Ketuvim Netzarim:

Hisgalus / Revelation Chapter 3

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22

Go to Index page

3:1 "And to the me of the Assembly in Sardeis (Σάρδεις) write, 'These things says He who has the Sheva Ruachim Elohim (אלהים) and the shivat hakokhavim (seven stars): "I know your works, that you have a name that you are alive, but you are dead.

3:2 Be Shomer (watchful), and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found your works perfect before Elohim (אלהים).

3:3 Zikaron (Remember) therefore how you have received and heard, and hold fast, and make teshuvah. If therefore you shall not shomer (watch), I will come on you as a ganav (thief), and you shall not know what sha'ah (hour) I will come upon you.

3:4 You have a few names even in Sardeis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.

3:5 He that overcomes, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the scroll of Chayim, but I will confess his name before My Father, and before His messengers.

3:6 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Ruach says to the congregations.

3:7 To the messenger of the Assembly in Philadelpheia write;

These things says he that is set apart, he that is true, he that has the key of David, he that opens, and no man shuts; and shuts, and no man opens;

3:8 I know your works: Hinnei, I have set before you an open door, and no man can shut it: for you have a little strength, and have Shomer My Dvar, and have not denied My Name.

3:9 Indeed I will make those of the synagogue of satan, who say they are Yehudim and are not, but lie—indeed I will make them come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have ahavah you.

3:10 Because you have shomer the word of my patience, I also will keep you from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the olam Hazeh, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

3:11 Hinnei, I come quickly: hold that fast which you have, that no man take your crown.

3:12 Him who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My Elohim (אלהים), and he shall go out no more: and I will write upon him the Name of MY Elohim (אלהים), and the Name of the city YHWH, [which is] New Yerushalayim, which comes down out of Shamayim from My Elohim (אלהים): and [I will write upon him] My New Name.

3:13 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Ruach says to the Assemblies.

3:14 To the messenger of the Assembly of the Laodikeians write;

These things says the Amein, the faithful and true eidut (witness), the beginning of the creation of Elohim (אלהים);

3:15 "I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. I could wish you were cold or hot.

3:16 So then, because you are lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will vomit you out of My mouth.

3:17 Because you say, 'I am rich, have become wealthy, and have need of nothing'—and do not know that you are wretched, miserable, poor, blind, and naked.

3:18 I counsel you to buy from Me gold refined in the fire, that you may be rich; and white garments, that you may be clothed, that the shame of your nakedness may not be revealed; and anoint your eyes with eye salve, that you may see.

3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and make teshuvah.

3:20 Hinnei, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with Me.

3:21 To him that overcomes will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in His throne.

3:22 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Ruach says to the congregations.


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22

Go to Index page

The Historical events of the Assembly in Sardeis

Sardeis ranked sixth in the hierarchy of the Orthodox dioceses. However, the Christian community in Sardeis declined rapidly after the city was occupied by the Turks in the 14th century. In early 15th century, Tamerlane occupied Sardeis, and massacred – as he had in Ephesus, Pergamum and Philadelphia – the population. Sardeis was abandoned but the nearby village of Sart struggled on. In 1671, a visitor reported Sart as ‘a pitiful village’ and the few Christians who lived there had neither a Assembly nor a priest. The local Assembly had been converted to a mosque.

The Jewish communities and status in Sardis

There was lack of creditable information of the Jewish communities of the date and their early history , although it is clear that by the second half of the first century B.C. it had become an influential one; for in a decree of the proquestor and propretor Lucius Antonios, dating from 50-49 and preserved by Josephus , the Jewish communities are described as having "an assembly of their own, according to the laws of their forefathers, and this from the beginning, as also a place of their own, wherein they determined their suits and controversies with one another." In obedience to an order of Antonius that the Jewish Communities, as Roman citizens, should be confirmed in their rights and privileges, the Sardians passed a decree that the community should enjoy freedom of worship, while special measures were taken to import kosher food which should be ritually clean. A few years later, in the early part of the reign of Augustus, the proconsul Caius Norbanus Flaccus, at the express command of the emperor, renewed the religious privileges of the Jewish Communities of Sardis and permitted them to send money to Yerushalayim .

Jews in Sardis one / two  /

Jews and Christians in Their Graeco-Roman Context:

The Historical events of the Assembly in Philadelphia

In the 3rd century, Philadelphia, like Thyatira, was a stronghold of the Montanist heresy. At the Ecumenical Council of Nicaea in 325, the Assembly of Philadelphia was represented. Philadelphia remained a major center of Byzantine feudal power until the end of 14th century, when it was finally captured by the Ottomans. It was a remarkable feat for Philadelphia to have retained its independence from the surrounding Turks for so long, and it follows that the apostolic Assembly here was the strongest of the Seven Assemblies. Following the devastation by Tamerlane in early 15th century, many Christians fled. In 1671, a traveler reported that the Assembly of St John had been converted into mosque, only four Assemblies survived. The Assembly in Philadelphia continued to have martyrs. In 1826, the city had 3000 Turks and 300 Greek families. There were then still 25 Assemblies remaining. One estimate claimed that in the 19th century there were 1000-2000 Christians in Philadelphia. There has been no Christian living in Alashehir (new name for Philadelphia) since 1922.

Jews in Philadelphia

The Historical events of the Assembly in Laodicea

The Assembly of Laodecia suffered as much as the other Assemblies of Asia Minor from the persecutions of the 2nd to 4th century. It was represented at the Third Ecumenical Council in Ephesus in 431. Laodecia continued to be prosperous well into the 5th century, but was shattered by a devastating earthquake in the year 494. In 1094, the city was severely damaged when captured by the Selcuk. Between 1092 and 1110 the city was repeatedly sacked by the Turks, and the Christian population began to leave the city in view of the massacre in 1161. By the 15th century, Laodecia had degenerated to become a small village. By 17th century, only wolves, jackals and foxes inhabited the site.

Jews in Laodicea   Jews in Laodicea 2