Living by the Torah of

Decision and a responsibility

Torah ha Korbanot

         

FIVE KEY OFFERINGS THE ISRAELITES MADE TO YHWH OF YISRAEL

 grapevine.gif

THE VAYIKRA (levitical) OFFERING ( Lev chp 1-7) :

Sin is expensive and if you break His Torah, you are going to pay for it!

 

*BURNT OFFERING Olah / Olot (pl)

ASCENDING / GO UP IN SMOKE

MEAL / GRAIN / FELLOWSHP / MINCHAH

GIFTS

*PEACE OFFERING
Zevach SHELAMIN

SIN OFFERING / CHATTAT

ASHAM / TRESSPAS OFFERING

Ignorance is no excuse of sinning

Scripture Reference

Chapter 1 6:8-13; Ephesios 5:25-27(wash by the word); Romans 12:1 (purity, acceptable)

Chapter 2; 6:14-18; 1 Cor 11:24; Jn 6:35; 1 Cor 11:25

Chapter 3; 7:11-21, 28-34

Chapter 4; 6:24-30; Heb 6:4; Matt 7:13-23;

Chapter 5; 7:1-7, 6:1-7; Matt 5:23,24

Type and Obligations

Blood (covenantal relationship between Adonay and man)

Bloodless

Blood

Blood

Blood

Freewill; Sweet  or fragrant Aroma, continual Olah, covenantal, purity; commitment, heart change teshuvah, by faith, obedience

Freewill; Sweet  or fragrant Aroma commitment; salt covenant  Willingess heart, speak to the rock, fellowship, communion, by faith, obedience, as though not sin (unleaven)

Freewill; Sweet  or fragrant Aroma rejoice in all His blessing;  heart change teshuvah, by faith, obedience

Mandatory; Non-sweet aroma; how to receive forgiveness and set thing right to the original state;  heart change teshuvah, by faith, obedience

Mandatory; Non-sweet aroma; how to receive forgiveness and set thing right to the original state; heart change teshuvah, by faith, obedience

Consisted of

According to weatlh

  1. Bull without blemish (1:3-9)
  2. Male sheep or goat without blemish (1:10-13)
  3. Turtledoves or young pigeon (1:14-17)

Three types

  1. Fine flour mixed with shemen (oil) and frankincense (2:1-3)
  2. Matzot challahor Matzot wafers made of fine flour mixed with shemen and baked in an oven (vs 7), in a pan or in a covered pan(vs7)
  3. Bikkurim Aviv of corn dried to be roasted grain mixed with oil and frankincense (vs 14,15)

According to weatlh

  1. From the herd (bull) a male or a female without blemish (3:1-15)
  2. From the flock, a male, a female without blemish (3:6-11)
  3. From the goats (3:12-17)
  1. For *Kohen ha Gadol - a bull without blemish
  2. For congregation a bull without blemish
  3. For *ruler (נשׂיא), a male, a goat without blemish
  4. For a commoner, a female goat or female lamb without blemish (Milk producer a valuable source of income affect due to his sin)
  5. In cases of extreme poverty, fine flour could be substituted - Yeshua  our substituted lamb -Yochanan 1:29
  1. If the offense were against Adonay, a ram without blemish was to be brought, restitution was reckoned according to the kohen's estimate of the value of the trespass, plus one fifth
  2. If the offense were against man, a ram without blemish was to be brought; restitution was reckoned according to the value plus one fifth

Purpose

  1. To propitiate for sin in general (1;4)
  2. Symbolize a commitment to Hashem, covenantal relationship with Adonay n man and forgiveness

In general the Minchah accompanied all the Olot; it signified one's homage and thanksgiving to Elohim.

Minchah somewhat like a communion with its associated libation is a symbol of the Passover table with ha Matzot and its four cups of wine. Type of communal meal of the renewed covenant

It is symbolizes the righeousness of Moshiach and the believer is to emulate His character which is demonstrated by obedience and set apart lifestyle.

No Leaven - Leaven symbolic of sinful behavior

Zevach Shelamim was not an offering of expiation for a specific sin that a person had committed nor it was use to take away sins.

