Neviim Akharonim: 


Zechariah Chapter 1

A book of Encouragement and Tikvah (hope)

The 8 Visions and interpretation

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,

Four Messages

7, 8,

Desolation,Redemption, delieverance, restoration, Yom YHWH

9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

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Exhoration to repentance, obedience and warning to profit from mistake of their Avot 1-6

A call to Repentance

1:1 In the chodesh hashmini (eighth month), in the second year of Daryavesh, came the Dvar YHWH (יהוה) unto Zecharyahu (זכריהוּ ) Ben Berek'Yahu (בּרכיהוּ), ben Iddo HaNavi, saying:

1:2 "YHWH (יהוה) hath been sore displeased with your avot. "

1:3 Therefore say thou unto them,

Thus saith YHWH (יהוה) Tzva'ot:

"Turn ye unto Me," saith YHWH (יהוה) Tzva'ot, and "I will turn unto you," saith YHWH (יהוה) Tzva'ot.

1:4 Be ye not as your avot, unto whom the former nevi'im have cried, saying,

Thus saith YHWH (יהוה) Tzva'ot:

"Return now from your evil ways and from your evil deeds.' But they did not listen or give heed to Me," declares YHWH (יהוה).

1:5 "Your avot, where [are] they? and ha Neviim, do they live forever?"

1:6 But My Devarim and My chukim, which I commanded My avadim ha Neviim, did they not take hold of your avot? and they returned and said, Like as YHWH (יהוה) Tzva'ot thought to do unto us, according to our ways, and according to our doings, so hath he dealt with us.

Series of eight visions designed to encourage people to rebuild the temple 7-6:8

First Vision of the Horses

1:7 B'Yom esrim ve arba'ah (4 n 20th day) of the eleventh month, which [is] the month Shevat, in the second year of Daryavesh, Dvar YHWH (יהוה)  came unto Zecharyahu (זכריהוּ ) Ben Berek'Yahu (בּרכיהוּ), Ben Iddo haNavi:

1:8 I saw by night, and hinnei a man riding upon a red horse, and he stood among the hadas (myrtle) trees that [were] in the bottom; and behind him [were there] red horses, speckled, and white.

1:9 Then said I,

"O my adon, what [are] these?"

And the messenger that talked with me said unto me,

"I will shew thee what these [be]. "

1:10 And the man that stood among the hadas (myrtle) trees answered and said, These [are they] whom YHWH (יהוה) hath sent to halak to and fro through the eretz.

1:11 And they answered the messenger of YHWH (יהוה) that stood among the hadas (myrtle) trees, and said,

"We have walked to and fro through the eretz, and, hinnei, all the eretz sitteth still, and is at shakat (rest)."

Hashem will comfort Tzyon

1:12 Then the messenger of YHWH (יהוה) answered and said, O YHWH (יהוה) Tzva'ot, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Yerushalayim and on the cities of Yehudah, against which thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years?

1:13 And YHWH (יהוה) answered the messenger that talked with me [with] good Devarim [and] comfortable Devarim.

1:14 So the messenger that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying:

Thus saith YHWH (יהוה) Tzva'ot:

"Kana (Jealous) l' Yerushalayim ve l'Tzyon (ציּון) with a great Jealousy.

1:15 And "I am very angry with the goyim [that are] at ease": for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the ra'ah (affliction). "

1:16 Therefore thus saith YHWH (יהוה):

I am returned to Yerushalayim with mercies:

"My bayit shall be built in it, saith YHWH (יהוה) Tzva'ot, and a measuring line will be stretched over Yerushalayim."

1:17 Cry yet, saying:

Thus saith YHWH (יהוה) Tzva'ot:

"My cities through prosperity shall yet be spread abroad; and YHWH (יהוה) shall yet comfort Tzyon, and shall yet choose Yerushalayim."

The Second vision of the Four Horns and four Craftmen 1:18-21

1:18 Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and hinnei arba kerenot. (4 horns)

1:19 And I said unto the messenger that talked with me:

"What [are] these?"

And he answered me:

"These [are] the kerenot (horns) which have scattered Yehudah, Yisrael, and Yerushalayim."

