Ketuvim Netzarim:

The Besorah According to MattiYahu Chapter 17

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Preparing the Talmudim for glory:

The Transfiguration

(Mark 9:2-13; Luke 9:28-36)

17:1 And after six days Yeshua (ישוע) takes Kefa, Yaakov, and Yochanan his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain privately,

17:2 *And was transfigured before them: and His face did shine as the shemesh (sun), and His raiment was white as the ohr (light).

17:3 And, hinei, there appeared to them Mosheh and Eli-Yahu conferring with Him.

17:4 Then answered Kefa, and said to Yeshua (ישוע), Adonai, it is tov for us to be here: if you will, let us make here three Sukkot; one for you, and one for Mosheh, and one for Eli-Yahu .

17:5 While he yet spoke, hinnei, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and hinnei a voice out of the cloud, which said, "this is My Ben ) ahuvi in whom I am well pleased; Shema you Him. "

17:6 And when the Talmidim heard [it], they fell on their face, and were sore afraid.

17:7 And Yeshua (ישוע) came and touched them, and said, Arise, and be not afraid.

17:8 And when they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no man, save Yeshua (ישוע) only.

Concerning the Forerunner (17:9-13)

Kefa later writes about his experience of the transfiguration in 2 Kefa 1:16-18

17:9 And as they came down from the mountain, Yeshua (ישוע) charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until BEN ADAM be risen again from the dead.

17:10 And His Talmidim asked him, saying, Why then say the Sofrim that Eli-Yahu must first come?

17:11 And Yeshua (ישוע) answered and said to them, Eli-Yahu truly shall first come, and restore all things.

17:12 But I say to you, That Eli-Yahu is come already, and they knew him not, but have done to him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also BEN ADAM suffer of them.

17:13 Then the Talmidim understood that he spoke to them of Yochanan the immerser.

Yeshua Heals a Boy Possessed with a Demon

(Mark 9:14-29; Luke 9:37-43)

17:14 And when they were come to the multitude, there came to him a [certain] man, kneeling down to him, and saying,

17:15 Adonai, have rachamim (mercy) on my son: for he is epileptic, and sore vexed: for he often falls into the fire, and often into the water.

17:16 And I brought him to your Talmidim, and they could not cure him.

17:17 Then Yeshua (ישוע) answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him hither to me.

17:18 And Yeshua (ישוע) rebuked the shed (demon/evil spirit); and he departed out of him: and the child was cured from that very hour.

17:19 Then came the Talmidim to Yeshua (ישוע) apart, and said, Why could not we cast him out?

17:20 And Yeshua said to them, Because of your unbelief:

For Amen I say to you:

If you have faith as a grain of mustard seed, you shall say to this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible to you.

17:21 Howbeit this kind goes not out but by tefillah (prayer) and tzom (fasting).

Yeshua prophesies of His Death and resurrection

(Mark 9:30-32; Luke 9:43-45)

17:22 And while they gather together in Galil, Yeshua (ישוע) said to them, BEN ADAM shall be betrayed into the hands of men:

17:23 And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. And they were exceeding sorry.

Temple census tax money in the mouth of a fish

17:24 And when they were come to Kfar-Nachum, they that received the two drachma tax came to Kefa, and said, "Does your Master pay the two-drachma tax?

17:25 He said, Yes. And when he was come into the house of, Yeshua (ישוע) prevented him, saying, What thinks you, Shimon? of whom do the melechei ha eretz (kings of the earth) take custom or tribute? of their own banim, or of zarim (strangers)?

17:26 Kefa said to him, Of zarim (strangers). Yeshua (ישוע) said to him, Then are the banim patur (exempt, free).

17:27 Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go you to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first comes up; and when you hast opened His mouth, you shall find a shekel: that take, and give to them for Me and you.

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Peter / Kefa - Assembly builder

Yaakov - Yerushalayim Council

Yochanan - the one whom Yeshua reveal the Revelation

17:2 * The scene was a preview of what Adonai Yeshua will be like when He comes back to set up His malkut

The two Drachma equivalent to two denarii or two days' wages paid as a half-shekel temple tax. The first Roman attempt to halt payments of the tax was made long before the Jewish War on account of customs controls. The Senate had forbidden the export of gold and silver, but the Jews of Italy continued to pay the Temple tax.

During the Second Temple period, the Temple institution collected a half-shekel tax annually. This tax was designated for the daily and Shabbat (festival) sacrifices, their libations, the omer, the two loaves of bread, the show bread, the communal sacrifices and other needs of the Temple (Mishnah Shekalim 4:1-4). The rabbis linked the annual half-shekel tax to the half-shekel offering in the Pentateuch (Liver 1963: 184). This half-shekel was mentioned in Exodus 30:11-16. There seems to be a hint in the Bible that this tax became a permanent institution during the First Temple Period (Je(ho)ash – II Kings 12:4, 16 // II Chron. 24:4-13; Josiah – II Kings 22:3-7 // II Chron. 34:8-14). The one-third shekel seems to be the Persian equivalent of the half-shekel (Neh. 10:33, 34). From this passage we derive that the story of Yeshua and the half-shekel tax takes place near the festival of Purim month of Adar. The half-shekel tax is a picture of redemption:- Exodus 30:11-16; Exodus 38:21-31

כִּ֣י תִשָּׂ֞א אֶת־רֹ֥אשׁ בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל֮ לִפְקֻדֵיהֶם֒ וְנָ֨תְנ֜וּ אִ֣ישׁ כֹּ֧פֶר נַפְשֹׁ֛ו לַיהוָ֖ה בִּפְקֹ֣ד אֹתָ֑ם וְלֹא־יִהְיֶ֥ה בָהֶ֛ם נֶ֖גֶף בִּפְקֹ֥ד אֹתָֽם׃

Exo 30:12  Ki tissa et-rosh benei-Yisra'el lifkudeihem venatenu ish kofer nafshov lAdonai bifkod otam; velo-yihyeh vahem negef bifkod otam

Exo 30:12  "When you take a census of the people of Yisra'el and register them, each, upon registration, is to pay a ransom for his life to Adonai, to avoid any breakout of plague among them during the time of the census.

זֶ֣ה׀ יִתְּנ֗וּ כָּל־הָעֹבֵר֙ עַל־הַפְּקֻדִ֔ים מַחֲצִ֥ית הַשֶּׁ֖קֶל בְּשֶׁ֣קֶל הַקֹּ֑דֶשׁ עֶשְׂרִ֤ים גֵּרָה֙ הַשֶּׁ֔קֶל מַחֲצִ֣ית הַשֶּׁ֔קֶל תְּרוּמָ֖ה לַֽיהוָֽה׃

Zeh yitenu, kol-ha'over al-hapekudim, machatzit hashekel beshekel hakodesh; esrim gerah hashekel, machatzit hashekel, terumah lAdonai

Exo 30:13  Everyone subject to the census is to pay as an offering to Adonai half a shekel [one-fifth of an ounce of silver]- by the standard of the sanctuary shekel (a shekel equals twenty gerahs).

הֶֽעָשִׁ֣יר לֹֽא־יַרְבֶּ֗ה וְהַדַּל֙ לֹ֣א יַמְעִ֔יט מִֽמַּחֲצִ֖ית הַשָּׁ֑קֶל לָתֵת֙ אֶת־תְּרוּמַ֣ת יְהוָ֔ה לְכַפֵּ֖ר עַל־נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶֽם׃

He'ashir lo-yarbeh, vehadal lo yam'it, mimachatzit hashakel; latet et-terumat Adonai lechaper al-nafshoteichem.