוה), and said:

Does Iyov (איּו) fear Elohim (אלהים) for nothing?

1:10 Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he have on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land.

1:11 But put forth Thine hand now, and touch all that he have, and he will curse thee to Thy face.

1:12 And YHWH (יהוה) said unto satan (שׂטן):

Behold, all that he have [is] in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So satan (שׂטן) went forth from the presence of YHWH (יהוה).

The adversary's first assault

1:13 And there was a day when his sons and his daughters [were] eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house:

1:14 And there came a messenger unto Iyov (איּו), and said, The oxen were plowing, and the asses feeding beside them:

1:15 And the Sheba ( שׁבא) fell [upon them], and took them away; yea, they have slain the na'arim (servants) with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.

1:16 While he [was] yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The fire of Elohim (אלהים) is fallen from heaven, and have burned up the sheep, and the na'arim (servants), and consumed them; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.

1:17 While he [was] yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The Kasdim (כשׂדים) made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the na'arim (servants) with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.

1:18 While he [was] yet speaking, there came also another, and said, Thy sons and thy daughters [were] eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house:

1:19 And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.

1:20 Then Iyov (איּו) arose, and rent his meil (mantle), and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and yi shtakhu (worshiped, ישׁתחו),

1:21 va yomer "arom yatsa mi beten emi ve arom ashuv shamah YHWH natan va YHWH lakakh yehi shem YHWH mebarukh:

And said, "Arom (naked) came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: YHWH (יהוה) gave, and YHWH (יהוה) have taken away; Blessed be The Name of YHWH (יהוה).

1:22 In all this Iyov (איּו) sinned not, nor charged Elohim (אלהים) foolishly.


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42

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Look, we regard those who persevered as blessed. You have heard of the perseverance of Iyov, and you know what the purpose of ADONAI was, that ADONAI is very compassionate and merciful. (Yaakov 5:11)

About Iyov - Job - איּוב He is pictured as a wealthy nomad who is still offering sacrifice, Yaakov used him as an excellent example of patient and persistent faith (Yaakov 5:11). This sefer Iyov is a perfect illustration of True faith despite of trouble and tribulation, it is a sefer wisdom, suffering and faith, this sefer also presents many problems of man's suffering could be result man's sin, however there are occasion it is test of our faith to Hashem. We are not judge a person for the suffering he experience rather have a heart of comfort and compassion.

Benai ha Elohim - the Jewish study biblle jps describe as divine being

rented of cloths 撕裂 klothz, (keri`at beghadhim) - an expression of deep sorrow, calamity, mourning of the dead

shaving of head - shaving the head is a sign of mourning (Devarim 21:12; Iyov 1:20); ordinarily the hair was allowed to grow long, and was only cut at intervals (compare Avshalom, 2 Shemuel 14:26). if there was defilement, they were to shave the whole head (Nu 6:5,9,18 ff; compare Acts 21:24). The shaving of the beard was not permitted to the Yisraelites; they were prohibited from shaving off even "the corner of their beard" (Lev 21:5). Shaving "with a razor that is hired" is Yeshayahu's graphic figure to denote the complete devastation of Yehudah by the Assyrian army (Yeshayahu 7:20).

Substance  家產 mikneh מקנה; acquired-cattle,flocks, herds, livestock, possessions, purchased.

Na'arim 僕人 A masculine noun referring to a boy, a young man, a servant. It is used of a young person, a boy (Barasheet 19:4); one old enough to serve in battle or as a personal private force (Baraheet 14:24; 1Sa_21:2 [3]; 1Sa_30:13, 1Sa_30:17); or as a helper in the army (1 Shemuel 14:1). It is used regularly to refer to a young male eved (Barasheet 18:7; Barasheet 22:3); or an attendant to ha melekh (Est_2:2). It is written na‛arâ  several times but should be read as na‛arāh, girl, young girl (see Barasheet 24:14). plural form ne‛ārîm -  male and female persons (Rut 2:21; Iyov 1:19). A young man, a lad, a young boy was not capable of ruling a land (Ecc 10:16). It figuratively describes Israel in its formative early years (Hoshea 1:1).

The adversary's assault

  1. Iyov's wealth and children taken - chp 1:13-22  - strong statement vs 21 "Naked I came from my mother's womb and naked I will depart. YHWH gave and YHWH has taken away" - so vs 22 Iyov sinned not