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(Matt 8:28-9:1; Luke 8:26-39)
The Brit Hadashah manuscripts refer to the "Country of the Gadarenes" or "Gerasenes" rather than the Gergesenes. Both Gerasa and Gadara were cities to the east of the Yam Galil. They were both Goyim cities filled with residents who were culturally more Greek than Semitic; this would account for the pigs in the Scriptural account. Gerasa and Gadara are accounted for in historical accounts (by writers such as Pliny the Elder and Josephus) and by archaeological research. Today they are the modern towns of Jerash and Umm Qais (Arabic: أم قيس).
5:1And they came to the other side of the lake, to the country of the Gerasenes.
5:2 And when He was come out of the ship, immediately there met Him out of the burial caves a man with a ruach hatumah (unclean spirit),
5:3 Who had [his] dwelling among the burial caves; and no man could bind Him, no, not with chains:
5:4 Because that He had been often bound with fetters and chains, and the chains had been plucked asunder by Him, and the fetters broken in pieces: neither could any [man] tame Him.
5:5 And always, night and day, He was in the mountains, and in the burial caves, crying, and cutting himself with stones.
5:6 But when He saw Yehoshua (יהושע) afar off, he ran and worshipped Him,
5:7 And cried with a loud voice, and said:
What have I to do with you, Yehoshua (יהושע), [you] Ben Elohim ha Elyon?
I adjure you by Elohim, that you torment me not.
5:8 For Yehoshua (יהושע) said to him:
Come out of the man, [you] ruach hatumah (unclean spirit).
5:9 And Yehoshua (יהושע) asked him:
What [is] your name? And He answered, saying, My name [is] Legion: for we are many.
5:10 And He besought Him much that He would not send them away out of the country.
5:11 Now there was there nigh to the mountains a great herd of swine feeding.
5:12 And all the ruchot hatemeiot shedim besought Him, saying, Send us into the chazirim (swine), so that we may enter into them.
5:13 And forthwith Yehoshua (יהושע) gave them leave. And the ruachim hatumah (unclean spirits) went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea, (they were about two yousand;) and were choked in the sea.
5:14 And they that fed the swine fled, and told [it] in the city, and in the country. And they went out to see what it was that was done.
5:15 And they come to Yehoshua (יהושע), and see Him that was possessed with the devil, and had the legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid.
5:16 And they that saw [it] told them how it befell to Him that was possessed with the devil, and [also] concerning the swine.
5:17 And they began to pray Him to depart out of their coasts.
5:18 And when He was come into the ship, He that had been possessed with the devil prayed Him that He might be with Him.
5:19 Howbeit Yehoshua (יהושע) suffered Him not, but said to Him, Go home to your friends, and tell them how great things Master has done for you, and has had rachmei shomayim (compassion) on you.
5:20 And He departed, and began to publish in Dekapolis (Δεκάπολις) how great things Yehoshua (יהושע) had done for him: and all [men] did marvel.
(Matt 9:18-26; Luke 8:40-56)
5:21 And when Yehoshua (יהושע) was passed over again by ship to the other side, much people gathered to him: and He was nigh to the sea.
5:22 And, behold, there comes one of the Roshei Beit haKnesset, Ya'ir by name; and when he saw Yehoshua (יהושע), he fell at His feet,
5:23 And begged Him earnestly, saying:
"My little daughter lies at the point of death. Come and lay Your hands on her, that she may be healed, and she will live."
5:24 And [Yehoshua (יהושע)] went with him; and much people followed Him, and thronged Him.
In an act of scandalous faith, she touches Yeshua’ garment’s “fringe”—no doubt one of the tassels (Tzitzit) worn by Jewish men, in obedience to Bamidbar15:38-41 and Devarim 22:12, on the four corners of their outer garment, and later on the prayer shawl (Tallit). The tassels were made of blue and white cords woven together.
5:25 And a certain woman, which had an issue of blood twelve years,
5:26 And had suffered many things of many physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was nothing bettered, but rather grew worse,
5:27 When she had heard of Yehoshua (יהושע), came in the press behind, and touched His garment.
5:28 For she said, If I may touch but His clothes, I shall be whole.
5:29 And straightway the fountain of her blood was dried up; and she felt in [her] body that she was healed of that plague.
5:30 And Yehoshua (יהושע), immediately knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of Him, turned Him about in the press, and said, Who touched My clothes?
5:31 And His Talmidim said to Him, You see the multitude thronging You, and You say, Who touched Me?
5:32 And He looked round about to see her that had done this thing.
5:33 But the woman fearing and trembling, knowing what was done in her, came and fell down before Him, and told Him all the truth.
5:34 And He said to her, Daughter, your faith has made you whole; go in peace, and be whole of your plague.
5:35 While He yet speak, there came from the ruler of the Shul's [house certain] which said, your daughter is dead: why troublest you the Master any further?
5:36 As soon as Yehoshua (יהושע) heard the word that was spoken, He said to the ruler of the Shul, Be not afraid, only believe.
5:37 And He suffered no man to follow Him, save Kefa, and Yaakov, and Yochanan the brother of Ya'akov.
5:38 And He comes to the house of the ruler of the Shul, and seeth the tumult, and them that wept and wailed greatly.
5:39 And when He was come in, He said to them, Why make you this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
5:40 And they laughed Him to scorn. But when He had put them all out, He takes the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with Him, and enters in where the damsel was lying.
5:41 And He took the damsel by the hand, and said to her, Talita Kumi (rise); which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say to you, arise.
5:42 And straightway the damsel arose, and walked; for she was [of the age] of twelve years. And they were astonished with a great astonishment.
5:43 But He commanded them strictly that no one should know it, and said that something should be given her to eat.
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The inhabitants of Gadara, mentioned in the account of the healing of the demoniacs also called "Gergesenes," and "Gerasenes." Gad Ara was the capital of the Roman province of Peraea, E of the Jordan, about six miles from the Sea of Galil and opposite Tiberias. Yehoshua (יהושע) healed the demoniac in Gadara. The modern village Um-Keis is in the midst of ruins intimating the grandeur of the ancient Gadara.
Umm Qais (Arabic: أم قيس) is a town in Jordan located on the site of the ruined Hellenistic-Roman city of Gadara (Hebrew: גדרה, gad´a-ra or גדר, ga-der; Greek: Γάδαρα Gádara). The town was also called Antiochia or Antiochia Semiramis (Ancient Greek: Ἀντιόχεια Σεμίραμις) and Seleucia. Gadara was a semi-autonomous city of the Roman Decapolis.
Mention Matt 4:25; Markos 5:20; Markos 7:31