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17:1(vii) And all the congregation of the Benai Yisrael journeyed from the midbar of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of YHWH (יהוה), and pitched in Rephidim (רפידים): and [there was] no mayim for the people to drink.
17:2 Wherefore the people did chide with Mosheh, and said, Give us mayim that we may drink.
And Mosheh said unto them:
Why chide ye with me?
Wherefore do ye tempt YHWH (יהוה)?
17:3 And the people thirsted there for mayim; and the people murmured against Mosheh, and said, Wherefore [is] this [that] thou hast brought us up out of Mitzrayim, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?
17:4 And Mosheh cried unto YHWH (יהוה), saying:
"What shall I do unto this people?"
They be almost ready to stone me.
17:5 And YHWH (יהוה) said unto Mosheh:
"Go on before the people, and take with thee of the Ziknei of Yisrael; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go."
Hinnei, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horev; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come mayim out of it, that the people may drink.
And Mosheh did so in the sight of the Ziknei of Yisrael.
17:7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the benai Yisrael, and because they tempted YHWH (יהוה), saying:
Is YHWH (יהוה) among us, or not?
(Gen 14:7; Num 13:29; 14:25)
17:8 Then came Amalek, and
fought withYisrael in Rephidim (רפידים).
17:9 And Mosheh said unto Yehoshua:
Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek:
Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of Elohim in mine hand.
17:10 So Yehoshua did as Mosheh had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Mosheh, Aharon, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.
17:11 And it came to pass, when Mosheh held up his hand, that Yisrael prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.
17:12 But Mosheh hands [were] heavy; and they took a stone, and put [it] under him, and he sat thereon; and Aharon and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.
17:13 And Yehoshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.
And YHWH (יהוה) said unto Mosheh:
"Write this [for] a memorial in a sefer, and rehearse [it] in the ears of Yehoshua: for I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under shamayim.
17:15 And Mosheh built an altar, and called the Name of it YHWH Nissi (YHWH (יהוה) is my Banner):
17:16 For he said:
Because YHWH (יהוה) hath sworn [that] YHWH (יהוה) [will have] war with Amalek from generation to generation.
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"I stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb" This passage is one of the ones that Shaul referenced (1 Corinthians 10:4)
(other reference Numbers 20:8-11; Psa 78:15, 16) Rav Shaul affirms that THAT ROCK was Moshiach. The rock provided mayim for Yisrael and it was smitten in the process just as Yeshua was smitten in His work of providing Salvation