Neviim Akharonim:

YirmeYahu / ירמיה

Jeremiah Chapter 1

Theme: Warning and Judgment

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52

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Prophecies of judgment on Yehudah (1-45)

YirmeYahu' call and commission

Haftarah Shemot: Yeshayahu 27:6-28:13; 29:22-23 (A); Yirmeyahu 1:1-2:3 (S)

1:1 Divrei YirmeYahu (ירמיה) Ben Hilkiyahu (חלקיּה), of the Kohenim that [were] in Anatot (ענתות) in ha Eretz Benyamin:

1:2 To whom the Word of Adonai came in the days of YoshiYah Ben Amon melekh YeHuDah, in the thirteenth year of his reign.

1:3 It came also in the days of Y'hoYakim (יהויקים) Ben Yoshiyahu (יאשׁיּהוּ) melekh YeHuDah, to the end of the eleventh year of Tzidkiyahu (צדקיּהוּ) Ben YoshiYah melekh YeHuDah, to the carrying away of Yerushalayim (ירוּשׁלם) captive in the fifth month (Av).

1:4 Then Dvar Adonai came to me, saying,

1:5 Before I formed you in the belly I knew you; and before you camest forth out of the womb I sanctified you, [and] I ordained you a Navi to the goyim (nations).

1:6 Then I said, “Alas, Adonai Elohim! Look, I don’t know how to speak! For I’m still a boy!”

1:7 But Adonai said to me:

"Do not say, 'I am a youth,' For you shall go to all to whom I send you, And whatever I command you, you shall speak.

1:8 Be not afraid of their faces: for I [am] with you to deliver you, said Adonai.

1:9 Then Adonai put forth his Yad, and touched my mouth. And Adonai said to me, Hinei, I have put MY Divrei in your mouth.

1:10 See, I have this day set you over the goyim (nations) and over the mamlachot (kingdoms), to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant.

Hashem gave a Signs confirming YirmeYahu's calling

1:11 וַיְהִי דְבַר-יְהֹוָה אֵלַי לֵאמֹר מָה-אַתָּה רֹאֶה יִרְמְיָהוּ וָאֹמַר מַקֵּל שָקֵד אֲנִי רֹאֶה׃

Vayehi Devar-Adonai Elai Lemor Ma-Ata Roe Yirmeyahu Vaomar Makel Shaked Ani Roe

And the word of Adonai came to me, saying, "Yirmeyahu, what do you see?" And I said, "I see an almond branch.".

1:12  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלַי הֵיטַבְתָּ לִרְאוֹת כִּי-שֹקֵד אֲנִי עַל-דְּבָרִי לַעֲשֹׂתוֹ׃

Vayomer Adonai elai heitavta Lirot Ki-Shoked Ani Al-Devari Laasoto

Then Adonai said to me, "You have seen well, for I am watching over my word to perform it."

1:13 The word of Adonai came to me a second time, saying, “What do you see?” I replied, “I see a boiling pot that is tilting away from the north.”

1:14 Then Adonai said to me, Out of the north an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land.

1:15 For, lo, I will call all the mishpekhot mamlechot (families of the kingdoms) of the north, said Adonai; and they shall come, and they shall set every one his throne at the entering of the gates of Yerushalayim (ירוּשׁלם), and against all the walls thereof round about, and against all the cities of YeHuDah.

1:16 And I will utter my mishpatim against them touching all their wickedness, who have forsaken me, and have burned incense to other gods, and worshipped the works of their own hands.

1:17"Therefore prepare yourself and arise, And speak to them all that I command you. Do not be dismayed before their faces, Lest I dismay you before them.

1:18 For, hinei, I have made you this day a defenced city, and an iron pillar, and brasen walls against the whole land, against the melekhim of YeHuDah, against the princes thereof, against the Kohenim thereof, and against the people of the land.

1:19 And they shall fight against you; but they shall not prevail against you; for I [am] with you, said Adonai, to deliver you.


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52

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1:11-12 "I see a branch from an almond tree"  in Hebrew Shaked, the emblem of alertness and activity, blossoming in late winter and " I am watching in Hebrew Shoked  sound similiar. The Hebrew word for almond, shaked, is also translated “to watch”. By seeing the almond branch, HaShem assured Yirmeyahu that He is watching over His word to bring it to pass, no matter the passage of time.

HaShem in later Chapters repeated the warning through Yirmeyahu: “Behold, I will watch (shaked) over them for evil, and not for good…” (Chap 44:27). HaShem’s message to Yisrael was that transgression has consequences and there will come a time of reckoning – namely the destruction of Yerushalayim and the captivity of Yisrael.

1:13 A boiling pot - toward the north- We find, from Ezekiel 24:3, etc., that a boiling pot was an emblem of war, and the desolations it produces. From the face of the north, as it is in the margin; for, from the next verse, it appears that the evil was to come from the north; and therefore the steam, which was designed as an emblem of that evil, must have arisen from that quarter also. The boiling pot symbolizes a raging conflict which was to descend up the land from the North that is the Babylonian invasion

About YirmeYahu ha Navi

YirmeYahu meaning HaShem has appointed (raised) he was a Navi of Hashem who foretold the destruction and captivity of Yehudah by Bavel. He was sometime known as " the weeping Navi". He was a dedicated patriot, who wholly committed to Hashem and to set apartness. He was being persecuted by his own people for his bold proclaimation of unwelcom truth about the impending captivity. He continuingly shown compassion for them. Sometime we often have to suffer persecution, rejection, excommunication, ridiculed for standing for the truth.

Some would suggest that YirmeYahu is a type of Moshiach. He was accused of political treason, as was Moshiach Yeshua, and was tried, persecuted and imprisoned for the words he had spoken. In addition to this YirmeYahu and Moshiach both foretold and wept over the destruction of the temple in Yerushalayim. Each was rejected by his own people. (YirmeYahu 2:1-3; 36:32 cf Yochanan 1:11)

YirmeYahu' calling came a the time of melekh Yoshiyahu during the 13th year reign about 626B.C. Zefanyah and Havakkuk were contemporaries of YirmeYahu' earlier ministry. He gave warning to the people that unless they teshuvah of their sins their city would be destroyed. When gave a choice by Nevukadnetztzar he chose to stay and minister to the remnant of Yehudah. Following the assasination of Gedalyah Ben Ahikam, he advised his people to remain in the land , but instead they went to Mitzrayim, taking YirmeYahu and Baruch with them. While there, YirmeYahu still sought to turn the remnant back to Hashem.

HaShem's Message YirmeYahu

1

YirmeYahu's first Message

2:1-3-5

2

YirmeYahu's second Message

3:6-6:30

3

Message at the Temple gate

7:1-10:25

4.

Message of the Broken Covenant

11:1-12:17

5

Message Concerning the drought / Famine

14:1-15:14

6

Messages concerning Yehudah last four Melekhim

21:1-22:30

7

Message in the Temple Court and its result

26:1-24

8

Message to Yehudim of the first Captivity

29:1-32

9

Message Concerning Yom ADONAI

30:1-31:40

10

Message to Tzedekiyahu concerning His coming Captivity

34:1-7

12 times the Word "WOE" was spoken in sefer YirmeYahu