Torah Moshe 4:

Bamidbar / Numbers Chapter 10

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 ,13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36

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(Bamidar 10:2, Bamidbar 10:8-10; Malakhim Bet 12:13 [14]; Tehillim 98:6) and secular spheres (Malakhim Bet 11:14; 2 Chr 23:13; Hoshea 5:8)


10:1 And ADONAI spoke toMosheh, saying:

10:2 Make you two tzotzerot (trumpets) kesef (silver); of a whole piece shalt your make them: that your may use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps.

10:3 And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to you at the entrance doorway of the Ohel Moed.

10:4 And if they blow but with one trumpet, then the princes, which are heads of the thousands of Yisrael, shall gather themselves to you.

10:5 When you blow an alarm, then the camps that lie on the kedem  (east) parts shall go forward.

10:6 When you blow an alarm the second time, then the camps that lie on the south side shall take their journey: they shall blow an alarm for their journeys.

10:7 But when the congregation is to be gathered together, you shall blow, but you shall not sound an alarm.

Who are suppose to blow the Trumpet?

10:8 And benai Aharon ha kohenim, shall blow with the hatzotzerah (trumpets clarion); and they shall be to you for an ordinance forever throughout your generations.

10:9 And if you go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresses you, then you shall blow an alarm with the hatzotzerah (trumpets clarion); and you shall be remembered before ADONAI Eloheichem, and nooshatem (you shall be saved) from your enemies.

10:10 Also in the Day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, you shall blow with the tzotzerot (trumpets) over your Olot, and over the sacrifices of your Shelamin; that they may be to you for a memorial before Eloheikhem: ANI ADONAI Eloheikhem.


10:11 (v) And it came to pass on the twentieth [day] of the second month, in the second year, that the cloud was taken up from off the Mishkan HaEdut (testimony).

Order of March

10:12 And benai  Yisrael took their journeys out of the midbar Sinai; and the cloud rested in the midbar Paran.

10:13 And they first took their journey according to the commandment of ADONAI by the hand of Moshe.

10:14 In the first [place] went the degel (standard) ha machaneh (camp) of benai Yehudah according to their tzivos (armies): and over his host was Nahshon Ben Amminadav.

10:15 And over the host of the Shevet benai  Yissakhar was N'than'el Ben Tzu'ar.

10:16 And over the host of the Shevet benai  Z'vulun was Eli'av Ben Helon.

10:17 And the tabernacle was taken down; and benai Gershon and benai M'rari set forward, bearing the tabernacle.

10:18 And the degel (standard) ha machaneh (camp) of Reuven set forward according to their tzivot (armies): and over his host [was] Elitzur Ben Shedeur.

10:19 And over the host of the Shevet benai Shimon was Shlumi' el Ben Tzuri-Shaddai.

10:20 And over the host of the Shevet benai Gad [was] Elyasaf ben De'u'el.

10:21 And the Kohasites set forward, bearing the sanctuary: and the other did set up the tabernacle against they came.

10:22 And the degel (standard) ha machaneh (camp) of benai Efrayim set forward according to their tzivot (armies): and over his host was Elishama Ben Ammihud.

10:23 And over the host of the Shevet benai M'nasheh was Gamli'el Ben P'dahtzur.

10:24 And over the host of the Shevet benai BenYamin was Aviydan ben Gid'oni.

10:25 And the degel (standard) ha machaneh (camp) of benai  Dan set forward, [which was] the rereward of all the camps throughout their hosts: and over his host was Achi'ezer ben Ammi-Shaddai.

10:26 And over the host of the shevet benai  Asher was Pag'i'el ben Okhran.

10:27 And over the host of the shevet benai  Naftali was Ahira ben Enan.

10:28 Thus were the order of march of benai  Yisrael according to their tzivos (armies), when they set forward.

10:29 (S:vi) And Moshe said to Hobav, Ben Raguel the Midyani, Moshe' father in law, We are journeying to the place of which ADONAI said, I will give it you:

come your with us, and we will do you good:

for ADONAI has spoken good concerning Yisrael.

10:30 And he said to him, I will not go; but I will depart to mine own land, and to my kindred.

10:31 And he said, Leave us not, I pray thee; forasmuch as your knows how we are to encamp in the midbar, and your may be to us instead of eyes.

10:32 And it shall be, if your go with us, yea, it shall be, that what goodness ADONAI shall do to us, the same will we do to you.

10:33 And they departed from the mount of ADONAI three days' journey: and Ha Aron BRIT ADONAI went before them in the three days' journey, to search out a resting place for them.

Shabbat 116  - Book-end separate book

10:34   וַעֲנַ֧ן יְהוָ֛ה עֲלֵיהֶ֖ם יוֹמָ֑ם בְּנָסְעָ֖ם מִן־הַֽמַּחֲנֶֽה׃

vaanan ADONAI aleihem yomam be nas am min-ha makhane:

And the cloud of ADONAI [was] upon them by day, when they went out of the camp.

