Ketuvim: כתובים / Hagiographa / Writings

Tehillim / תהלים

Psalms Chapter 53

Book 1
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41,
Book 2

42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72,
Book 3

73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89,
Book 4

90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101 , 102, 103, 104, 105, 106,
Book 5

107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150
Go to Index Page
53:1

David received a revelation of Elohim’s view of the human race:

The Folly of Atheism

To the chief Musican upon Mahalath,

Maschil, A Psalm of David

לַמְנַצֵּ֥חַ עַֽל־מָחֲלַ֗ת מַשְׂכִּ֥יל לְדָוִֽד׃

Lamnatseakh al-makhalat maskil leDavid:

Alternatively, it means “affliction”.
Alluding prophetically to the destruction of the Land and the Temple this psalm also assures Yisrael’s eventual restoration.
This psalms also discusess the afflication that will be brought about by the Temple’s destruction (Rashi)

(53:2) אָ֘מַ֤ר נָבָ֣ל בְּ֭לִבֹּו אֵ֣ין אֱלֹהִ֑ים הִֽ֝שְׁחִ֗יתוּ וְהִֽתְעִ֥יבוּ עָ֝֗וֶל אֵ֣ין עֹֽשֵׂה־טֹֽוב׃
Amar naval belibo ein Elohim hishkhitu vehitivu avel ein oseh-tov:

The fool has said in his heart,"There is no Elohim."

They are corrupt, and have done abominable iniquity;

There is none who does good.


53:2 (53:3) אֱֽלֹהִ֗ים מִשָּׁמַיִם֮ הִשְׁקִ֪יף עַֽל־בְּנֵ֫י אָדָ֥ם לִ֭רְאֹות הֲיֵ֣שׁ מַשְׂכִּ֑יל דֹּ֝רֵ֗שׁ אֶת־אֱלֹהִֽים׃
Elohim mishamayim hishkif al-benei adam lirot hayesh maskil doresh et-Elohim:
 Elohim looks down from heaven upon the children of men, To see if there are any who understand, who seek Elohim.
53:3 (53:4)  כֻּלֹּ֥ו סָג֮ יַחְדָּ֪ו נֶ֫אֱלָ֥חוּ אֵ֤ין עֹֽשֵׂה־טֹ֑וב אֵ֝֗ין גַּמ־אֶחָֽד׃
Kulo sag yakhdav neelakhu ein oseh-tov ein gam-echad:
Every one of them has turned aside; They have together become corrupt; There is none who does good, No, not one.
53:4 (53:5) הֲלֹ֥א יָדְעוּ֮ פֹּ֤עֲלֵ֫י אָ֥וֶן אֹכְלֵ֣י עַ֭מִּי אָ֣כְלוּ לֶ֑חֶם אֱ֝לֹהִ֗ים לֹ֣א קָרָֽאוּ׃
Halo yadu poalei aven okhlei ami akhlu lechem Elohim lo karau:
Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge, Who eat up My people as they eat bread, And do not call upon Elohim?
53:5 (53:6) שָׁ֤ם׀ פָּֽחֲדוּ־פַחַד֮ לֹא־הָ֪יָה֫ פָ֥חַד כִּֽי־אֱלֹהִ֗ים פִּ֭זַּר עַצְמֹ֣ות חֹנָ֑ךְ הֱ֝בִשֹׁ֗תָה כִּֽי־אֱלֹהִ֥ים מְאָסָֽם׃ 
Sham pakhadu-fakhad lo-hayah fakhad ki-Elohim pizar atzmot khonakh hevishotah ki-Elohim measam:
There they are in great fear Where no fear was, For Elohim has scattered the bones of him who encamps against you; You have put them to shame, Because Elohim has despised them.
53:6 (53:7) מי יתן מציון ישׁעות ישׂראל בשׁוב אלהים שׁבות עמו יגל יעקב ישׂמח ישׂראל׃
Mi-yiten miTziyon yeshuot Yisrael beshuv Elohim shevut amo yagel Yaakov yismakh Yisrael:

Oh, that the salvation of Yisrael would come out of Tzyon! When Elohim brings back the captivity of His people, Let Yaakov rejoice and Yisrael be glad.



Book 1
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41,
Book 2
42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72,
Book 3
73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89,
Book 4
90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101 , 102, 103, 104, 105, 106,
Book 5
107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150
Go to Index Page

In both recensions of the Tehillim the name of Elohim occurs seven times. In Tehillim 14:1-7 it reads three times Elohim and four times Yahve; in the Tehillim before us it is all seven times Elohim, which in this instance is a proper name of equal dignity with the name Yahve.

The picture of YHWH looking down from heaven draws attention to his sovereignty over the world.
to see if there were any that did understand; the Targum is, "that were understanding" in the Torah; it doubtless means understanding in divine and spiritual things;

53:2.....The fool hath said in his heart, there is no Elohim,.... The Targum adds, "of whom is revenge"; or there is no Elohim to punish and avenge the wicked; ......corrupt are they; the Chaldee paraphrase is, "the wicked have corrupted their ways"; as all flesh had done in the old world, Beresheet 6:12;

VS 5 (6) ...scattering bones. One common image of utter defeat and hopelessness is the battlefield covered with the scattered, bleached bones of the slain. The Assyrian annals of Shalmaneser III report the destruction of their foes, with “pillars of skulls” erected and battle sites covered with corpses. Read more about "Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III"

Maskil found in follow 13 chapters= 32; 42, 44; 45, 52, 53; 54, 55, 74, 78, 88, 89, 142,

Maskil (Hebrew: מַשְׂכִּיל‎, plural maskilim) The word "maskil," with the meaning of "scholar" or "enlightened man," is an identifiers for individuals and ideas of the Haskalah movement,