Neviim Akharonim

Ovadyah עבדיה (Trei Asar)

Obadiah Chapter 1

1. The Pronouncement of Doom upon Esav

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The Deceitfulness of pride Kiv-Int-link.gif

1:1 The chazon (vision) Ovadyah.

Thus saith Adonay (אדני) YHWH (יהוה) concerning Edom:

"We have heard a shemuah (rumour) from YHWH (יהוה), and an ambassador is sent among ha Goyim: Kiv-Int-link.gif

'Arise ye, and let us rise up against her in battle.'"

1:2 Hinnei, I have made thee small among ha Goyim:

Thou art greatly despised. Kiv-Int-link.gif

1:3 The pride of thine heart hath deceived thee, thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock (Petra, sela), whose habitation [is] high; that saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down to the ground?

1:4 Though thou exalt [thyself] as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith YHWH (יהוה).

1:5 If thieves came to thee, if robbers by night, (how art thou cut off!) would they not have stolen till they had enough? if the grape-gatherers came to thee, would they not leave [some gleaning] grapes? Kiv-Int-link.gif

1:6 How are [the things] of Esav searched out! [how] are his hidden things sought up!

1:7 All the men of your allies have brought thee [even] to the border: the men that were at peace with thee have deceived thee, [and] prevailed against thee; [they that eat] thy bread have laid a wound under thee: [there is] none understanding in him.

1:8 Shall I not in that day, saith YHWH (יהוה), even destroy the wise [men] out of Edom, and understanding out of the Mount of Esav (Idumea)?

1:9 And thy mighty [men], O Teman, shall be dismayed, to the end that every one of the Mount of Esav may be cut off by slaughter.

2. The Cause of this Doom

1:10 For [thy] violence against thy brother Ya'akov shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever.

1:11 In the day that you stood on the other side, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Yerushalayim, even thou [wast] as one of them.Kiv-Int-link.gif

1:12 But you should not have gazed on the day of your brother in the day that he became a captive; neither should you have rejoiced over the Benai Yehudah in the day of their destruction; neither should you have spoken proudly in the day of distress.

1:13 You should not have entered into the gate of My people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid [hands] on their substance in the day of their calamity;

1:14 You should not have stood in the crossroads, to cut off those among them who did escape; neither should you have delivered up those among them who did remain in the day of distress.

3. Edom in Yom YHWH

1:15 For the Yom YHWH (יהוה) [is] near upon all ha Goyim: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head.

1:16 For as ye have drunk upon My Set apart mountain, [so] shall all ha Goyim drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been.

Future deliverance for beit Ya'akov judgment upon Esav

1:17 But upon Mount Tzyon shall be deliverance (escape), and there shall be Kodesh (set apart); and the beit Ya'akov shall possess their possessions.

1:18 Ve hayah beit Ya'akov shall be a fire, and the beit Yosef a flame, and the beit Esav for stubble, and they shall kindle in them, and devour them; and there shall not be [any] remaining of the beit Esav; for YHWH (יהוה) hath spoken [it].

1:19 And [they of] the south shall possess the Mount of Esav; and [they of] the shephelah (plain, lowland) the P'lishtites: and they shall possess the fields of Efrayim, and the fields of Shomron: and Benyamin [shall possess] Gil'ad.

1:20 And the captivity of this host of the Benai Yisra'el [shall possess] that of the Kena'anites, [even] unto Tzarefat; and the captivity of Yerushalayim, which [is] in Sefarad, shall possess the cities of the south (the Negev).

1:21 And moshi'im (deliverers) shall come up on har Tzyon to shaphat har Esav; and the kingdom shall be YHWH (יהוה)'S.

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After having read the above scriptures and after seeing the fate of those who were bitter enemies with Yisrael  the question for you  to think about Does it pays to hate Yisrael?

Notes:

Sefer Ovadyah is the shortest sefer in the Tenakh and the third shortest in the entire Scripture. it has one theme only: The destruction of the descendants of Yaakov's twin brother Esav who were bitter enemies of the people of Yisrael. Ovadyah was an Edomite proselyte, who became a high official in the court of Achav and Iezevel. (See Melachim I 18:1-5, which describes how Ovadyah saved 100 prophets from death when Izevel was trying to kill all the prophets for these reason credited and given the prohecy concerning Edom).

Ovadyah opens with a prediction of the downfall of Edom by invaders. Its leading city, Sela or Petra, was carved out of the side of the high, ro-red cliffs south of the Dead Sea. It was considered impregnable against attack. However Hashem would bring them down from the eagle heights and their nest among the stars.

Edom אֱדוֹם,(See Map Edomite kingdom) Edom (Hebrew: אֱדוֹם, Standard Edom Tiberian Ĕḏôm ; "red") is a name given to Esau in the Hebrew Bible, as well as to the nation descending from him. The nation's name in Assyrian was Udumi; in Syriac, ܐܕܘܡ; in Greek, Ἰδουμαία (Idoumaía); in Latin, Idumæa or Idumea.

