Ketuvim Netzarim:

The Besorah According to MattiYahu Chapter 19

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Yehoshua (יהושע) Teaches purpose of Marriage

Marriage Keeping in faith till death does apart

(Matt 5:27-32; Mark 10:1-12; Luke 16:18; Romans 7:1-3; 1 Corinthians 7)

19:1 And it came to pass, [that] when Yehoshua (יהושע) had finished these sayings, he departed from Galil, and came into the coasts of Yehudah beyond Yarden;

19:2 And great multitudes followed Him; and He healed them there.

Two schools:- Hillel n Shammai

19:3 The P'rushim also came to Him, tempting Him, and saying to Him, Is it mutar (permissible) for a man to put away his wife for every cause?

19:4 And he answered and said to them, Have you not read, that he which made [them] at the beginning made them male and female,

19:5 And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they two shall be ONE flesh?

19:6 Wherefore they are no more twain, but ONE flesh. What therefore Eloah has joined together, let not man put asunder.

19:7 They say to Him, Why did Mosheh then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away?

19:8 He said to them, Mosheh because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so.

19:9 And I say to you, Whosoever shall put away his wife, except [it be] for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away does commit adultery.

19:10 His taught ones say to Him, If the case of the man be so with [his] wife, it is not good to marry.

19:11 But he said to them, All [men] cannot receive this saying, save [they] to whom it is given.

19:12 For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from [their] mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the Malkut Shamayim's sake. He that is able to receive [it], let Him receive [it].

Who will enter HaShem's Kingdom?

Children showing in faith (childlike faith)

(Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17)

19:13 Then were there brought to Him little children, that he should put [his] hands on them, and pray: and the taught ones rebuked them.

19:14 But Yehoshua (יהושע) said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come to Me: for of such is the Malkut Shamayim.

19:15 And he laid [his] hands on them, and departed thence.

Mistakes of the Rich Young Man

Possesion hindrance of faith

Forsake n follow by faith

(Mark 10:17; Luke 18:18-30)

19:16 And, hinnei, one came and said to Him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

19:17 And he said to Him, Why calls you Me tov? [there is] none tov but one, [that is], EL: but if you will enter into life of the world to come, keep the commandments of EL.

19:18 He said to Him, Which? Yehoshua (יהושע) said, "Thou shall do no murder, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness,"

19:19 Honour your father and [thy] mother: and, You shall love your neighbour as thyself.

19:20 The young man said to Him, "All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet? "

19:21 Yehoshua (יהושע) said to Him, "If you will be perfect, go [and] sell that you have, and give to the poor, and you shall have treasure in shamayim: and come [and] follow Me."

19:22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions.

19:23 Then said Yehoshua (יהושע) to His taught ones,

Truly I say to you,

That a rich man shall hardly enter into the Malkut Shamayim.

19:24 And again I say to you, It is easier to pass a large rope through the eye of the needle, than for a rich man to enter into the Malkut Elohim.

19:25 When His taught ones heard [it], they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved?

19:26 But Yehoshua (יהושע) beheld [them], and said to them, With men this is impossible; but with Elohim all things are possible.

The Shliach's reward now and in the future Malkut

Talmidim's rewarding for faith

(Mark 10:28-31; Luke 18:28-30)

19:27 Then answered Kefa and said to Him, hinnei, we have forsaken all, and followed you; what shall we have therefore?

19:28 And Yehoshua (יהושע) said to them,

"Truly I say to you,

That you which have followed Me, in the regeneration when BEN ADAM shall sit in the throne of His kavod, you also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the Shneym Asar Shivtei Yisrael.

19:29 And every one that has forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for My Name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life."

Perseverance in Faith till the end

19:30 But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last [shall be] first.


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19:8 "because of the hardness of your heart"  What does this phrases mean?

The "hardness of your hearts" basically means just that - hard hearts.  The Tanakh says it often.  Some of the laws were given because of man's hardness, to alleviate hardship.  If a man commits adultery, it is unfair to leave the wife to suffer under his evil habits.  Thus the Torah allows the wife to obtain a divorce (technically speaking, she gets a divorce because she had no rights to initiate one but the rabbis allowed it because of her husband's wicked treatment).

The Scripture states that a man may put away his wife if she does not please Him.  One hotly contested topic by Yehoshua (יהושע)'s time was what it meant by "did not please Him."  Hillel's school held that if he is not happy with her (eg. if she burnt his food), he could divorce her.  Shammai's school held that it could only be in real serious matters of inolerable hardship or cruelty (eg. she committed adultery which breaks the family unit and is a breaking of one of the 10 comandments).  Yehoshua (יהושע) agrees with Shammai's school in this regard.

The Bible does allow divorce and remarriage in certain exceptional cases.  It would be unfair to the innocent party otherwise.  For the Torah is to bring life and not death.  It is not meant to punish the innocent but the evildoer.

Some people tried to use this passage as a loophole.  It seems that they were trying to use their own adultery to get out of a marriage and then remarry.  Yehoshua (יהושע) condemned this by saying that he who divorces one to marry another is guilty.  The law was meant to protect the innocent not the guilty, so this was a wrong thing to do.

As believers, divorce should be the last thing on our minds.  Marriage is a covenant till "death do us part."  YHWH instituted marriage in the Garden and it is meant to be for keeps.  He hates the putting away of the "wife of his youth."  However, in the situation of adultery and hardship where one side refuses to repent and the innocent believer has tried their best and prayed about it and still the hardship continues, then divorce becomes the last resort.  And in such a situation, remarriage is open to them but with proper counselling since hurts of the past must be properly healed before entering into another relationship. Prayerfully, we will never have to see it in our congregations!

by Moncy

Fornication- whoring, immorality πορνεία  porneía, Zanah (Hebrew) hnz be a harlot, play the harlot; taznuth twnzt figuratively idolatry  lewdness, or any sexual sin.may also refer to marriages within the degrees prohibited by the Torah of Mosheh and generally to all such intercourse as prohibited in that Torah (cf. Lev. 18; ff.).

  1. adultery, fornication, homosexuality, lesbianism, intercourse with animals etc.
  2. sexual intercourse with close relatives; Lev. 18
  3. sexual intercourse with a divorced man or woman; Mk. 10:11,

Adultery - μοιχάω moichao Na'aph (Hebrew) @an to have unpermissible intercourse with another's wife, to commit adultery with  Lev_20:10

19:16 Mistakes of the Rich Young man's perception to gain eternal life.

1. By merely consider Yehoshua (יהושע) as just a good teacher not knowing Yehoshua (יהושע) is YHWH (v 16)

2. His wrong perception about the way of eternal life supposing it could be earned by works (v. 17)

3. He thinks by merely shomer the commandment of EL (v 20), the test revealed to him of his failure.(v. 21)

4. He did not heeded the final words of Mashiach "come and follow me (v 21)

Salvation has always been by HaShem's unmerited favour to the sinner, through his faith in Mashiach's atoning sacrifice.

Purpose of Marriage: Barashet 1:27 - 28; 2:18, 23 - 25

After Shavuot additional teaching about Marriage Ephesians 5:21 - 33

YHWH Elohim hates divorce Malachi 2:13-16

My Name sake - Yehoshua (יהושע) is now our Kohen HaGadol,

19:30 Php 2:12 Wherefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.