Ketuvim Netzarim:

The Besorah According to MattiYahu Chapter 10

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Yeshua elected the shenim Asar talmidim

(Mark 3:13-19; 6:7-13; Luke 6:12-16; 9:1-6)

10:1 And when he had called to [him] his Shneym Asar (Twelve) talmidim, he gave them power [against] shedim (unclean spirits), to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.

10:2 Now the shemot Shenim Asar (Twelve) hashlichim are these; The first, Shimon (שמעון), who is called Petros (Πέτρος), and Andreas (Ἀνδρέας) his brother; Yaakov Ben-Zavedi

(יעקב בן־זבדי) , and Yochanan (יוחנן) his brother;

10:3 Philippos (Φίλιππος), and Bar-Talmai; Toma, and MattitYahu the publican; Yaakov Ben Alphaeus (חַלְּפַי) (יעקב בן־חלפי), and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;

10:4 Shimon (שמעון) Zealot, and Yehudah man of Keriyot (Yehudah Ish-Kriot) (וֵיִֵהוּדָה  אִישׁ-קְרִִיּּוֹת), who also betrayed Him.

Special commission and instruction from Yeshua 5- 15

(Matt 10:5-15; Mk 6:7-13; Lk6:12-13; Lk 9:1-6) - How were the talmidim selected?

10:5 These Shneym Asar (Twelve) Yeshua (ישוע) sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into ha derek Goyim, and into [any] city of the Shomron enter you not:

10:6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the Beit Yisrael. (Yochanan 4:22)

10:7 And as you go, proclaim, saying, "The Malkut Shamayim is at hand. "

10:8 Heal the sick, cleanse the metzoraim (lepers), raise the dead, cast out devils: freely you have received, freely give.

10:9 Provide neither zahav, nor kesef, nor brass in your purses,

10:10 Nor bag for [your] journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his support.

10:11 And into whatsoever city or town you shall enter, enquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till you go thence.

10:12And when you go into a household, greet it.

10:13 And if the bayit chayil (a house of worthiness), let your shalom come upon it: but if it be not worthy, let your shalom return to you.

10:14 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when you depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet (Nier chatzno).

10:15 Amen I say to you:

It shall be more tolerable for the eretz Sedom and Amora in Yom haDin, than for that city.

The talmidim should anticipate persecution

(Markos 13:9-13; Loukas 21:12-17)

10:16 Hinnei, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be you therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.

10:17 But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their Shuls;

10:18 And you shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a edut against them and the Goyim.

10:19 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what you shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what you shall speak.

10:20 For it is not you that speak, but the Ruach Avichem which speaks in you.

10:21 And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against [their] parents, and cause them to be put to death.

10:22 And you shall be hated of all [men] for My Name's sake: but he that endures to the end shall be saved.

10:23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee you into another:

For amen I say to you:

Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Yisrael, till BEN ADAM be come.

10:24 The talmidim is not above [his] Rabbi, nor the eved above his Adonay.

10:25 It is enough for the talmidim that he be as his Rabbi, and the servant as his Adonay. If they have called the master of the bayit Beel-Zevuv, how much more [shall they call] them of his household?

Admonition Against Fear

(Loukas 12:2-7)

10:26 Fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known.

10:27 What I tell you in darkness, [that] speak you in light: and what you hear in the ear, [that] proclaim you upon the rooftops.

10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear Him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.

10:29 Are not two sparrows sold for an assarion (one tenth of a drachma, 1 cent)? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Avi.

10:30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.

10:31 Fear you not therefore, you are of more value than many sparrows.

Confessing Mashiach before Men

(Luke 12:8,9)

10:32 Whosoever therefore shall confess Me before men, him will I confess also before My AVI which is in Shamayim.

10:33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in Shamayim.

Change brings Conflict

(Loukas 12:51-53; 14:16-27)

10:34 Think not that I am come to send shalom on eretz: I came not to send shalom, but a sword.

10:35 For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.

10:36 And a man's foes [shall be] they of his own household.

10:37 He that loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of Me: and he that loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.

10:38 And he that takes not his stauros (stake), and follows after Me, is not worthy of Me.

10:39 He that finds his life shall lose it: and he that loses his life for my sake shall find it.

Rewards for Service

(Markos  9:41)

10:40 He that receives you receives me, and he that receives me receives him that sent Me.

10:41 He that receives a Navi in the name of a Navi shall receive a Navi's reward; and he that receives a tzedek man in the name of a Tzedek man shall receive a Tzedek man's reward.

10:42 And whosoever shall give to drink to one of these little ones a cup of cold [mayim] only in the name of a talmidim, verily I say to you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.