The Edomite people were a Semitic-speaking tribal group inhabiting the Negev Desert and the Arabah valley of what is now southern Dead Sea and adjacent Jordan. The region has much reddish sandstone, which may have given rise to the name "Edom". The nation of Edom is known to have existed back to the 8th or 9th century BC, and the Bible dates it back several centuries further. Recent archaeological evidence may indicate an Edomite nation as long ago as the 11th century BC, but the topic is controversial. The nation ceased to exist as a settled state with the Jewish-Roman Wars.

The Edomite language is the extinct Hebrew Canaanite language of the Edomites in southwestern Jordan in the first millennium BC.The Edomite people  tribal group inhabiting the Negev Desert and the Aravah valley of what is now southern Israel and adjacent Yarden. The region has much reddish sandstone, which may have given rise to the name "Edom". Edom was pictured drawn here is one of an utterly cold and heartless lact of restraint in Edom's cruel treatment of Hashem's people. Edom was completely without mercy, showing not a one shred of compassion to their brother Yaakov. Perphaps this betrayed family relationship was one reason why their "doom" was so final. Though the physical Edom perish but the spirit of Edom still exist today, those who have bitter hatred and exhibit harm to the people of Yisrael are known to have the spirit of Edom.

Deut 1:2, Deut 2:1, Deut 2:5, 1 Chr 4:42, 2 Chr 20:10, 2 Chr 20:22, 2 Chr 20:23, Ezek 35:2, Ezek 35:3, Ezek 35:7, Ezek 35:15

Teman

tē´man (תּמן, tēmān, “on the right,” i.e. “south”; Θαιμάν, Thaimán): The name of a district and town in the land of Edom, named after Teman the grandson of Esav, the son of his firstborn, Eliphaz (Gen 36:11; 1Ch 1:36). A duke Teman is named among the chiefs or clans of Edom (Gen_36:42; 1Ch_1:53). He does not however appear first, in the place of the firstborn. Husham of the land of the Temanites was one of the ancient kings of Edom (Gen 36:34; 1Ch 1:45). From Ovadyah 1:9 we gather that Teman was in the land of Esav (Edom).

In Amos 1:12 it is named along with Bozrah, the capital of Edom.

In Eze 25:13 desolation is denounced upon Edom: “From Teman even unto Dedan shall they fall by the sword.” Dedan being in the South, Teman must be sought in the North Eusebius, Onomasticon knows a district in the Gebalene region called Theman, and also a town with the same name, occupied by a Roman garrison, 15 miles from Petra. Unfortunately no indication of direction is given. No trace of the name has yet been found. It may have been on the road from Elath to Bozrah.

The inhabitants of Teman seem to have been famous for their wisdom (Jer 49:7; Oba 1:8 ).

Historical Records

The Edomites were expelled from their country by the Nabateans, but took possession of the Negev, which became known as Idumea and even temporily occupied part of Yehudah, until routed by Yehudah Maccabeus in 185 BC. Later in Jewish history, the Roman Empire came to be identified with Esau and "Edom".The Edomites see to have disappeared altogether in the first century AD. The Petra (from "petra", rock in Greek; Arabic: البتراء, al-Bitrā) became the seat of a Christian Patriarchate until the country was taken by the Mohammedans in the 7th Century AD. Today there has yet any trace of any who could be genuinely identified as an Edomite. Ovadyah's prediction that there would be no survivor has been fulfilled.

Janet Ellen Shen visited the land of the Seir, descendence of Esav

The brief History of Petra

Ovadyah - servant of YHWH the 4th of the 12 minor Neviim

(1) The steward or prime minister of Ahav, who did his best to protect the Neviim  YHWH against Yezevel's persecution. He met Eliyahu on his return from Zarefath, and bore to Ahab the news of Elijah's reappearance (1 Kings 18:3-16).

(2) Ha Navi (Ovadyah 1:1).

(3) A descendant of David (1 Chronicles 3:21).

(4) A chief of the tribe of Yissakhar (1 Chronicles 7:3).

(5) A descendant of Shaul (1 Chronicles 8:38; 1 Chronicles 9:44).

(6) A Leviim descended from Yeduthun (1 Chronicles 9:16), identical with Avda (Nechemyah 11:17).

(7) A chief of the Gadites (1 Chronicles 2:9).

(8) A Zevulunite, father of the chief  Yishmayah (1 Chronicles 27:19).

(9) One of the princes sent by Yehoshafat to teach the Torah in Yehudah (2 Chronicles  17:7).

(10) A Merarite employed by Yosiyah to oversee the workmen in repairing Ha Mikdash (2 Chronicles 34:12).

(11) The head of a family who went up with Ezra from Bavel (Ezra 8:9).

(12) One of the men who sealed the Brit with Nechemyah (Nechemyah 10:5).

(13) A gate-keeper in the days of NechemYah (Nechemyah 12:25).