Ketuvim Netzarim / Apostolic Writing:

The Besorah According to Loukas / Luke Chapter 22

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Pesach is Near

Matt 26:1-5, 14-16; Mark 14:1, 2 10-11; Yochanan 11:45-53

22:1 Now the feastive of Matzah (unleavened bread) drew nigh, which is called the Pesach.

22:2 And the Rashei ha Kohanim and Sofrim (Torah-teachers) sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.

22:3 Then entered satan into Yehudah surnamed K'riot, being of the number of the twelve.

22:4 And he went his way, and communed with the Rashei ha Kohanim and captains, how he might betray him to them.

22:5 And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money.

22:6 And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him to them in the absence of the multitude.

The Preparation of Pesach

Mat 26:17-25; Mark 14:12-21;Luke 22:7-9; Yochanan 13:21-30

22:7 Then came the Yom ha Matzah (unleavened bread), when the Pesach must be killed.

22:8 And he sent Kefa and Yochanan, saying, Go and prepare us the Pesach, that we may eat.

22:9 And they said to him, Where wilt you that we prepare?

22:10 And he said to them, Behold, when you are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he enters in.

22:11 And you shall say to the goodman of the beit, Adonay saith to you, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the Pesach with my Talmidim?

22:12 And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.

22:13 And they went, and found as he had said to them: and they made ready the Pesach.

The True Meaning of the Pesach Meal

(Matt 26:26-30; Mark 14:22-26; 1 Cor 11:23-25)

22:14 And when the hour was come, Yeshua (ישוע) sat down, and the twelve shlichim with Him.

22:15 And Yeshua (ישוע) said to them:

With desire I have desired to eat this Pesach with you before I suffer:

22:16 For I say to you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the Malkut Elohim.

22:17 And Yeshua (ישוע) took the cup of Redemption, and having made the Bracha, and said, Take this, and divide [it] among yourselves:

22:18 For I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the Malkut Elohim shall come.

22:19 And having taken the Afikoman and having made the ha motzi Yeshua (ישוע) broke the  matzah, and gave to them, saying:

This is My body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of Me.

22:20 Likewise also the cup after the meal, saying, This cup [is] the Brit Chadasha in My blood, which is shed for you.

22:21 But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me [is] with me on the table.

22:22 And truly the Son of Man goeth, as it was determined: but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!

22:23 And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.

Who is the Greatest?

22:24 And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest.

22:25 And he said to them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise mastership over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.

22:26 But you [shall] not [be] so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that does serve.

22:27 For whether [is] greater, he that sits at meat, or he that serves? [is] not he that sits at meat? but I am among you as he that serves.

22:28 Ye are they which have continued with me in my temptations.

22:29 And I appoint to you a kingdom, as My Father has appointed to Me;

22:30 That you may eat and drink at my table in My Kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the Shneyim Asar Shivtei Yisra'el.

Kefa's Denial Foretold

(Matt 26:31-35;Mark 14:27-31; John 13:36-38)

22:31 And Adonai said, Shimon, Shimon, behold, satan has desired [to have] you, that he may sift [you] as wheat:

22:32 But I have prayed for you, that your faith fail not: and when you have turned back in repentance, strengthen your brethren.

22:33 And he said to him, Master, I am ready to go with you, both into prison, and to death.

22:34 And he said, I tell you, Kefa, the cock shall not crow this day, before that you shall thrice deny that you knowest me.

Mashiach's Eved will lack nothing

22:35 And he said to them, When I sent you without purse, and scrip, and shoes, lacked you any thing? And they said, Nothing.

22:36 Then said he to them, But now, he that has a purse, let him take [it], and likewise [his] scrip: and he that has no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one.

22:37 For I say to you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end.

22:38 And they said, Master, behold, here [are] two swords. And he said to them, It is enough.

Yeshua's Tefillah on the Mount of Olives

22:39 And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the Mount of Olives; and his Talmidim also followed him.

22:40 And when he was at the place, he said to them,

Pray that you enter not into temptation.

22:41 And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed,

22:42 Saying, Father, if you be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but your, be done.

