Torah Mosheh 2:

Shemot /  שׁמות

Exodus Chapter 13

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31,32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40

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Reading this Chapter in Chinese

The Departure of benai  Yisrael - AVIV 15

The Klaf Parchent  Shel Yad (Head and hand) Section 1 Shemot 13:1-10

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13:1(vii) וַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה אֶל-מֹשֶה לֵּאמֹר׃

Vayedaber Adonai el-Mosheh lemor

And ADONAI (יהוה) spoke to Mosheh, saying:

13:2 קַדֶּש-לִי כׇל-בְּכוֹר פֶּטֶר כׇּל-רֶחֶם בִּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בָּאָדָם וּבַבְּהֵמָה לִיהוּא׃

Kadesh-li chol-bechor peter chol-rechem bivnei Yisra'el ba'adam uvabehemah li hu.

"Set apart to Me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among Benai  Yisrael, both of man and of beast: it is Mine."

13:3 וַיֹּאמֶר מֹשֶה אֶל-הָעָם זָכוֹר אֶת-הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה אֲשֶר יְצָאתֶם מִמִּצְרַיִםמִבֵּית עֲבָדִים כִּי בְּחֹזֶק יָד הוֹצִיא יְהֹוָה אֶתְכֶם מִזֶּה וְלֹא יֵאָכֵל חָמֵץ׃

Vayomer Mosheh el-ha'am zachor et-hayom hazeh asher yetzatem miMitzrayim mibeit avadim ki bechozek yad hotzi Adonai etchem mizeh velo ye'achel chametz.

And Mosheh said to the people: Remember this day, in which you came out from Mitzrayim, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand ADONAI (יהוה) brought you out from this place: There shall no chametz lechem be eaten.

13:4 הַיּוֹם אַתֶּם יֹצְאִים בְּחֹדֶש הָאָבִיב׃

Hayom atem yotze'im bechodesh ha'Aviv.

This day came you out in the month Aviv.

13:5 וְהָיָה כִי-יְבִיאֲךָ יְהֹוָה אֶל-אֶרֶץ הַכְּנַעֲנִי וְהַחִתִּי וְהָאֱמֹרִי וְהַחִוִּי וְהַיְבוּסִיאֲשֶר נִשְבַּע לַאֲבֹתֶיךָ לָתֶת לָךְ אֶרֶץ זָבַת חָלָב וּדְבָש וְעָבַדְתָּאֶת-הָעֲבֹדָה הַזֹּאת בַּחֹדֶש הַזֶּה׃

Vehayah chi-yevi'acha Adonai el-'eretz haKena'ani veHachiti veha'Emori veHachivi vehaYvusi asher nishba la'avoteicha latet lach eretz zavat chalav udevash ve'avadta et-ha'avodah hazot bachodesh hazeh.

And it shall be when ADONAI (יהוה) shall bring you into the land of the Kena'ani, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Yevusites, which he sware to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep this service in this month.

13:6 שִבְעַת יָמִים תֹּאכַל מַצֹּת וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּבִיעִי חַג לַיְהֹוָה׃

Shiv'at yamim tochal matzot uvayom hashevi'i chag Adonai

Seven days you shall eat matzah, and in the seventh day shall be a Feast to ADONAI (יהוה).

13:7 מַצּוֹת יֵאָכֵל אֵת שִבְעַת הַיָּמִים וְלֹא-יֵרָאֶה לְךָ חָמֵץ וְלֹא-יֵרָאֶה לְךָשְׂאֹר בְּכׇל-גְּבֻלֶךָ׃

Matzot ye'achel et shiv'at hayamim velo-yera'eh lecha chametz velo-yera'eh lecha se'or bechol-gevulecha.

Unleavened bread shall be eaten throughout the seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with you, neither shall there be leaven seen with you, in all your borders.

13:8  [HAGADAH] root word nagad

וְהִגַּדְתָּ לְבִנְךָ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא לֵאמֹר בַּעֲבוּר זֶה עָשָׂה יְהֹוָה לִי בְּצֵאתִימִמִּצְרָיִם׃

Vehigadta levincha bayom hahu lemor ba'avur zeh asah Adonai li betzeti miMitzrayim.

And you shall tell your son in that day, saying, 'This is done because of what ADONAI (יהוה) did for me when I came up from Mitzrayim.'

