Torah Mosheh 4: Bamidbar / Numbers Chapter 11

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Rebellion in the Camp  COMPLAINING

11:1 And when the people anan (complained), it displeased YEHOVAH (יהוה): and YEHOVAH (יהוה) heard it; and His anger was charah (aroused); and the fire of YEHOVAH (יהוה) burned among them, and consumed  some in the outskirts of the camp.

11:2 And the people cried to Mosheh; and when Mosheh palel to YEHOVAH (יהוה), the fire was quenched.

11:3 And He called the name of the place Tab'erah (תּבערה): because the fire of YEHOVAH (יהוה) burnt among them.

From Sinai to Kadesh-Barnea

the flesh pots of Mitzrayim

 Tehillim 78:17-33

11:4 And the mixed multitude (rabble) that [was] among them fell a greedy desire: and benai  Yisrael also wept again, and said, Who shall give us basar (flesh) to eat?

11:5 We remember the dagah (fish), which we did eat in Mitzrayim freely; the kishshuah (cucumbers), and the abattich (melons), and the Chatzir (leeks), and the batzal (onions), and the shum (garlic):

心血枯竭 our whole being is dried up

11:6 But now our soul is dried away: [there is] nothing at all, beside this manna, [before] our eyes.

11:7 And the manna [was] as coriander seed, and the colour thereof as the colour of bedellium.

11:8 [And] the people went about, and gathered [it], and ground [it] in mills, or beat [it] in a mortar, and baked [it] in pans, and made challah (חלּה) of it: and the taste of it was as the taste of fresh oil.

11:9 And when the dew fell upon the camp in the night, the manna fell upon it.

11:10 Then Mosheh heard the people weep throughout their families, every man in the door of his tent: and the anger of YEHOVAH (יהוה) was charah (kindled) greatly; Mosheh also was displeased.

11:11 And Mosheh said to YEHOVAH (יהוה):

"Why have You afflicted Your servant? And

why have I not found favor in Your sight, that You have laid the burden of all these people on me?

11:12 Did I conceive all these people? Did I beget them, that You should say to me, 'Carry them in your bosom, as a guardian carries a nursing child,' to the land which You swore to their fathers?

11:13 Where am I to get meat to give to all these people? For they weep all over me, saying, 'Give us meat, that we may eat.'

11:14 I am not able to bear all these people alone, because the burden is too heavy for me. (獨自擔當不起)

11:15 And if your deal thus with me, kill me, I pray you, out of hand, if I have found favour in your sight; and let me not see my evil!无可奈何 - 苦情

11:16 And YEHOVAH (יהוה) said to Mosheh:

"Gather to Me seventy men of the Zekenim of Yisrael, whom you know to be the Zekenim of the people and officers over them; bring them to the Ohel Moed , that they may stand there with you.

11:17 And I will come down and talk with you there: and I will take of the spirit which [is] upon you, and will put [it] upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with you, that your bear [it] not yourself alone.

11:18 Then you shall say to the people, 'Consecrate yourselves for tomorrow, and you shall eat meat; for you have wept in the hearing YEHOVAH (יהוה), saying, "Who will give us meat to eat?

For it was well with us in Mitzrayim." Therefore YEHOVAH (יהוה) will give you meat, and you shall eat.

11:19 You shall not eat one day, nor two days, nor five days, neither ten days, nor twenty days;

11:20  Ad chodesh yamim ad asher-yetze me'apchem vehayah lachem lezara ya'an ki-me'astem et-YEHOVAH asher bekirbechem vativku lefanav lemor lamah zeh yatsanu miMitsrayim.

But for a chodesh yamim (full month), until it comes out of your nostrils and making you nauseated, because you have rejected YEHOVAH (יהוה) who is among you, and have wept before Him, saying, "Why did we ever come up out of Mitzrayim?" ' "

11:21 And Mosheh said:

"Here I am among 600,000 men on foot; and your have said, I will give them enough meat to eat for  a full month. "

11:22  Shall flocks and herds be slaughtered for them, to provide enough for them? Or shall all the fish of the sea be gathered together for them, to provide enough for them?"

11:23 Vayomer YEHOVAH el-Mosheh hayad YEHOVAH tiktsar atah tir'eh hayikrecha devari im-lo.

And YEHOVAH (יהוה) said to Mosheh: "Has YEHOVAH (יהוה)'s arm been shortened? Now you shall see whether what I say will happen to you or not."

11:24 And Mosheh went out, and told the people the words of YEHOVAH (יהוה), and gathered the seventy men of the Zekenim of the people, and set them round about the tabernacle.

11:25 And YEHOVAH (יהוה) came down in a cloud, and spoke to him, and took of the spirit that [was] upon him, and gave [it] to the seventy Zekenim: and it came to pass, [that], when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied, and did not cease.

11:26 But there remained two [of the] men in the camp, the name of the one [was] Eldad, and the name of the other Medad: and the spirit rested upon them; and they [were] of them that were written, but went not out to the tabernacle: and they prophesied in the camp.

11:27 And there ran a young man, and told Mosheh, and said, Eldad and Medad do prophesy in the camp.

11:28 And Yehoshua Ben Nun, the servant of Mosheh, [one] of his young men, answered and said, My adoni Mosheh, forbid them.

11:29 Vayomer lo Mosheh hamekane atah li umi yiten kol-am YEHOVAH nevi'im ki-yiten YEHOVAH et-rucho aleihem.

But Mosheh said to him, "Are you jealous for my sake? Would that all the YEHOVAH (יהוה) 's people were prophets, that YEHOVAH (יהוה)  would put his Spirit on them!"

11:30 (vii)

And Mosheh received back into the camp, he and the Zekenim of Yisrael.