22:43 And there appeared a messenger to him from heaven, strengthening him.

22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

22:45 And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his Talmidim, he found them sleeping for sorrow,

22:46 And said to them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest you enter into temptation.

Yehudas Betrays Adonay

22:47 And while he yet spoke, behold a multitude, and he that was called Yehudah, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near to Yeshua (ישוע) to kiss him.

22:48 But Yeshua (ישוע) said to him, Yehudah, betrayest you the Son of Man with a kiss?

22:49 When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said to him, Master, shall we smite with the sword?

22:50 And one of them smote the servant of the Kohen hagadol, and cut off his right ear.

22:51 And Yeshua (ישוע) answered and said, Suffer you thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.

22:52 Then Yeshua (ישוע) said to the Rashei ha Kohanim, and captains of the temple, and the Ziknei, which were come to him, Be you come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves?

22:53 When I was daily with you in the temple, you stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.

Kefa's Denial of Yeshua

22:54 Then took they him, and led [him], and brought him into the Kohen hagadol's beit. And Kefa followed afar off.

22:55 And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Kefa sat down among them.

22:56 But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him.

22:57 And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not.

22:58 And after a little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Kefa said, Man, I am not.

22:59 And about the space of one hour after another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a truth this [fellow] also was with him: for he is a Galilaios.

22:60 And Kefa said, Man, I know not what you sayest. And immediately, while he yet spoke, the cock crew.

22:61 And Adonay turned, and looked upon Kefa. And Kefa remembered the word of Adonay, how he had said to him, Before the cock crow, you shall deny Me thrice.

22:62 And Kefa went out, and wept bitterly.

Mocking and Beating of Yeshua

22:63 And the men that held Yeshua (ישוע) mocked Him, and smote [him].

22:64 And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?

22:65 And many other things blasphemously spoke they against him.

22:66 And as soon as it was day, the Ziknei of the people and the Rashei ha Kohanim and the Sofrim (Torah-teachers) came together, and led him into their council, saying,

22:67 Art you the Mashiach? tell us. And he said to them, If I tell you, you will not believe:

22:68 And if I also ask [you], you will not answer me, nor let [me] go.

22:69 Hereafter shall the Son of Man sit on the right hand of the power of Elohim.

22:70 Then said they all, Are you then Ben Elohim? And he said to them, You say that I am.

22:71 And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.

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22:19 And having taken the Afikoman and having made the ha motzi Yeshua (ישוע) broke the  matzah, and gave to them, saying: This is My body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of Me.

Why didn't Yeshua present a piece of lamb and state that this is my body?


When Yeshua took the unleavened bread, broke it, and stated "This do In Remembrance of Me" he was defining himself as the firstborn who would die so that a mixed multitude would have an opportunity for redemption.

This is why Yeshua used unleavened bread as a symbol of his body, instead of using the lamb.

The redemptive firstborn was able to free covenant and non covenant people equally.

The Passover lamb was reserved for those who already believe as we can see from Exodus 12:48 which states "when a stranger shall sojourn with you, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof."

Yeshua came to redeem the uncircumcised as well.

Therefore, redemption of the firstborn and the symbol of unleavened bread is a much more powerful representation of Yeshua than the Passover lamb.

As the redemptive firstborn Yeshua brought Tikun Olam (eternal healing) to the world. The firstborn Yeshua, redeemed firstborn Israel as well as the nations.

This is why Yeshua defined himself as the broken unleavened bread instead of the Passover lamb. In this context Yeshua clearly died on the first day of unleavened bread. Yeshua suffered for all nations on the first day of unleavened bread so that he might redeem all nations.

Afar off ones

The demoniac man (Markos 5:6)
The prodigal son (
Loukas 15:20)
The rich man (
Loukas 16:23)
The ten lepers (
Loukas 17:12)
The publican (
Loukas 18:13)
Kefa (
Mattityahu 26:58, Markos 14:54, Loukas 22:54)
The women (
Mattityahu 27:55, Markos 15:40, Loukas 23:49)