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The word Shliach means apostle, plural Shlichim means the Sent Ones, the greek word for apostle is apostolos meaning a Malak, one sent forth with orders. An apostle was one who was an eyewitness of the death burial and  resurrection of Mashiach, His earthly ministry and most important of all they  must have seen the Risen Adonay.

Nier chatzno (shake out. the fold of the robe,. wash one's hands). To greet a household was to pronounce the blessing on it with the phrase "Shalom Aleichem" Peace be unto you". Here Yeshua was teaching his taught ones that if some people will not listen to the message, their time could be better spent going to someone who will listen, that is if a certain house refused to host the Master's messengers, they were not obligated to pray for Yah's shalom on it, that is, they would not pronounce or remove a benediction blessing on the family. The Master said that judgment on such people would be greater than that on Sodom and Gomorrah (Beresheet 19:1-38) when the final day of judgment comes. (I tell you the truth occurs in Mattityahu 10:15, Mattityahu 10:23, Mattityahu 10:42; cf. comments on Mattityahu5:18.) similar verse Matt 10:14, Markos 6:11 Loukas 9:5-6; Acts 13:51-52

In other Jewish perspective, when leaving Goyim cities, pious Yehudim often shook the dust from their feet to show their separation from Goyim practices. Not only so, they were to dramatize Yah's displeasure by shaking the dust off their feet. whose very dust was unwanted.

10:25 Beel-Zevuv is meaning lord of flies, the name of the prince of the demons it is a title of a heathen diety (Mt 9:34; 12:24; Mk 3:22; Loukas 11:15)

Shimon the Zealot  (NASB; NIV; TLV; CJB; NLT; Holman Christian standard Bible; God's word)= Simon the Canaanite (KJV; ESV; שמעון הקני= Shim'on the Kena'anite (the Scripture 98) = Shimon the Zealot (OJB) = Simon the Cananaean (Revised version; NET; ESV) - Those using Canaanite meaning Merchant derived from the Hebrew (DuTillet and Shem tov) meaning Merchant while the Aramaic version uses Zealot meaning Zealous

Yehudah Ish-Keriyot = Iskariōtēs = Ἰσκαριώτης  Judas Iscariot in greek join word of  Hebrew origin Kiryah a Chaldean city Aramean Jew

The Election of the 12 Talmidim shows that Yeshua chose people of all walks of life - all whom are not perfect but give a chance to serve Him

Ha shemot Shneym Asar (Twelve) shlichim (Apostles)

  1. Shimon (שמעון) Petros (Πέτρος)
  2. Andreas (Ἀνδρέας)
  3. Yaakov Ben-Zavedi (יעקב בן־זבדי)
  4. Yochanan
  5. Philippos (Φίλιππος)
  6. Bar-Talmai
  7. Toma
  8. Mattityahu the trangressor, taxcollector
  9. Yaakov Ben Aphaseus
  10. Lebbaeus Thaddaeus - Lebbaeus means "a man of heart" Thaddaeus means  "large-hearted" or courageous, mother's breast, nourshment. Loukas refers to Lebbaeus as Yehudas the brother of Yaakov (Loukas 6:16) Yehudas, known as Jude (praise) suffer martydom, the Sent One that have three names.
  11. Shimon (שמעון) Zealot (Kananite) a trader
  12. Yehudah Ish Keriyot - Betrayer


Mattiyahu 10:2-4

Markos 3:16-19

Loukas 6:13-16

Acts 1:13, 16-19

Shimon (שמעון) Petros (Πέτρος), Andreas (Ἀνδρέας), Yaakov n Yochanan

Shimon (שמעון) Petros (Πέτρος), Andreas (Ἀνδρέας), Yaakov n Yochanan

Shimon (שמעון) Petros (Πέτρος), Andreas (Ἀνδρέας), Yaakov n Yochanan

Petros (Πέτρος), Andreas , Yaakov n Yochanan

Philippos (Φίλιππος), Bar-Talmai, Toma n Mattityahu

Philippos (Φίλιππος), Bar-Talmai, Mattityahu n Toma

Philippos (Φίλιππος), Bar-Talmai, Mattityahu n Toma

Philippos (Φίλιππος), Toma Bar-Talmai, n Mattityahu

Yaakov Ben Aphaseus Lebbaeus Thaddaeus, Shimon (שמעון) Zealot (Kenanite) n Yehudah Ish Keriyot

Yaakov Ben Aphaseus, Thaddaeus, Shimon (שמעון) the Kenaanite & Yehudah Ish Keriyot

Yaakov Ben Aphaseus, Shimon (שמעון) Zealot, Yehudas brother of Yaakov n Yehudah Ish Keriyot

Yaakov Ben Aphaseus, Shimon (שמעון) Zealot n Yehudas brother of Yaakov (Yehudas is dead)