13:9 וְהָיָה לְךָ לְאוֹת עַל-יָדְךָ וּלְזִכָּרוֹן בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ לְמַעַן תִּהְיֶה תּוֹרַת יְהֹוָהבְּפִיךָ כִּי בְּיָד חֲזָקָה הוֹצִאֲךָ יְהֹוָה מִמִּצְרָיִם׃

Vehayah lecha le'ot al-yadecha ulezikaron bein eineicha lema'an tihyeh torat Adonai beficha ki beyad chazakah hotzi'acha Adonai miMitzrayim.

It shall be as a sign to you on your hand and as a zikaron (reminder) between your eyes, that the torat ADONAI (יהוה) may be in your mouth; for with a strong hand ADONAI (יהוה) has brought you out of Mitzrayim.

13:10 וְשָמַרְתָּ אֶת-הַחֻקָּה הַזֹּאת לְמוֹעֲדָהּ מִיָּמִים יָמִימָה׃

Veshamarta et-hachukkah hazot lemo'adah miyamim yamimah

you shall therefore keep this ordinance in his Moed (appointed Time) from year to year.


The Klaf Parchent -  Shel Yad (Head and hand) Section 2 Shemot 13:11-16

13:11 וְהָיָה כִּי-יְבִאֲךָ יְהֹוָה אֶל-אֶרֶץ הַכְּנַעֲנִי כַּאֲשֶר נִשְבַּע לְךָ וְלַאֲבֹתֶיךָוּנְתָנָהּ לָךְ׃

Vehayah ki-yevi'acha Adonai el-'eretz hakena'ani ka'asher nishba lecha vela'avoteicha unetanah lach.

And it shall be when ADONAI (יהוה) shall bring you into the land of the Kena'ani, as he sware to you and to your fathers, and shall give it you,

13:12 וְהַעֲבַרְתָּ כׇל-פֶּטֶר-רֶחֶם לַיְהֹוָה וְכׇל-פֶּטֶר שֶגֶר בְּהֵמָה אֲשֶר יִהְיֶה לְךָהַזְּכָרִים לַיְהֹוָה׃

Veha'avarta chol-peter-rechem Adonai vechol-peter sheger behemah asher yihyeh lecha hazzecharim lAdonai

That you shall set apart to ADONAI (יהוה) all that opens the matrix, and every firstling that comes of a beast which you have; the males shall be ADONAI's (יהוה).

13:13 וְכׇל-פֶּטֶר חֲמֹר תִּפְדֶּה בְשֶׂה וְאִם-לֹא תִפְדֶּה וַעֲרַפְתּוֹ וְכֹל בְּכוֹר אָדָםבְּבָנֶיךָ תִּפְדֶּה׃

Vechol-peter chamor tifdeh veseh ve'im-lo tifdeh va'arafto vechol bechor adam bevaneicha tifdeh.

And every firstling of an ass you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among your children shall you redeem.

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13:14 (Maftir) וְהָיָה כִּי-יִשְאָלְךָ בִנְךָ מָחָר לֵאמֹר מַה-זֹּאת וְאָמַרְתָּ אֵלָיו בְּחֹזֶק יָדהוֹצִיאָנוּ יְהֹוָה מִמִּצְרַיִם מִבֵּית עֲבָדִים׃

Vehayah ki-yish'alecha vincha machar lemor mah-zot ve'amarta elav bechozek yad hotzi'anu hashem mimmitzrayim mibbeit avadim.

And it shall be when your son asks you in time to come, saying, What is this? that you shall say to him, By strength of hand ADONAI (יהוה) brought us out from Mitzrayim, from the house of bondage:

13:15 וַיְהִי כִּי-הִקְשָה פַרְעֹה לְשַלְּחֵנוּ וַיַּהֲרֹג יְהֹוָה כׇּל-בְּכוֹר בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִםמִבְּכֹר אָדָם וְעַד-בְּכוֹר בְּהֵמָה עַל-כֵּן אֲנִי זֹבֵחַ לַיְהֹוָה כׇּל-פֶּטֶר רֶחֶםהַזְּכָרִים וְכׇל-בְּכוֹר בָּנַי אֶפְדֶּה׃

Vayhi ki-hikshah Far'oh leshalechenu vayaharog Adonai chol-bechor be'eretz Mitzrayim mibechor adam ve'ad-bechor behemah al-ken ani zoveach Adonai chol-peter rechem hazecharim vechol-bechor banai efdeh.

