Ketuvim: כתובים / Hagiographa / Writings

Tehillim / תהלים

Psalms Chapter 8

Book 1 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41,

Book 2 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72,

Book 3 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89,

Book 4 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101 , 102, 103, 104, 105, 106,

Book 5 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150

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For the choir director; on the Gittit (winepress). A Psalm of David.

למנצח על־הגתית מזמור לדוד׃

Lamnatzeakh al-hagitit mizmor le David:

Elohim's glory and Man's honour

8:1 יהוה אדנינו מה־אדיר שׁמך בכל־הארץ אשׁר תנה הודך על־השׁמים׃

YEHOVAH Adoneinu mah-adir shimkha bekhol-haaretz asher tenah hodkha al-hashamayim:

O YEHOVAH our Master. How excellent is Your Name in all the earth! Who have set Your glory above the heaven!

8:2 מפי עוללים וינקים יסדת עז למען צורריך להשׁבית אויב ומתנקם׃

Mipi ollim veyonkim yisadta oz lemaan tzorreikha lehashbit oyev umitnakem:

Out of the mouth of babies and infants you have established strength because of Your adversaries, to still the adversaries and the avenger.

8:3 כי־אראה שׁמיך מעשׂי אצבעתיך ירח וכוכבים אשׁר כוננתה׃

Ki-ereh shameikha maasei etzbeoteikha yareakh vekhokhavim asher konanta:

For I see Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, The moon and the stars, which You have established.

8:4 מה־אנושׁ כי־תזכרנו ובן־אדם כי תפקדנו׃

 Mah-enosh ki-tizkerenu uven-adam ki tifkedenu:

What is man that You are mindful of him, And the son of man that You visit him?

8:5 ותחסרהו מעט מאלהים וכבוד והדר תעטרהו׃

Vatekhasrehu meat meelohim vekhavod vehadar teatrehu:

Yet You have made him a little less than Elohim, And You crown him with glory and majesty!

8:6 תמשׁילהו במעשׂי ידיך כל שׁתה תחת־רגליו׃

Tamshilehu bemaasei yadeikha kol shata takhat-raglav:

You have made him to have dominion over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet,

 

8:7 צנה ואלפים כלם וגם בהמות שׂדי׃

Tzoneh vaalafim kulam vegam bahamot sadai:

All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field;

8:8 צפור שׁמים ודגי הים עבר ארחות ימים׃

Tzipor shamayim udegei hayam over arkhot yamim:

The birds of the air, And the fish of the sea That pass through the paths of the seas.

8:9 יהוה אדנינו מה־אדיר שׁמך בכל־הארץ׃

YEHOVAH Adoneinu mah-adirshimkha bekhol-haaretz:

O YEHOVAH  our Master. How excellent is Your Name in all the earth!


Book 1 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41,

Book 2 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72,

Book 3 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89,

Book 4 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101 , 102, 103, 104, 105, 106,

Book 5 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150

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A musical instrument This word is found in the titles of Ps. 8, 81, 84. In these places the LXX. render the word by “on the wine-fats.” The word is explained by Gesenius ("Thesaurus," s. v. ) as meaning "striking instrument," but it is now generally held to denote a zither. Rashi, following the Targum, derives the name from "Gath"; it would then mean "fabricated by the people of Gath." He also quotes a Talmudic saying that "Gittith" is an allusion to Edom, which will be trodden down like a wine press and combats this view by arguing that the context of the chapter has nothing to do with Edom. Ibn Ezra explains the name "Gittith" as referring to the fact that the above-mentioned psalms were composed for the sake of the descendants of Obed-edom the Gittite, who was a Levite. The interpretation (also found in the Septuagint) that "Gittith" means "to be sung to the tune of the wine-presses".