Ketuvim Netzarim:

The Besorah According to MattiYahu Chapter 20

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The Parable of the Laborers

20:1 For the Malkut Shamayim is like to a man [that is] an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.

20:2 And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.

20:3 And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,

20:4 And said to them; Go you also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way.

20:5 Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.

20:6 And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and said to them, Why stand you here all the day idle?

20:7 They say to him, Because no man has hired us. He said to them, Go you also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, [that] shall you receive.

20:8 So when even was come, the master of the vineyard said to his steward, Call the labourers, and give them [their] hire, beginning from the last to the first.

20:9 And when they came that [were hired] about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.

20:10 But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny.

20:11 And when they had received [it], they murmured against the goodman of the house of,

20:12 Saying, These last have wrought [but] one hour, and you hast made them equal to us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.

20:13 But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do you no wrong: didst not you agree with me for a penny?

20:14 Take [that] thine [is], and go your way: I will give to this last, even as to you.

20:15 Is it not mutar (permissible) for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?

20:16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.

20:17 And Yehoshua (יהושע) going up to Yerushalayim took the twelve taught ones apart in the way, and said to them,

20:18 Hinnei, we go up to Yerushalayim; and BEN ADAM shall be betrayed to the Rashei (Chief) Ha Kohenim and to the sofrim, and they shall condemn Him to death,

20:19 And shall deliver him to the goyim to mock, and to scourge, and to impale [him]: and the third day He shall rise again.

The Request of the mother of Yaakov and Yochanan

(Mark 10:35-45)

20:20 Then came to him the mother of Zavdai's children with her sons, worshipping [him], and desiring a certain thing of him.

20:21 And he said to her, What will thou? She said to him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on your right hand, and the other on the left, in your kingdom.

20:22 But Yehoshua (יהושע) answered and said, You know not what you ask. Are you able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be immersed with the immersion that I am immersed with? They say to him, We are able.

20:23 And He said to them, You shall drink indeed of my cup, and be immersed with the immersion that I am immersed with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but [it shall be given to them] for whom it is prepared of my AVI.

20:24 And when the ten heard [it], they were moved with indignation against the two brethren.

20:25 But Yehoshua (יהושע) called them [to him], and said, You know that the princes of the goyim exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them.

20:26 But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;

20:27 And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your eved:

20:28 Even as BEN ADAM came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

20:29 And as they departed from Yericho, a great multitude followed him.

20:30 And, hinnei, two blind men sitting by the way side, when they heard that Yehoshua (יהושע) passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us, O Adonay, [thou] Ben David.

20:31 And the multitude rebuked them, because they should hold their peace: but they cried the more, saying, Have mercy on us, O Adonay, [thou] Ben David.

20:32 And Yehoshua (יהושע) stood still, and called them, and said, What will you that I shall do to you?

20:33 They say to Him, Adonay, that our eyes may be opened.

20:34 So Yehoshua (יהושע) had compassion [on them], and touched their eyes: and immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed him.


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ALIYAH עלייה. literally means the act of going up “to arise”"ascend". called up to read the Torah

  1. The honour of going up to the reading desk in the Shul, usually for the reading from the scroll of the Torah.the relevant section of the Torah reading for each shabbat is divided into seven aliyot.
  2. Emigrating to the eret Yisrael. It is usual to speak of going up to Yisrael. Once in Yisrael one goes up to Yerushalayim. And in Yerushalayim one used to go up to ha Mikdash. Both Yerushalayim and ha mikdash were in fact built on hills, but the concept was also an increase in set apartness.
  3. Yehoshua (יהושע) going up to Yerushalayim prepare himself as a sacrifice, we can see this in the picture of the Altar of bronze where one has to rise up or ascend to bring the sacifice to be burn.