Ketuvim Netzarim:

The Besorah According to Mark Chapter 7

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Tradition Versus the Word of Elohim

Defilement comes from within

(Matt 15:1-20)

7:1 Then came together to him the Prushim, and certain of the Sofrim, which came from Yerushalayim.

7:2 And when they saw some of His Talmidim eat lechem with ritually unclean, that is to say, with yadayim temeiot (unwashen hands), they found fault.  

7:3 For the Prushim, and all the Yehudim, except they netilat yadayim (ritual wash hands) oft, eat not, observing the Masoret ha Zekenim (the Torah shebal peh, oral torah cf Gal 1:14 tradition of the Zekenim)

7:4 When they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash. And there are many other things which they have received and hold, like the washing of cups, pitchers, copper vessels, and couches.

7:5 Then the Prushim and Sofrim asked him, Why walk not your Talmidim according to the *Masoret ha Zekenim, but eat lechem with yadayim temeiot?

7:6 And He said to them:

Rightly did Yeshayahu prophesied of you hypocrites,

As it is written:

This people honours Me with their lips, but their heart is far away from Me.

7:7 'But in vain do they worship Me, Teaching as doctrines the precepts (entalma) of men.' (Yeshayahu 29:13)

7:8 For you have abandoned the mitzvah of Elohim, you hold to the tradition of men, [the immersions of pitchers and cups: and many other such like things you do].

7:9 And He said to them:

Full well you have nullified the mitzvah (entole) of Elohim, in order to keep your own tradition.

7:10 For Mosheh said:

"Respect your father and your mother,' and, 'He who curses father or mother, let him be put to death.'

7:11 But you say, If a man shall say to his father or mother, [It is] Korban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever you mightest be profited by me; he shall be free.

7:12 And you suffer him no more to do ought for his father or his mother;

7:13 Thus, with your tradition which you had handed down to you, you violate the Word  of Elohim! And you do other things like this."

7:14 And when he had called all the people [to him], he said to them, Hearken to me every one [of you], and understand:

7:15 There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man.

7:16 If any man have oznayim (ears) to hear, let him hear.

7:17 And when he was entered into the house from the people, His Talmidim asked him concerning the parable.

7:18 And he said to them:

Are you so without understanding also?

Do you not perceive, that whatsoever thing from without enters into the man, [it] cannot defile him;

7:19 Because it does not enter his heart but his stomach, and is eliminated thus purifying (katharizo) all foods (broma)?"
(see verse 2 the disciples were eating bread (kosher) not unclean food (unkosher), only thing they did not practice tradition of washing hand in which the Perushim find fault in his diciples, Yeshua rebuke them cos they nullified mitzvah of God in order to practice tradition of men vs 8 n 9)

7:20 And he said, That which comes out of the man, that defiles the man.

7:21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,

7:22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:

7:23 All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.

The faith of a goyim is rewarded

(Mattityahu 15:21-28)

7:24 And from thence he arose, and went into the borders of Tzor and Tzidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know [it]: but he could not be hid.

7:25 For a certain woman, whose young daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of him, and came and fell at his feet:

7:26 The woman was a Greek, a Surophoinikissa by nation; and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter.

7:27 But Yehoshua  (יהושע) said to her:

Let the children first be filled: for it is not meet to take the children's lechem, and to cast [it] to the dogs.

7:28 And she answered and said to Him:

Yes, Adon: yet the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs.

7:29 And Yehoshua  (יהושע) said to her:

For this saying go your way; the devil is gone out of your daughter.

7:30 And when she was come to her house, she found the devil gone out, and her daughter laid upon the bed.

Yehoshua heals a deaf-Mute

(Mattityahu 15:29-31)

7:31 And again, departing from the coasts of Tzor and Tzidon, he came to the Yam Galil, through the midst of the coasts of Dekapolis (Δεκάπολις).

7:32 And they bring to him one that was deaf, and had an impediment in his speech; and they beseech him to put his hand upon him.

7:33 And He took him aside from the multitude, and put His fingers into his ears, and He spit, and touched His tongue;

7:34 And looking up to heaven, he sighed, and said to him, Ephphatha (εφφαθα), that is, Be opened.

7:35 And straightway his ears were opened, and the string of his tongue was loosed, and he speak plain.

7:36 And he charged them that they should tell no man: but the more he charged them, so much the more a great deal they published [it];

7:37 And were beyond measure astonished, saying:

He has done all things well: he makes both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak.


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Ephphatha - the Greek is the root word for epiphany and also form of a Syro-Chaldaic or Aramaic word, meaning "Be opened" It is one of the characteristics of Mark that he uses the very Aramaic words which fell from our Adon's lips. (See 3:17; 5:41; 7:11; 14:36; 15:34.)

TimHegg in one of His article Tradition explains that Yehoshua  (יהושע) spoke of the “traditions of the elders”  by which He most likely meant “teachings of a particular rabbinic tradition” (such as of the House of Hillel or the House of Shammai), and He spoke of them in a very negative way. When judged by the Pharisees as unrighteous for not maintaining the traditions, Yehoshua  (יהושע) responds (in Mark 7:6ff) by first quoting Yeshayahu (29:13):

  1. גרשה (ג'רש בימינו) בירדן
  2. סקיתופוליס (בית שאן בימינו) - שימשה גם כבירת אגד הערים
  3. היפוס (הידועה גם בשם סוסיתא)
  4. גדר או גדרה - היישוב הירדני אום-קיס
  5. פלה (בצפון מערב ירדן מזרחית למעבר נהר הירדן של ימינו)
  6. פילדלפיה - (עמאן של ימינו)
  7. דיאון - בצפון ירדן
  8. קנטה - בדרום סוריה
  9. רפנה - יש המזהים אותה עם אבילה
  10. דמשק - בירת סוריה
  11. אבילה - (כיום קואיליבה בצפון ירדן, ליד אירביד), יש המזהים אותה עם רפנה

וכך כותב החוקר הרומאי פליניוס הזקן באנציקלופדיה תולדות הטבע:

Mention Matt 4:25; Markos 5:20; Markos 7:31

    1. Expelled (Jerash today) in Jordan
    2. Scythopolis (Beth Shean today) - was also used as the capital conurbation
    3. Judgement (also known as Hippos)
    4. Fence or pen - the Jordanian village of Um - Keyes
    5. Fella (North West Jordan east of the Jordan River crossing today)
    6. PHILADELPHIA - (Amman today)
    7. Diaon - northern Jordan
    8. Kenta - South Syria
    9. Rfna - Some identify it with Avila
   10. Damascus - Syria's capital
   11. Avila - (now Koiliva northern Jordan, near Irbid), Some identify it with Rfna