Torah Mosheh 2:

Shemot /  שׁמות

Exodus Chapter 34

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Moshe Second Sets of Tables

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34:1(v) And Adonai said to Mosheh:
Vayomer Adonai el-Mosheh:Pesal-lekha shenei-lukhot avanim karishonim vekhatavti al-halukhot et-hadevarim asher hayu al-halukhot harishonim asher shibarta:
"Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I will write on these tablets the words that were on the first tablets which you broke.
34:2 And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai (סיני), and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount.
34:3 And no man shall come up with you, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount.
34:4 And he pesal shenei lukhot avanim like to ha rishon; and Mosheh rose up early in the morning, and went up to mount Sinai (סיני), as Adonai  had commanded him, and took in his hand the shenei lukhot avanim.

Hashem Reveals the Attributes of His Mercy
34:5 And Adonai descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the Name of Adonai.
34:6 And Adonai passed by before him, and proclaimed, Adonai, Adonai Elohim (אלהים), merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,
34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, to the third and to the fourth [generation].
34:8 And Mosheh made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped.
34:9 And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O Adonay, let my Adonay, I pray you, go among us; for it [is] am kesheh oref (stiffnecked people); and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance.
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34:10 (vi) And he said: Hinei, I make a Brit: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which you [art] shall see the work of Adonai: for it [is] a terrible thing that I will do with you.
34:11 Shomer you that which I command you this day: hinei, I drive out before you the Amorite, and the Kenaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Yevusite.
34:12 Take heed to thyself, lest you make a brit with the inhabitants of the land whither you goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee:
34:13 But you shall destroy their mizbeach (altar), break their images, and cut down their groves:
34:14 For you shall worship no other el (god): for Adonai, whose name [is] Jealous, [is] a EL Kana:
34:15 Lest you make a brit with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do zevach (sacrifice) to their gods, and [one] call you, and you eat of his zevach (sacrifice);
34:16 And you take of their daughters to thy ben, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy ben go a whoring after their gods.
34:17 You shall make you no molten gods.
34:18 The Chag Matzah shall you keep.
Seven days you shall eat Matzah, as I commanded you, in the time of the month Aviv: for in the month Aviv you camest out from Mitzrayim.
34:19 All that open the matrix [is] mine; and every firstling among thy cattle, [whether] ox or sheep, [that is male].
34:20 But the firstling of an ass you shall redeem with a lamb: and if you redeem [him] not, then shall you break his neck. All the bachor of thy ben you shall redeem. And none shall appear before me empty.
34:21 Six days you shall work, but on the yom hashevi'i (7th day) you shall rest: in earing time and in harvest you shall rest.
34:22 And you shall Shomer the Chag Shavuot (weeks), of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.
34:23 Three times a year shall all your men children appear before Adonai ELOHIM (אלהים), the Elohim of Yisrael.
34:24 For I will cast out the nations before you, and enlarge thy borders: neither shall any man desire thy land, when you shall go up to appear before Adonai your Elohim thrice in the year.
34:25 You shall not offer the blood of My zevach (sacrifice) with chametz (leaven); neither shall the zevach (sacrifice) of the feast of the Pesach be left to the morning.
34:26 רֵאשִית בִּכּוּרֵי אַדְמָתְךָ תָּבִיא בֵּית יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָלֹא-תְבַשֵּל גְּדִי בַּחֲלֵב אִמּוֹ׃

Reshit bikkurei admatecha tavi beit Adonai Eloheicha lo-tevashel gedi bachalev imo.

The head of  first-fruits of your land you shall bring to the house of Adonai Eloheicha. You shall not seethe a kid in its mother's milk.

Renewal of the Brit

1st Portion | 2nd Portion | 3rd Portion | 4th Portion | 5th Portion | 6th Portion | 7th Portion | Maftir | Tehillim 75
34:27 (vii)
And Adonai  said to Mosheh:
Write you these devar:


*34:28 And he was there with Adonai  forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the devar of the brit, the ten mitzvot.
34:29

 וַיְהִי בְּרֶדֶת מֹשֶה מֵהַר סִינַי וּשְנֵי לֻחֹת הָעֵדֻתבְּיַד-מֹשֶה בְּרִדְתּוֹ מִן-הָהָר וּמֹשֶה לֹא-יָדַע כִּי קָרַןעוֹר פָּנָיו בְּדַבְּרוֹ אִתּוֹ׃

Vayhi, beredet Mosheh mehar Sinai, ushenei luchot ha'edut beyad-Mosheh, beridto min-hahar; uMosheh lo-yada', ki karan or panav bedabero ito.

