Torah Mosheh 3:

Vayikra / ויקרא

Leviticus Chapter 6

continue.. 5:14 - 6:7 Trespass / Asham

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The Trespass Offering

6:1 (5:20)

And Adonai  spoke to Mosheh, saying:

6:2 (5:21) If a nefesh (person) sin, and commit a trespass against Adonai (יהוה), and lie to his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or has deceived his neighbour;

6:3 (5:22) Or have found that which was lost, and lies concerning it, and swears falsely; in any of all these that a man does, sinning therein:

6:4 (5:23) Then it shall be, because he has sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he has deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found,

Saying sorry/ remorse is not enough:

Making restitution and add 1/5

Remorse anigray05_next.gif Repentance anigray05_next.gif Restitution anigray05_next.gif Restoration

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6:5(5:24) (Maftir)

Or all that about which he has sworn falsely; he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, [and] give it to him to whom it appertains, in the day of his Asham (guilt offering).

6:6(5:25) And he shall bring his Asham to Adonai (יהוה), a ram without blemish out of the flock, with your estimation, for a Asham, to the Kohen:

6:7(5:26) And the Kohen shall make an atonement for him before Adonai (יהוה): and it shall be forgiven him for any thing of all that he has done in trespassing therein.

Haftarah Yeshayahu 43:21- 44:23; Tehillim 50

Brit Hadashah Romans 8:1-13; Hebrews 10:1-14; 13:10-16

Parashah 25: Tzav (give an order) Torah of the offering 6:1 (8)- 8:36

6:8(1)(i) [Burn Offering - Olah]

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Vaye daber Adonai el-Moshe lemor:

6:9(2)

Tzav et-Aharon veet-banav lemor zot Torat ha Olah hiv ha olah al mokda al-hamizbeakh kol-halailah ad-haboker veesh hamizbeakh tukad bo:

Command Aharon and his sons, saying:

This is Torat of the Olah (burnt offering):

It is burnt offering, because of the burning upon the altar all night to the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be burning in it.

6:10(3) And the Kohen shall put on his linen Tunic, and his linen breeches shall he put upon his flesh, and take up the ashes which the fire has consumed with the Olah on the altar, and he shall put them beside the altar.

6:11(4) And he shall put off his garments, put on other garments, and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place.

6:12(5) And the fire upon the altar shall be burning in it; it shall not be put out: and the Kohen shall burn wood on it every morning, and lay the Olah in order upon it; and he shall burn thereon the chelev of HaShelamim offerings.(peace)

6:13(6) The fire shall always be burning on the altar; it shall never go out.

6:14(7) [Minchah]

And this is the Torah of the Minchah: the sons of Aharon shall offer it before Adonai (יהוה), before the altar.

6:15(8) And he shall take from it his handful of the fine flour of the Minchah, with its Olive oil, and all the frankincense which is on the Minchah, and shall burn it on the altar for a sweet aroma, as a memorial to Adonai (יהוה).

6:16(9) And the remainder thereof shall Aharon and his sons eat: with Matzah shall it be eaten in the makom Kadosh; in the court of the Ohel Moed (tent of meeting) they shall eat it.

6:17(10) It shall not be baken with leaven. I have given it [to them for] their portion of my offerings made by fire; it [is] most Kadosh, as [is] the Chatat , and as the Asham.

6:18(11) All the males among the benai Aharon shall eat of it. [It shall be] a statute forever in your generations concerning the offerings of Adonai (יהוה) made by fire: every one that touches them shall be Kadosh.

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6:19(12)(ii)

And Adonai spoke to Mosheh, saying,

hxnm  Minchah (Meat / grain offering)

6:20(13) This [is] the offering of Aharon and of his sons, which they shall offer to Adonai (יהוה) in the day when he is anointed; the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a Minchah perpetual, half of it in the morning, and half thereof at night.

6:21(14) In a pan it shall be made with olive oil; [and when it is] baken, you shall bring it in: [and] the baken pieces of the Minchah shall you offer [for] a sweet savour to Adonai (יהוה).