  1. To recognised the general blessing of Adonay given to a specific individual eg recovery from illness, victory over one's enemies or some other transition of life
  2. To focus on a person's need for Adonay's blessing in a time when Adonay's blessing appears to lacking in their life, eg Job in his time of trouble
  3. Allow the individual offering the sacrifice to testify about the greatness of Adonay to his friends and family

This Chattat is use to atone for sins committed shegagah (unknowingly, ignorance, mistake), especially where no resititution was possible

Note: Badmibar 15:30, 31. Regarding wilful sins of defiance (the high hand, upraise) for there is no remission

Adonay is willing to forgive those who are repent, broken heart, willing to follow him - no giving excuse that I cannot be change.

To atone for sins committed unknowingly; especially where restitution was possible. Both Chattat and asham were an offering of expiation.

  • Sins that were against the property of Adonay tithe, special offerings, the firstborn, all voluntary dedications of Adonay.
  • Sins that were against the property of others (6:1-7) included theft, illegal possesion of items borrowed, delivered for safekeeping, unauthorized usage.
  • The difference is that Asham offered when restitution was involved after repentance from sin.

Hashem's portion

Entirely burned on the altar of olah; except the skin

As an azakrah memorial, remembrance Mention 3 times, Most Kadosh (Set apart holy)

Chelev (fatty) portion burnt on the altar of Olah

  1. Fatty portions to be burned on the altar of Olah
  2. When the Chattat was the for Kohen ha Gadol or congregation, the remainder of the bull was to be burned outside the camp

Chelev (fatty) portions to be burned on the altar of Olah

Kohen's Portion

The skin only

Remainder to be eaten in the court of the Mishkan(Tabernacle)(2:3, 10; 6:16-18; 7:14, 15)

Breast (wave offering) and right thigh (heave offering; 7:30-34)

When the chattat was for a ruler or commoner, the remainder of the goat or lamb was to be eaten in the mishkan (tabernacle) court (6:26)

Remainder to be eaten in a Kadosh place (7:8,7)

Offerer's portion

None

None

Offer get the share. Remainder to be eaten in the court by the offerer and his family

  • Thanks offering to be eaten the same day (7:15)
  • Votive and free will offering to be eaten the first and second day (7:16,18)

None

None

Messianic significant

Signifies complete dedication of life to YHWH

Signifies the perfect humanity of Moshiach

  • The absence of leaven typifies the sinlessness of Moshiach (Heb 14:15; 1 Yochanan 3:5)
  • The Presence of oil is emblematic of the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) (Luke 4:18; 1 Yochanan 2:20, 27)

Foreshadow the shalom which the believer has with Elohim through Yeshua Ha Moshiach (Rom 5:1 Col 1:20)

Note: This is the only offering in which the offerer shared.

Prefigures the fact that in Moshiach's death

  • Moshiach was made sin for us (2 Cor 5:21);
  • Moshiach suffered outside the gates of Yerushalayim (Heb 13:11-13)

Foreshadows the fact that Moshiach is also our trespass offering (Col 2:13)

Notes and observation

In Judaism it is structured liturgical recitation of psalms and prayer were part of the whole sacrificial rite.

Did a study on cardinal positioning of the Olah which potray the activities of the redemption work Yeshua and His manner suffering and His accomplishment. see chapter 1 also good to read Hebrews chapter 9 and Chapters 10 Yeshua is the better sacrifice

  • Shemin (oil)mixed fine flour meaning Fellowship, oil represent Ruach HaKodesh
  • No oil or frankincense or minchah, no leaven, no honey on following verse Vayikra 2:11, 13; 5:11; 6:17; Num 5:15
  • This reminds me that Yeshua said "Do this in remembrance of Me" Loukas 22:19; 1 Korintos 11:24-25
  • Bloodless because Yeshua only die once for all no hitting the rock twice

Instruction was given that All fats and blood belongs to Hashem, and we are not consume fats and blood - 3:17

  • Yeshua sinless Kohen (Ivrim [Hebrews] 4:14-15)
  • Yeshua the one man die for the people - Yochanan [John] 18:13-14
  • Why Male goat for Ruler? (Nasi) seems to represent the leadership’s half of the two goat sacrifice; the other half or the other goat perhaps representing the people’s sin.
  • Yeshua  our substituted lamb -Yochanan 1:29

Trespass offering is offer when the person did not know what was the exact reason of sin, eg Job, he will first offered the Asham just in case he may have offended some one however later if he discovered that it was really a sin and offense committed then he has to offer the sin offering.

Continue to read on other chapter of Vayikra

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10, 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27

Go to Index page