Torah Mosheh 2:

Shemot /

Exodus Chapter 28

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Vestments for the priests, ephod garment, ring settings, the breastplate, robe, head-plate, tunic, turban, sashes, pants

28:1 And take thou unto thee Aharon thy brother, and his banim with him, from among the benai Yisrael, that he may minister unto me in the Kohen's office, [even] Aharon, Nadav and Avihu, Eleazar and Itamar, Aharon's banim.

28:2+ And thou shalt make kadosh garments for Aharon thy brother for Kavod and for beauty.

28:3 And thou shalt speak unto all [that are] wise hearted, whom I have filled with the Ruach chokmah, that they may make Aharon's garments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto me in the Kohen's office.

28:4 And these [are] the garments which they shall make; a choshen, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make kadosh garments for Aharon thy brother, and his banim, that he may minister unto me in the Kohen's office.

28:5 And they shall take gold, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen.

28:6 And they shall make the ephod [of] gold, [of] blue, and [of] purple, [of] scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work.

28:7 It shall have the two shoulderpieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and [so] it shall be joined together.

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28:8 And the curious girdle of the ephod, which [is] upon it, shall be of the same, according to the work thereof; [even of] gold, [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.

28:9 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the benai Yisrael:

28:10 Six of their names on one stone, and [the other] six names of the rest on the other stone, according to their birth.

28:11 With the work of an engraver in stone, [like] the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the benai Yisrael: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold.

28:12 And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod [for] stones of memorial unto the benai Yisrael: and Aharon shall bear their names before YHWH (יהוה) upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

28:13(ii) And thou shalt make ouches [of] gold;

28:14 And two chains [of] pure gold at the ends; [of] wreathen work shalt thou make them, and fasten the wreathen chains to the ouches.

28:15 And thou shalt make the choshen of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; [of] gold, [of] blue, and [of] purple, and [of] scarlet, and [of] fine twined linen, shalt thou make it.

28:16 Foursquare it shall be [being] doubled; a span [shall be] the length thereof, and a span [shall be] the breadth thereof.

ArbaTurim

four Row

寶石四行

EBEN / Stone /

Tribe

English names use in Bible versions

Chinese Names

中文名称宝石

Transliterate

Hebrew

第一行

Echad

Odem

אֹדֶם

Reuven

Ruby,carnelian

紅寶石

Pit'dah

פִּטְדָה

Shimon

Prase, topaz

紅璧璽

Bareket

בָרֶקֶת

Levy

Carbuncle, beryl, emerald,smaragd

紅玉

第二行

Sheni

Nofekh

נֹפֶךְ

Yehudah

Carbuncle, Emerald; turquoise

綠寶石

Sapir

סַפִּיר

Yisssakar

Sapphire

藍寶石

Yahalom

יָהֲלֹם

Zevulun

Beryl, diamond, emerald

金鋼石

第三行

Shelishi

Leshem

לֶשֶׁם

Dan

Ligure, jacinth, opal

紫瑪瑙

Shevo

שְׁבוֹ

Naftali

agate, turquoise

白瑪瑙

Ahlamah

אַחְלָמָה

Gad

amethyst,Crystal

紫晶

第四行

Revii

Tarshish

תַּרְשִׁישׁ

Asher

beryl, Chrysolite

水蒼玉

Shoham

שֹׁהַם

Yosef

Onyx

紅瑪瑙

Yashfeh

יָשְׁפֵה

Benyamin

Jasper

碧玉

28:17 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones:

arba turim (four rows) aven tur eben (stones) tur:

 Odem, Pit'dah,  ve Bareket:

ha Tur ha Echad.

28:18 Ve ha Tur (row) ha Sheni (second):

Nofekh, Sapir, ve Yahalom.

28:19 Ve ha Tur ha Shelishi (third):

Leshem, Shevo, ve aklamah.

28:20 Ve ha Tur ha Revii (fourth):

Tarnish, ve Shoham, ve Yashfeh:

they shall be set in gold in their inclosings.

28:21 And the stones shall be with the names of the benai Yisrael, twelve, according to their names, [like] the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.

28:22 And thou shalt make upon the choshen chains at the ends [of] wreathen work [of] pure gold.

28:23 And thou shalt make upon the choshen two rings of gold, and shalt put the two rings on the two ends of the choshen.

28:24 And thou shalt put the two wreathen [chains] of gold in the two rings [which are] on the ends of the choshen.

28:25 And [the other] two ends of the two wreathen [chains] thou shalt fasten in the two ouches, and put [them] on the shoulderpieces of the ephod before it.

28:26 And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and thou shalt put them upon the two ends of the choshen in the border thereof, which [is] in the side of the ephod inward.

28:27 And two [other] rings of gold thou shalt make, and shalt put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart thereof, over against the [other] coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod.

28:28 And they shall bind the choshen by the rings thereof unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that [it] may be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the choshen be not loosed from the ephod.

28:29 And Aharon shall bear the names of the benai Yisrael in the choshen of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the kadosh [place], for a memorial before YHWH (יהוה) continually.

28:30 And thou shalt put in the choshen of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aharon's heart, when he goeth in before YHWH (יהוה): and Aharon shall bear the judgment of the benai Yisrael upon his heart before YHWH (יהוה) continually.

28:31(iii) And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all [of] blue.

28:32 And there shall be an hole in the top of it, in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of an habergeon, that it be not rent.

28:33 And [beneath] upon the hem of it thou shalt make pomegranates [of] blue, and [of] purple, and [of] scarlet, round about the hem thereof; and bells of gold between them round about:

28:34 A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about.

28:35 And it shall be upon Aharon to minister: and his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the kadosh [place] before YHWH (יהוה), and when he cometh out, that he die not.

28:36 And thou shalt make a plate [of] pure gold, and grave upon it, [like] the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO YHWH (יהוה).

28:37 And thou shalt put it on a blue lace, that it may be upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be.

28:38 And it shall be upon Aharon's forehead, that Aharon may bear the iniquity of the kadosh things, which the benai Yisrael shall hallow in all their kadosh gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before YHWH (יהוה).

28:39 And thou shalt embroider the coat of fine linen, and thou shalt make the mitre [of] fine linen, and thou shalt make the girdle [of] needlework.

28:40 And for Aharon's banim thou shalt make coats, and thou shalt make for them girdles, and bonnets shalt thou make for them, for Kavod and for beauty.

28:41 And thou shalt put them upon Aharon thy brother, and his banim with him; and shalt anoint them, and consecrate them, and sanctify them, that they may minister unto me in the Kohen's office.

28:42 And thou shalt make them linen breeches to cover their nakedness; from the loins even unto the thighs they shall reach:

28:43 And they shall be upon Aharon, and upon his banim, when they come in unto the Ohel Moed (tent of meeting), or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the kadosh [place]; that they bear not iniquity, and die: [it shall be] a statute for ever unto him and his seed after him.

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Temple Institute: Priestly Garment

Familiar with Jewish Garment for religious occasion and usual garments

A Atarah

B Bedikah cloth

E  Ephod

F  Frock coat

G  Gartel

H Headscarf

K Kashket

S Sheitel

T Tallit

U Urim and Thummim

W Wig