6:22(15) And the Kohen of his sons that is anointed in his stead shall offer it: [it is] a statute for ever to Adonai (יהוה); it shall be wholly olah.

6:23(16) For every Minchah for the Kohen shall be wholly olah: it shall not be eaten.

6:24(17) [Sin Offering - Chatat]

And Adonai spoke to Mosheh, saying:

6:25(18) Speak to Aharon and to his sons, saying:

This is the Torah of the Chatat (sin offering):

In the place where the Olah is killed shall the Chatat be killed before Adonai (יהוה): it [is] most Kadosh.

6:26(19) The Kohen that offers it for sin shall eat it: in the makom Kadosh shall it be eaten, in the court of the Ohel Moed (tent of meeting).

6:27(20) Anyone shall touch the flesh thereof shall be Kadosh: and when there is sprinkled of the blood thereof upon any garment, you shall wash that whereon it was sprinkled in the makom Kadosh.

[Koshering]

6:28(21) But the earthen vessel wherein it is boiled shall be broken: and if it be boiled in a bronze vessel, it shall be both purged, and rinsed in water.

6:29(22) All the males among the Kohenim shall eat thereof: it [is] most Kadosh.

6:30(23) And no Chatat, whereof [any] of the blood is brought into the Ohel Moed (tent of meeting) to reconcile [withal] in the Kadosh [place], shall be eaten: it shall be Olah in the fire.

[For the Kohen hagadol brings the blood of animals into the Holiest Place as a sin offering, but their bodies are burned outside the camp]


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ֹעָלה

Olah: A feminine noun meaning a whole burnt offering, that which goes up found in Leviticus 1; Vayikra 6:9-10 [2-3], Vayikra 6:12 [5]).

-  noun is a feminine participial form of the verb meaning to go up, to ascend.

-  total burning of the sacrifice, voluntary . being sacrificed as a gift to Elohim, indicates the total consecration of the presenter to Adonay ascending to Elohim as smoke from the altar (Vayikra 1:9) The sacrifice was a pleasing odor acceptable to Adonay (Vayikra 1:9).

- presenting the animal laid hands on the sacrifice-possibly to indicate ownership or to indicate that the animal was a substitute for themselves (Vayikra 1:4).

- blood of the sacrifice was sprinkled against the altar (Vayikra 1:6).  ritual properly carried out atoned for the offerers,  became acceptable before Adonay.

- animals that could be offered were bulls, sheep, rams, or male birds (Vayikra 1:3, Vayikra 1:10, Vayikra 1:14).

- ashes of the offering remained on the altar overnight.

- kohen removed them and deposited them in an approved location (Vayikra 6:9-10 [2-3]).

The burnt offerings were presented often in conjunction with the peace and grain offerings (Yehoshua 8:31; Sofrim 6:26; Melekhim Alef 3:4; Melekhim alef 8:64). The burnt offerings, along with other offerings, were employed in the various feasts, festivals, and celebrations recorded in the prophetic books. Often, however, the burnt offerings were condemned as useless because the Israelites didn't have their hearts right before Elohim (Yirmeyahu 6:20; Jer_7:21).

Ezekiel foresaw renewed burnt offerings in a new Temple (Yechezkiel 40:38-39). When Israel returned from exile, burnt offerings, along with others, were once again presented to Adonay (Ezra 3:2; Ezra 8:35). David's observation was correct and to the point, for he noted that whole burnt offerings did not satisfy or delight Adonay. Only an offering of a broken spirit and humble heart could do that (Tehillim 51:16 [18]). Only then could acceptable sacrifices be given to Adonay (Tehillim 51:19 [21]; Tehillim 66:13).

 

Adonai (יהוה) mention 14 times

The fact that the tastes particles of the Chatat remain forever embedded in the earthen vessel cannot be use again had to be broken and discarded. This rule applies not only to Chatat but to all offerings. This reminds me that when I saw so many earth vessel at the Qumran that will only be use only once