Ketuvim Netzarim:

Revelation Chapter 16

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THE sevem KE'AROT (BOWLS) OF THE ZA'AM (za'am (wrath), ANGER) OF YHWH ELOHIM

Seven messenger: 1  2  3  4  5  6  7

16:1 And I heard a great voice out of the heikhal saying to the seven messengers, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the za'am (wrath) of Elohim (אלהים) upon the eretz.

16:2 So the first went and poured out his bowl upon the earth, and a foul and loathsome sore came upon the men who had the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image.

16:3 And the second messenger poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead [man]: and every living soul died in the sea.

16:4 And the third messenger poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

16:5 And I heard the messenger of the waters say, Thou art Tzadik, O ADONAI, which art, and wast, and shall be, because you hast judged thus.

16:6 For they have shed the blood of Kiddishim and Neviim, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.

16:7 And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Adonai Elohim (אלהים) El Shaddai, emet and Tzadik [are] thy judgments.

16:8 And the fourth messenger poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire.

16:9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of Elohim (אלהים), which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory.

16:10 And the fifth messenger poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain,

16:11 And blasphemed the Elohim (אלהים) of Shamayim because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.

16:12 And the sixth messenger poured out his bowl upon the great river Euphrates; and its water thereof was dried up, to prepare the way for the kings of the east.

16:13 And I saw shalosh ruchot teme'ot (three unclean spirits). like frogs [come] out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.

16:14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, [which] go forth unto the kings of the eretz and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that Yom HaGadol (Great Day) of ADONAI Tzva'ot.

16:15 Hinei, I come as a thief. Blessed [is] he that watches, and keeps his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.

16:16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Har Meggido.

16:17 And the seventh messenger poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the heikhal of Shamayim, from the throne, saying, It is done.

16:18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the eretz, so mighty an earthquake, [and] so great.

16:19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Bavel came in remembrance before Elohim (אלהים), to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his za'am (wrath).

16:20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

16:21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of Shamayim, [every stone] about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed Elohim (אלהים) because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.


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A messenger, one who is sent in order to announce, teach, perform, or explore anything (Mattityahu 11:10; Loukas 7:24; Loukas 9:52; Galates 4:14; Yaakov 2:25; Sept.: Yehoshua 6:17; Malaki 2:7). In Korintos Alef 11:10, aggélous, acc. pl., is interpreted variably as spies or malakhim, good or evil, even demons. The malakhim of the seven assemblies are probably the Elders or overseers of those assemblies, the delegates or messengers of the assemblies of Elohim (Revelation 1:20; Revelation 2:1, Revelation 2:8, Revelation 2:12, Revelation 2:18; Revelation 3:1, Revelation 3:7, Revelation 3:14). Ivrim 13:2 may have reference to itinerate preachers rather than malakhim.

An malakh, a celestial messenger, a being superior to man. Elohim is represented as surrounded by a host of beings of a higher order than man. These He uses as His messengers and agents in administering the affairs of the world and in promoting the welfare of humans (Mattityahu 1:20; Mattityahu 18:10; Mattityahu 22:30; Acts 7:30). As to the numbers of the malakhim, see Ivrim 12:22; Revelation 5:11. See archággelos, archmalakh. In Kefa Bet 2:4; Yehudah 1:6, some of the malakhim that sinned are said to have been cast down to hell. They are called the malakhim of the devil or Satan (Mattityahu 25:41; Korintos Bet 12:7; Revelation 12:9). In Revelation 9:11, the malakh of the bottomless pit is the destroying malakh Abaddon, Abaddon.

Deriv.: aggelía, message; archággelos, archmalakh; isággelos, like or equal to an malakh.

Syn.: apóstolos, apostle, messenger.