Neviim Akharonim:

Yeshayahu / ישׁעיהוּ

Yeshayahu Chapter 9

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66

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The Government of the Promised Son

(Yeshayahu 11:1-9)

9:1 (23) כי לא מועף לאשׁר מוצק לה כעת הראשׁון הקל ארצה זבלון וארצה נפתלי והאחרון הכביד דרך הים עבר הירדן גליל הגוים׃

Ki lo muaf laasher mutzak lah kaet harishon hekal artzah Zevulun veartza Naftali vehaakharon hikhbid derekh hayam ever haYarden Galil haGoyim:

But there will be no more gloom for her who was in distressed, As when at first He lightly afflicted the Artzah (land ארצה) Zevulun and the Artzah ( ארצה) Naftali, and afterward did more grievously oppressed her, By the way of the sea, beyond Yarden, in Galil the nation.

9:2 (1) העם ההלכים בחשׁך ראו אור גדול ישׁבי בארץ צלמות אור נגה עליהם׃

Haam haholkhim bakhoshekh rau or gadol yoshvei beeretz tzalmavet or naga aleihem:

The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light; Those who dwelt in the land of the shadow of death, Upon them a light has shined.

9:3 (2) הרבית הגוי לא הגדלת השׂמחה שׂמחו לפניך כשׂמחת בקציר כאשׁר יגילו בחלקם שׁלל׃

Hirbita hagoi lo higdalta hasimkha samkhu lefaneikha ke simkhat bakatzir kaasher yagilu bekhalkam shalal:

You have multiplied the nation, You have increased its joy: They will be rejoice before your presence, as according to the joy in harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil.

9:4 (3) כי את־על סבלו ואת מטה שׁכמו שׁבט הנגשׂ בו החתת כיום מדין׃

Ki et-ol subolo veet mateh shikhmo shevet hanoges bo hakhitota keyom Midyan:

For You have broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midyan.

9:5 (4) כי כל־סאון סאן ברעשׁ ושׂמלה מגוללה בדמים והיתה לשׂרפה מאכלת אשׁ׃

Ki khol-seon soen beraash vesimlah megolalah vedamim vehaitah lisrefah maakholet esh:

For every warrior's sandal from the noisy battle, And garments rolled in blood, Will be used for burning and fuel of fire.

9:6 (5) כי־ילד ילד־לנו בן נתן־לנו ותהי המשׂרה על־שׁכמו ויקרא שׁמו פלא יועץ אל גבור אביעד שׂר־שׁלום׃

Ki-yeled yulad-lanu Ben nitan-lanu vatehi hamisrah al-shikhmo vayikra shemo Pele Yoetz EL Gibor Avi-Ad Sar-Shalom:

For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His Name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty EL, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.  

9:7 (6) לםרבה המשׂרה ולשׁלום אין־קץ על־כסא דוד ועל־ממלכתו להכין אתה ולסעדה במשׁפט ובצדקה מעתה ועד־עולם קנאת יהוה צבאות תעשׂה־זאת׃

Lemarbeh hamisrah uleshalom ein-ketz al-kise David veal-mamlakhto lehakhin otah ulesaadah bemishpat uvitzdakah meatah vead-olam kinat YEHOVAH TZEVAOT taase-zot:

Of the increase of His government and peace; there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from that time forward even forever. The zeal of YEHOVAH Tzva'ot will perform this.

The Punishment of Shomron

9:8 (7) דבר שׁלח אדני ביעקב ונפל בישׂראל׃

Davar shalakh ADONAY beYaakov venafal beYisrael:

*YHWH (יהוה) sent a word against Ya'akov: And it has fallen on Yisrael.