1:20 And YHWH (יהוה) shewed me four carpenters.

1:21 Then said I:

"What are these coming to do?"

And he spake, saying:

"These [are] the kerenot (horns) which have scattered Yehudah, so that no man did lift up his head: but these are coming to terrify them, to cast out the kerenot (horns) ha Goyim, which lifted up [their] keren (horn) over the eretz Yehudah to scatter it."

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

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Zecharyahu, whose name "Yah remembers" was a Navi of the restoration from Babylon. He was of honourable kohanim descent; his grandfather, Iddo being head of one of the twelve kohanim families. The scripture describes him as still very young (naar). He began his two year ministry in the second year of Daryavesh I Hystaspis. His messages cover events beginning with the rebuilding of the temple and concluding with the millennium. Zecharyahu predicts the second return of Moshiach, His reign, His priesthood, His kingship, His humanity, his Deity, His building of the temple of YHWH, His coming in lowliness, His bringing of permanent shalom, His rejection and betrayal for thirty pieces of Kesef (silver), His return to Yisrael as the impaled One, and His being smitten by the sword of YHWH.

Zecharyahu predictions of other prophetic events of the end time are equally clear and significant. In the last chapter Mount of Olives, Adonay's defense of Yerushalayim by His visible appearing on Olivet, Mishpatim on the confederated nation, topographical changes in the eretz Yisrael, the Sukkot in the millennium and ultimate set apartness of Yerushalayim and her people.

Purpose and Themes.

Zecharyahu's prophecies had two purposes:

  1. To challenged the returning exiles to turn to YHWH, to be cleansed (tahor) from their sins and to experienced again Hashem's blessing in 1:3)
  2. Encourage to rebuilding of the temple and Hashem's work among His people (1:16, 17; 2:12; 3:2; 4:9; 6:14, 15)



 Vision description

Click on the Reference



Man Riding on a Red (adom) horse(sus) stood among the myrtle trees in the hollow;

1:7-17 ; 6:1-18; Rev 6:1-8

Elohim is angry with the Gentiles who are at rest while His people suffer. He will punish the nations and restore His people


Four Horns and Four Craftsmen (carpentar)


Destruction of four Gentile world empires


Man with a Measuring line

Chapter 2 Rev 11:1

Future prosperity, populousness,


Yehoshua Kohen HaGadol

Chapter 3

The Kehunah (kohenhood) representative of the nation, cleansed and restored and the Coming BRANCH - Yeshua ha Moshiach


The Menorot Zahav and the two zeytim (olive trees)

Chapter 4

Yisrael, Elohim's lightbearer, will rebuild the temple by the Spirit of Elohim. The two zeytim (olive tree) are Zerubbavel (governor) and Yehoshua (Kohen haGadol)


The Flying Scroll


The curse of Elohim pronounced against prejury and theft in the land.


The woman in a ephah (basket)


Idolatry and mercenary religion removed from the land to its ancient home base in Bavel. A women (mother of harlot) in the ephah (basket), two women (Hashem's agent), and bayit in the land of Shinar (babylonian temple). false doctrine and idolatry


The arbah merkavot (four chariots)


Elohim's patrols indicate Yisrael's enemies have been put down.

1:1 eighth month in the second year of Daryavesh: This is the month Marchesvan (Bul) in the Hebrew religious calendar October - November. Daryavesh ruled Persia from 522 to 486 BC. Thus his second year was 520 B.C

1:7 eleventh month - This is the month of Shevet ( Jan - Feb) Three months after the call to repentance of 1:1-6 and after Hag. 2:10-23 had been spoken, the people had repented.

1:8  myrtle trees. Evergreens that grow about 30 feet high. speckled. Sorrel A reddish-brown color ; A red hore is sus adom,


I saw by night, and hinnei a man riding upon a red horse, and he stood among the hadas (myrtle) trees that [were] in the bottom; and behind him [were there] red horses, speckled, and white.

B'Yom ha Hu - In that day

Flash presentation was made possible by the awesome talents of Debbi  Cardullo of  A Christian Witness,

The Book of Zecharyahu, Yerushalayim! Behold your King

Zecharyahu notes [PDF]