10:35 Siddur (A:vi)

וַיְהִ֛י בִּנְסֹ֥עַ הָאָרֹ֖ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר מֹשֶׁ֑ה קוּמָ֣ה׀ יְהוָ֗ה וְיָפֻ֨צוּ֙ אֹֽיְבֶ֔יךָ וְיָנֻ֥סוּ מְשַׂנְאֶ֖יךָ מִפָּנֶֽיךָ׃

Vayhi binsoa ha'Aron vayomer Moshe; kumah ADONAI veyafutzu oyeveicha, veyanusu mesan'eicha mipaneicha.

And it came to pass, when the ark set forward, that Moshe said:

Rise up, ADONAI, and let your enemies be scattered; and let them that hate you flee before you.

10:36   וּבְנֻחֹ֖ה יֹאמַ֑ר שׁוּבָ֣ה יְהוָ֔ה רִֽבְב֖וֹת אַלְפֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃

uvenucho yomar shuva ADONAI rivavot alfei Yisrael:

And when it rested (נֻחֹ), he said, Return, O ADONAI, to the many thousands of Yisrael.

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 ,13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36

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נֱאֶמָון  Ne'emanThe letter nun n itself, symbolizes HaShem sitting on His Throne.  It is the “bent nun,” which shows HaShem as diligently observing the works, deeds, and acts of His people.  It pictures the faithful ones who is bent as in worship, and humility. The final nun, N, elongated in form, symbolizes the malakhim standing before HaShem in His presence. The final nun N, which the straight nun illustrates the faithful one who is erect, who will stand faithful and upright, When he faces the final Day of Judgment.      

Two nun Nafucha ("inverted nuns") of Hebrew alphabet.
(נו"ן מנוזרת "isolated nun" or נו"ן הפוכה "inverted nun" or "׆" in Hebrew) is a rare glyph used in classical Hebrew.

The inverted nun is not part of any word, and is never pronounced; thus it is classed as punctuation and not a letter.



Silver Trumpet speaks of Redemption

Two Trumpets speaks of the two witnesses

How is it to be made? Two Trumpets of Silver, of hammered work (ie Whole pierce) length 48 inches long


To be blow by Benai Aharon ha Kohenim - vs 8 How is it blown? 亚伦子孙作祭司的要吹这号

According to Jewish tradition, long blasts were used to assemble the people to Moshe, to the tent of meeting and for worship. Short staccato blasts were used in battle and to order the camps to move off.” (Wenham)

 Be to you a chukkat Olam (everlasting ordinances) vs 8 世世代代永远的定例

To Call Together (v.3) 聚集在会幕门口

To Order Movement (v.5)以色列人按着军队往前行

To Call to War (v.9) 神面前得蒙记念,也蒙拯救脱离仇敌。

To Express Praise (v.10) 快乐的日子和节期并月朔,献燔祭和平安祭,也要吹号

Hashem will use the sound of a trumpet to gather His people for the ultimate assembling together - the caught up of the Assemble, to meet Adonay in the air (1 Thesalonika 4:16-18).

Tehillim 81:3  Blow up the Shofar in the Rosh Chodesh, in the time appointed, on Yom Chageinu (our solemn feast day).

Tehillim 98:6 With chatzotzrah  and sound of Shofar make a joyful noise before Ha Melekh ADONAI


The two silver trumpets  of the Levite Kohanim

From the Temple Institute

In the Set Apart Temple this was marked by the blowing of a gold plated shofar and silver trumpets by the three Kohanim. 
"Elohim has ascended with a blast, ADONAI with the voice of the shofar."
(Tehillim 47:6)
"Praise Him with the blast of the shofar" (Tehillim 150:3)
"And on the third day, while morning, that there were voices and lightning, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice 
of the shofar was very loud; and all the people in the camp trembled." (Shemot 19:16)
"And when the voice of the shofar grew very strong, Moses spoke, and Elohim answered him by a voice." (Shemot 19:19)
"And all the people saw the voices and the flames, and the voice of the shofar, and the mountain was smoking, and the 
people saw, and trembled, and stood from afar." (Shemot 20:15)

Order of March


See the Population of the Leviim census count at Chapter 3


 Rosh Hodesh in Scripture

Beresheet 1:14-19 Creation; 6,000 years ago
Bamidbar 10:10 Silver trumpet and shofar 1400 B.C.E
Bamidbar 28:11-15 Additional Sacrifices 1400 B.C.E
Shemuel Alef 20:1-43 David & Yonatan 1020 B.C.E.
Divrei HaYamin Alef 23:25-32 Levites praise 1000 B.C.E.
Divrei HaYamin Bet 2:1-6 Beit Shlomo 950 B.C.E.
Melekhim Bet 4:8-37 Elisha and boy

850 B.C.E.
Yeshayahu 66:15-24 Future worship 780 B.C.E.
Amos 8:4-5 No buying or selling 770 B.C.E.
Divrei HaYamin Bet 31:2-10 Chizkiyahu 727 B.C.E.
Yechezkiel 46:1-7

Future worship 570 B.C.E
Ezra 3:1-6 1st day of 7th month 460 B.C.E
Nechemyah 10:1, 29-40 Don't neglect the Temple 445 B.C.E
Tehillim 81:1-3 Blow the shofar


Kolossaeus 2:16-17 Shadow of things to come