9:9 (8) וידעו העם כלו אפרים ויושׁב שׁמרון בגאוה ובגדל לבב לאמר׃

Veyadu haam kulo Efrayim veyoshev Shomron begaah vauvegodel levav lemor:

And all the people shall know, [even] Efrayim and the inhabitant of Shomron, --Who say in the pride and arrogance of heart:

9:10 (9) לבנים נפלו וגזית נבנה שׁקמים גדעו וארזים נחליף׃

Levenim nafalu vegazit nivneh shikmim gudau vaarazim nakhalif:

The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the shikmah (sycomores שׁקמים) are cut down, but we will change [them into] cedars.

9:11 (10) וישׂגב יהוה את־צרי רצין עליו ואת־איביו יסכסך׃

Va ye sa gev YEHOVAH et-tza rei Retzin a lav ve et-oi vav ye sakh sekh:

Therefore YEHOVAH shall set up the adversaries of Retzin against him, and join his enemies together;

9:12 (11) ארם מקדם ופלשׁתים מאחור ויאכלו את־ישׂראל בכל־פה בכל־זאת לא־שׁב אפו ועוד ידו נטויה׃

Aram mikedem uPelishtim meakhor vayokhlu et-Yisrael bekhol-peh bekhol-zot lo-shav apo veod yado netuyah:

The Arameans before, and the P'lishtim behind; and they shall devour Yisrael with open mouth. For all this His anger is not turned away, but His hand is stretched out still.

9:13 (12) והעם לא־שׁב עד־המכהו ואת־יהוה צבאות לא דרשׁו׃

Vehaam lo-shav ad-hamakehu veet-YEHOVAH TZEVAOT lo darashu:

For the people do not turn to Him that strikes them, neither do they seek YEHOVAH Tzva'ot.

9:14 (13) ויכרת יהוה מישׂראל ראשׁ וזנב כפה ואגמון יום אחד׃

Vayakhret YEHOVAH miYisrael rosh vezanav kipah veagmon Yom Echad:

Therefore YEHOVAH will cut off head and tail from Yisrael,  palm branch and bulrush, in one day.

9:15 (14) זקן ונשׂוא־פנים הוא הראשׁ ונביא מורה־שׁקר הוא הזנב׃

Zaken uneshou-fanim hu harosh venavi moreh-sheker hu hazanav:

The Zaken (elder) and honourable, he is the head; and the prophet who teaches lies, he is the tail.

9:16 (15) ויהיו מאשׁרי העם־הזה מתעים ומאשׁריו מבלעים׃

Vayihyu meashrei haam-hazeh matim umeusharav mevulaim:

For the leaders of this people cause [them] to err; and [they that are] led of them [are] destroyed.

9:17 (16) על־כן על־בחוריו לא־ישׂמח אדני ואת־יתמיו ואת־אלמנתיו לא ירחם כי כלו חנף ומרע וכל־פה דבר נבלה בכל־זאת לא־שׁב אפו ועוד ידו נטויה׃

Al-ken al-bakhurav lo-yismakh ADONAY veet-yetomav veet-almenotav lo yerakhem ki khulo khanef umera vekhol-peh dover nevalah bekhol-zot lo-shav apo veod yado netuyah:

Therefore *YHWH (יהוה) shall have no joy in their young men, neither shall have mercy on their fatherless and widows: for every one is a hypocrite and an evildoer, and every mouth speaks folly. For all this His anger is not turned away, but His hand is stretched out still.

9:18 (17) כי־בערה כאשׁ רשׁעה שׁמיר ושׁית תאכל ותצת בסבכי היער ויתאבכו גאות עשׁן׃

Ki-vaarah khaesh rishah shamir vashayit tokhel vatitzat besivkhei hayaar vayitabkhu geut ashan:

For wickedness burns as the fire: it shall devour the thorns and wild growth of weeds, And shall kindle in the thickets of the forest, and they shall mount up like the lifting up of smoke.

9:19 (18) בעברת יהוה צבאות נעתם ארץ ויהי העם כמאכלת אשׁ אישׁ אל־אחיו לא יחמלו׃

Beevrat YEHOVAH TZEVAOT netam eretz vayehi haam kemaakholet esh ish el-akhiv lo yakhmolu:

Through the wrath of YEHOVAH Tzva'ot, the land is burned up and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall spare his brother.