And it came to pass, when Par oh would hardly let us go, that ADONAI (יהוה) slew all the firstborn in the land of Mitzrayim, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to ADONAI (יהוה) all that opens the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of My children I redeem.

13:16 וְהָיָה לְאוֹת עַל-יָדְכָה וּלְטוֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ כִּי בְּחֹזֶק יָד הוֹצִיאָנוּ יְהֹוָהמִמִּצְרָיִם׃

Vehayah le'ot al-yadechah uletotafot bein eineicha ki bechozek yad hotzi'anu Adonai miMitzrayim.

And it shall be for a token upon your hand, and for frontlets between your eyes: for by strength of hand ADONAI (יהוה) brought us forth out of Mitzrayim.

Shel Rosh (The head) and The Klaf (parchment) Shel Yad (the hand) Devarim 6:4-9 Devarim 11:13-21

Haftarah Bo: Yirmeyahu 46:13-28   

Tehillim 77, 35, 110 and 141

Brit Hadashah: Loukas 2:22-24; Yochanan 19:31-37; Acts 13:16-17; Revelation 8:6-9:12; 16:1-21


Parashah 16: Beshalach 13:17-17:16 בשלח

(After he had let go)

13:17(i)bullet06_greenfire.gif And it came to pass, when Paroh had let the people go, that Elohim led them not [through] the way of the land of the Pelishtim, although that was near; for Elohim said:

"The people might change their minds when they see war, and return to Mitzrayim."

13:18bullet06_greenfire.gif But Elohim led the people about, through the way of the midbar of the Yam Suf: and Benai  Yisrael went up harnessed out of the land of Mitzrayim.

13:19bullet06_greenfire.gif And Mosheh took the bones of Yosef with him: for he swear unconditionally benai  Yisrael, saying, Elohim will surely visit you; and you shall carry up my bones away hence with you.

13:20 And they took their journey from Sukkot, and encamped in Etam, in the edge of the midbar.

13:21bullet06_greenfire.gif And ADONAI (יהוה) went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:

13:22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.


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firstborn firstborn , firstling of men and women of animals noun of relation (fig.) Elohim had saved the firstborn of Yisraelites from death in Mitzrayim, therefore the firstborn of Humans and of animals were to be consecrated to ADONAI (יהוה) as belonging to Him. The firstborn sons became Kohanim, speak of dedication to ADONAI (יהוה),

Remember this day - Zakar this day refer Aviv 15 -The day that gave them a national existence and introduced them into the privileges of independence and freedom, deserved to live in the memories of the Hebrews and their posterity; and, considering the signal interposition of Elohim displayed in it, to be held not only in perpetual, but devout remembrance.

HaShem dealings with Yisrael that two of the struggles are temptation, submission and to do it - practice, obedience. Path of Yisrael - longest route, narrow way, temptation, difficulties, test of faith

Red sea - Mitzrites word "Yam Suf" literally the Sea of Reeds. the area now known as the Bitter lakes may have been connected with the Red sea in ancient times.

13:17 - From the land of Goshen, where the Israeli people lived, to the southern edge of the land of the Phlistim, it is approximately one hundred forty (140) miles.  The most direct route (which is the route which Scripture indicates that they did not use) between the Land of Goshen and Mount Sinai is two hundred forty (240) miles; and then it is about another one hundred forty (140) miles to Kadesh Barnea.  This brings the total to about three hundred eighty (380) miles going the way that ADONAI led them, as opposed to the shortest route which would only have been about one hundred forty (140) miles.

ADONAI led them to Mount Sinai in about 45 days (give or take a day or two).  If they would make five and one-half miles a day, it would take them about forty-four days to get to Mount Sinai.  Using that same average of 5.5 miles per day, it would only have taken them about one month to get to the Promised Land. But, not only did ADONAI lead them by a further route in distance, but also in time.  ADONAI led them directly to Mount Sinai (about 45 days journey), and they stayed there for two years and two months.  Then they set out for the southern edge of the Land at Kadesh Barnea.  But, because of the incident with the twelve spies (the people believed the evil report of the majority [10] of spies rather than those who were speaking ADONAI’s words [the two spies]),  the result was that they were not able to enter the Land for another thirty-eight (38) years.