11:31 And there went forth a wind from YEHOVAH (יהוה), and brought quails from the sea, and let [them] fall by the camp, as it were a day's journey on this side, and as it were a day's journey on the other side, round about the camp, and as it were two cubits [high] upon the face of the earth.

11:32 And the people stood up all that day, and all [that] night, and all the next day, and they gathered the quails: he that gathered least gathered ten chomers: and they spread [them] all abroad for themselves round about the camp.

11:33 And while the flesh was yet between their teeth, before it was chewed, the anger of YEHOVAH (יהוה) was charah (kindled) against the people, and YEHOVAH (יהוה) smote the people with a very great plague.

11:34 And he called the name of that place Kivrot-haTa'avah: because there they buried the people that lusted.

11:35 [And] the people journeyed from Kivrot-haTa'avah to Chatzerot; and abode at Hatzerot.

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Manna (Hebrew: מָ‏ן‎) or al-Mann wa al-Salwa (Arabic: المَنّ و السلوى‎, Kurdish: gezo, Persian: گزانگبین‎) sometimes or archaically spelled mana,In the Biblical account, the name manna is said to derive from the question man hu, seemingly meaning "What is it? In the description in the Book of Exodus, manna is described as being available six mornings a week, after the dew had evaporated.

The Midrash Tanhuma holds that manna melted, formed liquid streams, was drunk by animals, flavored the animal flesh, and was thus indirectly eaten by Gentiles, this being the only manner that Gentiles could taste manna.[34] Despite these hints of uneven distribution, classical rabbinical literature expresses the view that manna fell in very large quantities each day. It holds that manna was layered out over 2,000 cubits square, between 50 and 60 cubits in height, enough to nourish the Israelites for 2,000 years[12

It is also briefly mentioned in the Qur'an, with the Al-Baqara, Al-A'raf, and Al-Ta-Ha mentioning the divine supply of manna as one of the miracles with which the Israelites were favored; these passages only describe manna as being "good things" which have been "provided ... as sustenance".

bedellium / bedolach Emmenagogue, Arthritis, Leprosy, Impotency, Liver disorders, Hemiplagia, Thyroid to enriched protein in blood Sterility. Sciatica , neuralgia, scrophula reduces cholesterol and obesity.



This Hebrew word literally meaning "it would have been enough" an expression of thankfulness and praise to Hashem. It is customary amongy the Afghanistan Yehudim to distribute to each of those at the Seder table an onion with its leafly stems known as leeks. Every time the world Da'yeinu is uttered, each participant strikes his neighbours lightly with the onion stems. The origin of this unique custom is associated with the  statement in Ba'midbar 11:5-6  describing how the freed slaves began to complain about the mana that was send down from heaven for their daily diet. They began yearning for the "good old days of slavery in Egypt" where they were fed fish, cucumbers watermelon green leeks, onion and garlic.

Yisrael's anan (murmur, complain)

Shortly after being delivered from Slavery in Mitzrayim, the Yisraelites began to complain about one thing after the other. Through Mosheh's patience and Hashem's understanding and love their concerns were alleviated.

Anan / complain/ murmur

HaShem's remedy and action taken

Scripture Reference (Nasv)

Paroh's soldier will kill us! (fear)

Red sea divided

Shemot 14:11-12

What shall we drink?

Water sweetened at Marah

Shemot 15:24

We will die of hunger

Manna sent

Shemot 16:3

Will we die of thirst?

Water from a rock

Shemot 17:3

Who will give us meat?

Quails sent

Bamidbar 11:4

Who'll never conquer the Promised Land

Hashem spares the people but they wander for 40 Years.

Bamidbar 14:3

Mosheh acts like a prince over us

Hashem kills the complainers

Bamidbar 16:3, 13

There's no water / mayim

Water from a rock

Bamidbar 20:5

There's no water or food. n we 're sick of manna

snakes / bronze snake

Bamidbar 21:5

Yeshua said in Mattityahu 6:25 Therefore I say to you, Take no thought for your life, what you shall eat, or what you shall drink; nor yet for your body, what you shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment? in Mattityahu 4: 2-4  Yeshua had overcome Lust of flesh, hunger, thirst.

Flesh was still between their teeth: By any estimate the Yisraelites were overcome with greed. Normally the quails would have been preserved with salt  to remove the blood laid out to drain the blood. Since this step is not mentioned by the text, it may have been omitted.  The meat retains its status even when it is between the teeth, and that therefore one must wait six hours between meat and dairy .

Chiastic structure (also called chiastic pattern or ring structure) is a literary device for chiasmus applied to narrative motifs, turns of phrase, or whole passages. Various structures of chiasmus are commonly seen in ancient literature to emphasize, parallel, or contrast concepts or ideas.

A  The rabble with them began to crave other food [Nas: had greedy desires] and the sons of Yisrael wept (vs 4)

      B   If only we had meat to eat [literally: Who will give us meat to eat? (vs 5-6)

            C  Gathering manna (vs 7-10)

                D   Elohim's solution to Mosheh's complaint: Adonay said to Mosheh bring Me 70 elders (vs 11-17)

                     E   [Adonay said to Mosheh] tell the people consecrate yourselves (v 18a)

                          F   Adonay will give you meat ( vs 18b-19)

                               X   You [Yisrael] have rejected Adonay (vs 20)

                           F   Mosheh doubts that Adonay can provide the Yisraelites meat (vs 21-22)

                      E   Mosheh went out and told the people the words of Adonay (vs 24a)

                 D   He brought together 70 elders of the people ( vs 24b-30)

             C   Quail gathered (vs 31-32)

        B   While the meat (that Adonay provided) was still between their teeth, Adonay struck the people with a very severe plague (vs 33)

A   Place name Kivrot Hataavah, because there they buried the people who had craved other food [been greedy]  (vs 34)