9:20 (19) ויגזר על־ימין ורעב ויאכל על־שׂמאול ולא שׂבעו אישׁ בשׂר־זרעו יאכלו׃

Vayigzor al-yamin veraev vayokhal al-semovl velo saveu ish besar-zeroo yokhelu:

And he shall snatch on the right hand, and be hungry; and he shall eat on the left hand, and they shall not be satisfied: they shall eat every man the flesh of his own arm:

9:21 (20) מנשׁה את־אפרים ואפרים את־מנשׁה יחדו המה על־יהודה בכל־זאת לא־שׁב אפו ועוד ידו נטויה׃

Menasheh et-Efrayim veEfrayim et-Menasheh yakhdav hemah al-Yehudah bekhol-zot lo-shav apo veod yado netuyah:

Menasheh shall devour Efrayim; and Efrayim, Menasheh: Together  they shall be against Yehudah. For all this His anger is not turned away, but His hand is stretched out still.


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Rezin

rē´zin (רצין, recı̄n; Ῥαασσών, Rhaassṓn): The last of the kings of Arameans who reigned in Damascus (Melekhim Bet 15:37; Melekhim Bet 16:5-10; Yeshayahu 7:1; Yeshayahu 8:4-7). Alona with Pekah, the son of Remaliah, who reigned 20 years over Yisrael in Shomron, he joined in the Syro-Ephraimitic war against Ahaz, the king of Yehudah. Together they laid siege to Yerushalayim, but were unsuccessful in the effort to take it (Melekhim Bet 16:5; Yeshayahu 7:1).

It was to calm the fears, and to restore the fainting spirits of the men of Yehudah, that Yeshayahu was commissioned by the Adonay to assure them that the schemes of “these two tails of smoking firebrands” (Yeshayahu 7:4) were destined to miscarry.

It was then, too, that the sign was aiven of the vigin who should conceive, and bear a son, and should call His name Immanu'el.

Rezin had to content himself on this campaign to the South with the capture of Elath from the men of Yehudah and its restoration to the men of Edom, from whom it had been taken and made a seaport by Shlomo (Melekhim Bet 16:6, where it is agareed that “Syria” and “Syrians” should be read “Edom” and “Edomites,” which in the Hebrew script are easy to be mistaken for one another, and are in fact often mistaken).

Rezin, however, had a more formidable enemy to encounter on his return to Damascus. Ahaz, like kings of Yehudah before and after him, placed his reliance more on the arm of flesh than on the true King of his people, and appealed to Tiglath-pileser III, of Assyria, for help. Ahaz deliberately sacrificed the independence of his country in the terms of his offer of submission to the Assyrian: “I am thy servant and thy son” (Melekhim Bet 16:7).

http://prophetess.lstc.edu/~rklein/Documents/end.htm

Tiglath-Pileser III (from the Hebraic form[1] of Akkadian: Tukultī-apil-Ešarra, "my trust is in the son of Esharra") was a prominent king of Assyria in the 8th century BC (ruled 745–727 BC)[2][3] and is widely regarded as the founder of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.[4][5] He is considered to be one of the most successful military commanders in world history, conquering most of the world known to the ancient Assyrians before his death.

Tiglath-pileser had already carried his arms to the West and ravaged the northern border of Yisrael; and now he crossed the Euphrates and hastened to Damascus, slaying Rezin and carrying his people captive to Kir (Melekhim Bet 16:9). In the copious Annals of Tialath-pileser, Rezin figures with the designation Racunu(ni), but the tablet recording his death, found and read by Sir Henry Rawlinson, has been irrecoverably lost, and only the fact of its existence and loss remains (Schrader, COT, I, 252, 257). With the death of Rezin the kingdom of Damascus and Syria came to an end.

Rezin, Sons of: Mentioned among the Nethinim (Ezra 2:48), who returned to Yerushalayim with Zerubbabel from captivity (compare Nehemyah 7:50).