Neviim Rishonim:

melekhhim Alef /

1 Kings Chapter 1

Commonly called SEFER HA SHALOSH MELEKHIM

(The Third book of the Kings)

Key Themes:

The importance of being faithful to the Covenant

The building of the Temple

The role of Neviim in general and to Eliyahu and Elisha in particular

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22

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Adoniyah's attempt to seize the Throne 1- 38

1:1 Now melekh Daviyd (דּויד ) was old [and] stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat.

1:2 Wherefore his avadim said unto him, Let there be sought for my master the melekh a young virgin: and let her stand before the melekh, and let her cherish him, and let her lie in thy bosom, that my master the melekh may get heat.

1:3 So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Yisrael, and found Avi'Shag a Shunammite, and brought her to the melekh.

1:4 And the damsel [was] very fair, and cherished the melekh, and ministered to him: but the melekh knew her not.

1:5 Then Adoniyah Ben Chaggit exalted himself, saying, I will be king: and he prepared him chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him.

1:6 And his avi had not displeased him at any time in saying, Why hast Thou done so? and he also [was a] very goodly [man]; and [his mother] bare him after Av'Shalom.

1:7 And he conferred with Yoav Ben ZeruYah, and with Evy'atar ha Kohen: and they following Adoniyah helped [him].

1:8 But Tzadok ha Kohen, and Benayahu Ben Yehoyada, and Natan haNavi, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which [belonged] to Daviyd (דּויד ), were not with Adoniyah.

1:9 And Adoniyah slew sheep and oxen and chelvei (fat) cattle by the stone of Zoheleth, which [is] by Enrogel, and called all his brethren the king's sons, and all the men of Yehudah the king's avadim:

1:10 But Natan haNavi, and Benayahu, and the mighty men, and Sh'lomo his brother, he called not.

Plan of Natan n Bat'Sheva

1:11 Wherefore Natan spake unto Bat'Sheva the mother of Sh'lomo, saying, Hast Thou not heard that Adoniyah Ben Chaggit doth reign, and Daviyd (דּויד ) our master knoweth [it] not?

1:12 Now therefore come, let me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, that Thou mayest save thine own life, and the life of thy son Sh'lomo.

1:13 Go and get thee in unto melekh Daviyd (דּויד ), and say unto him, Didst not Thou, my adoni, O melekh, swear unto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Sh'lomo thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adoniyah reign?

1:14 Hinnei, while Thou yet talkest there with the melekh, I also will come in after thee, and confirm thy words.

1:15 And Bat'Sheva went in unto the melekh into the chamber: and the melekh was very old; and Avi'Shag the Shunammite ministered unto the melekh.

1:16 And Bat'Sheva bowed, and did obeisance unto the melekh. And the melekh said, What wouldest Thou?

1:17 And she said unto him, My master, Thou swarest by YHWH (יהוה) Eloheicha unto thine handmaid, [saying], Assuredly Sh'lomo thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne.

1:18 And now, hinnei, Adoniyah reigneth; and now, my master the melekh, Thou knowest [it] not:

1:19 And he hath slain oxen and chelvei (fat) cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all benai the melekh, and Evyatar ha Kohen, and Yoav the sar Tzava (Army): but Sh'lomo thy eved hath he not called.

1:20 And Thou, my master, O melekh, the eyes of all Yisrael [are] upon thee, that Thou shouldest tell them who shall sit on the throne of my master the melekh after him.

1:21 Otherwise it shall come to pass, when my master the melekh shall sleep with his Avot, that I and my son Sh'lomo shall be counted offenders.

1:22 And, Hinnei, while she yet talked with the melekh, Natan haNavi also came in.

1:23 And they told the melekh, saying, hinnei Natan haNavi. And when he was come in before the melekh, he bowed himself before the melekh with his face to the ground.

1:24 And Natan said, My master, O melekh, hast Thou said, Adoniyah shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne?

1:25 For he is gone down this day, and hath slain oxen and chelvei (fat) cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the king's sons, and the captains of the Tzava (Army), and Evy'atar ha Kohen; and, hinnei, they eat and drink before him, and say, Elohim (אלהים) save melekh Adoniyah.

1:26 But me, [even] me thy eved, and Tzadok ha Kohen, and Benayahu Ben Yehoyada, and thy eved Sh'lomo, hath he not called.

1:27 Is this thing done by my master the melekh, and Thou hast not shewed [it] unto thy eved, who should sit on the throne of my master the melekh after him?