And it came to be, when Mosheh came down from Mount Sinai, while the two tablets of the Witness were in Mosheh’s hand when he came down from the mountain, that Mosheh did not know that the skin of his face shone since he had spoken with Him.
34:30 And when Aharon and all Benai Yisrael saw Mosheh, hinei, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him.
34:31 And Mosheh called to them; and Aharon and all the rulers of the congregation returned to him: and Moshe talked with them.
34:32 And afterward all Benai Yisrael came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that Adonai had spoken with him in mount Sinai (סיני).
1st Portion | 2nd Portion | 3rd Portion | 4th Portion | 5th Portion | 6th Portion | 7th Portion | Maftir | Tehillim 75
34:33 (Maftir)
And [till] Mosheh had done speaking with them, he put a Poreket (vail, curtain) on his face.
34:34 But whenever Mosheh went in before Adonai to speak with Him, he would take off the veil , until he came out. And whenever he came out, and spoke to Benai Yisrael what he was commanded.
34:35 And Benai Yisrael saw the face of Mosheh, that the skin of Mosheh' face shone: and Mosheh put the Poreket (vail, curtain) upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.
Haftarah  :Melekhim Alef 18:1-39 (A); 18:20-30 (S)
Brit Hadshah   : 新约
Loukas 11:14-20; Acts 7:35-8:1; 1 Korintos 10:1-13; 2 Korintos 3:1-18


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What and who is the Resit?

In Reference shemot 34:26 Jewish community

וְאִם־הַתְּרוּמָה קֹדֶשׁ הָעִסָּה קֹדֶשׁ כָּמוֹהָ וְאִם־הַשֹּׁרֶשׁ קֹדֶשׁ הָעֲנָפִים קֹדֶשׁ כָּמוֹהוּ׃

Ve'im-haterumah kodesh ha'isah kodesh kamoha ve'im-hashoresh kodesh ha'anafim kodesh kamohu. Romans 11:16 Rav Shaul's letter

Now if the first-fruit is set-apart, the lump (whole community) is also. And if the root is set-apart, so are the branches.

The small group being Set apart in their walk will determine  or influence, or have impact on the whole community - later becomes set apart

You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk

In the 1950s, a guy named Ras Shamra unearthed tablets which may describe a Ugaritic pagan ritual of a kid being cooked in milk.It now is known, however, that boiling a kid in milk to appease certain deities was a common Canaanite ritual. A Ugaritic text says: “Over the fire seven times the sacrificers cook a kid in milk...” see the report

Mixtures of milk and meat (Hebrew: בשר בחלב‎‎, basar bechalav, literally "meat in milk") are prohibited according to Jewish law.
This dietary law, basic to kashrut, is based on two verses in the sefer Shemot 23:19 and Shemot 34:26, which forbid "boiling a (kid) goat in its mother's milk" and a third repetition of this prohibition in Devarim 14:21.

According to the Talmud, these three almost identical references are the basis for three distinct dietary laws:

  • the prohibition against cooking a mixture of milk and meat
  • the prohibition against eating a cooked mixture of milk and meat
  • the prohibition against deriving any benefit from a cooked mixture of milk and meat.

    Rambam has divided this statement into two separate mitzvot; namely, the cooking of a kid in its own mother’s milk (n186) and the eating of a kid that was cooked in its own mother’s milk (n187). To kill the nursing kid and then to cook the kid in its own mother’s milk is to turn the only symbol of life that the animal knows (i.e. the mother’s milk) into the mechanism of death for the animal.  Life, therefore, becomes synonymous with death.  By cooking a kid in its own mother’s milk one would be “mixing” life and death. Generally, therefore, that would be the application of these mitzvot – that we may not mix life and death.