1:28 Then melekh Daviyd (דּויד ) answered and said, Call me Bat'Sheva. And she came into the king's presence, and stood before the melekh.

1:29 And the melekh sware, and said, [As] YHWH (יהוה) liveth, that hath redeemed my nefesh out of all distress,

1:30 Even as I sware unto thee by YHWH (יהוה) Elohim (אלהים) of Yisrael, saying, Assuredly Sh'lomo thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my stead; even so will I certainly do this day.

1:31 Then Bat'Sheva bowed with [her] face to the eretz, and did reverence to the melekh, and said, Let my adoni melekh Daviyd (דּויד ) live forever.

1:32 And melekh Daviyd (דּויד ) said, Call me Tzadok ha Kohen, and Natan haNavi, and Benayahu Ben Yehoyada. And they came before the melekh.

1:33 The melekh also said unto them:

Take with you the avadim of your adoni, and cause Sh'lomo my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon:

1:34 And let Tzadok ha Kohen and Natan haNavi anoint him there melekh over Yisrael: and blow ye with the shofar, and say, Elohim (אלהים) save melekh Sh'lomo.

1:35 Then ye shall come up after him, that he may come and sit upon my throne; for he shall be melekh in my stead: and I have appointed him to be ruler over Yisrael and over Yehudah.

1:36 And Benayahu Ben Yehoyada answered the melekh, and said, Amen: YHWH (יהוה) Elohim (אלהים) of my master the melekh say so [too].

1:37 As YHWH (יהוה) hath been with my master the melekh, even so be he with Sh'lomo, and make his throne greater than the throne of my master melekh Daviyd (דּויד ).

Melekh Sh'lomo's Second Anointing at Gihon 39- 53

1:38 So Tzadok ha Kohen, and Natan haNavi, and Benayahu Ben Yehoyada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, went down, and caused Sh'lomo to ride upon melekh Daviyd (דּויד )'s mule, and brought him to Gihon.

1:39 And Tzadok ha Kohen took an keren (horn of) oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Sh'lomo. And they blew the shofar; and all the people said, Elohim (אלהים) save melekh Sh'lomo.

1:40 And all the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes, and rejoiced with great joy, so that the eretz rent with the sound of them.

1:41 And Adoniyah and all the guests that [were] with him heard [it] as they had made an end of eating. And when Yoav heard the sound of the shofar, he said,

Wherefore [is this] noise of the city being in an uproar?

1:42 And while he yet spake, hinnei, Yonatan Ben Evy'atar ha Kohen came: and Adoniyah said unto him, Come in; for Thou [art] a valiant man, and bringest good tidings.

1:43 And Yonatan answered and said to Adoniyah,

Verily our master melekh Daviyd (דּויד ) hath made Sh'lomo melekh.

1:44 And the melekh hath sent with him Tzadok ha Kohen, and Natan ha Navi, and Benayahu Ben Yehoyada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and they have caused him to ride upon the king's mule:

1:45 And Tzadok ha Kohen and Natan ha Navi have anointed him melekh in Gihon: and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This [is] the noise that ye have heard.

1:46 And also Sh'lomo sitteth on the throne of the malkut.

1:47 And moreover the king's avadim came to bless our master melekh Daviyd (דּויד ), saying, Elohim (אלהים) make the Name of Sh'lomo better than thy name, and make his throne greater than thy throne. And the melekh bowed himself upon the bed.

1:48 And also thus said the melekh:

Blessed [be] YHWH (יהוה) Elohim (אלהים) of Yisrael, which hath given [one] to sit on my throne this day, mine eyes even seeing [it].

1:49 And all the guests that [were] with Adoniyah were afraid, and rose up, and went every man his derek.

1:50 And Adoniyah feared because of Sh'lomo, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the karnot (horns) of the Mitzbe'ach (altar).

1:51 And it was told Sh'lomo, saying, hinnei, Adoniyah feareth melekh Sh'lomo: for, lo, he hath caught hold on the karnot (horns) of the Mitzbe'ach (altar), saying, Let melekh Sh'lomo swear unto me to day that he will not slay his eved with the sword.

1:52 And Sh'lomo said, If he will shew himself a worthy man, there shall not an hair of him fall to the eretz: but if wickedness shall be found in him, he shall die.

1:53 So melekh Sh'lomo sent, and they brought him down from the Mitzbe'ach (altar). And he came and bowed himself to melekh Sh'lomo: and Sh'lomo said unto him, Go to thine Beit.


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