Ketuvim / Hagiographa / History

Divrei HaYamim Bet / דברי הימים

2nd Chronicles chapter 1

The Reign of Sh'lomo (שׁלמה), with a detailed account of the building and dedication of the Temple

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,

The History of Yehudah from the Reign of Rechav'am to the destruction of Yerushalayim and the Captivity

10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36

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The Reign of Sh'lomo (שׁלמה); ha Mikdash built n dedicated 1-9

Prioritization: Worship(Olot), Wisdom, Knowledge Honour and Wealth

Adonay makes melekh Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) great; he zevakhim (sacrifices) n prays for wisdom

(ref: 1 Melekhim 2:12; 3:4-9; 1 Chr 29:23-25)

1:1 And Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) Ben David was strengthened in his malkut, and YHWH (יהוה) Elohav [was] with him, and magnified him exceedingly.

1:2 Then Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) spake unto all Yisra'el, to the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and to the judges, and to every governor in all Yisra'el, Rashei ha Avot.

1:3 So Sh'lomo (שׁלמה), and all the congregation with him, went to the high place that [was] at Giv'on; for there was the Ohel Mo'ed of Elohim (אלהים), which Mosheh ha eved YHWH (יהוה) had made in the wilderness.

1:4 But the aron Elohim (אלהים) had David brought up from Kiryat-Ye'arim to [the place which] David had prepared for it: for he had pitched a tent for it at Yerushalayim.

1:5 Moreover the brazen altar, that Betzalel Ben Uri, Ben Hur, had made, he put before the mishkan YHWH (יהוה): and Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) and the congregation sought unto it.

1:6 And Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) went up thither to the brazen altar before YHWH (יהוה), which [was] at the Ohel Mo'ed, and offered a thousand olot upon it.

1:7 In that night did Elohim (אלהים) appear unto Sh'lomo (שׁלמה), and said unto him, Ask what I shall give thee.

1:8 And Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) said unto Elohim (אלהים):

Thou hast shewed great mercy unto David my father, and hast made me to reign in his stead.

1:9 Now, O YHWH (יהוה) Elohim (אלהים), let thy promise unto David my father be established: for thou hast made me melekh over a people like the dust of the earth in multitude.

1:10 Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people: for who can judge this thy people, [that is so] great?

1:11 And Elohim (אלהים) said to Sh'lomo (שׁלמה), Because this was in thine heart, and thou hast not asked riches, wealth, or honour, nor the life of thine enemies, neither yet hast asked long life; but hast asked wisdom and knowledge for thyself, that thou mayest judge my people, over whom I have made thee melekh:

1:12 Wisdom and knowledge [is] granted unto thee; and I will give thee riches, and wealth, and honour, such as none of the melekhim have had that [have been] before thee, neither shall there any after thee have the like.

1:13 Then Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) came [from his journey] to the high place that [was] at Giv'on to Yerushalayim, from before the Ohel Mo'ed, and reigned over Yisra'el.

1:14 And Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) gathered chariots and horsemen: and he had a thousand and four hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, which he placed in the chariot cities, and with the melekh at Yerushalayim.

1:15 And the melekh made silver and zahav at Yerushalayim [as plenteous] as stones, and cedar trees made he as the shikmah (שׁקמה) trees that [are] in the vale for abundance.

1:16 And Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) had horses brought out of Mitzrayim, and linen yarn: the melekh's merchants received the linen yarn at a price.

1:17 And they fetched up, and brought forth out of Mitzrayim a chariot for six hundred [shekels] of silver, and an horse for an hundred and fifty: and so brought they out [horses] for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the melekhim Aram (Syria), by their means.

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36

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The overview Chart of Melekhim Yehudah in Divrei HaYamim Bet


Divrei HaYamim Bet (2 Chronicles)

You also, as living stones, are built up as a spiritual Beit, to be a kadosh Kohenhood, to offer up spiritual zevakhim (sacrifices), acceptable to Hashem through Yeshua the Messiah.
1 Kefa 2:5 (Peter, Rock)

  1. 2 Divre Ha Yamim 2: 1-18 : Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) asks Huram to help building the Mikdash.
  2. 2 Divre Ha Yamim 3: 1-17 : Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) builds the Mikdash
  3. 2 Divre Ha Yamim 4: 1-22 : More facts about the Mikdash
  4. 2 Divre Ha Yamim 5: 1-14 : Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) brings the Ark to the Mikdash
  5. 2 Divre Ha Yamim 6: 1-42 : Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) prays to set the Mikdash apart (consecration) to the Adonay
  6. 2 Divre Ha Yamim 7: 1-10 : Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) in the process of setting the Mikdash apart to the Adonay
  7. 2 Divre Ha Yamim 7:11-22 : The ELOHIM appeared to Sh'lomo (שׁלמה)



Description and Spiritual significant

Mishkan Terumah /Tabernacle

Temporary, mobile, detachable, use in desert areas,

Ha Mikdash Temple

station, permanant, a type of "Kehilla" (Assembly) which is in His body, the fulness of Yeshua that filled all in all (Eph 1:22,23) The Kehilla (Assembly) is a "spiritual Beit built of living stones (refer 1 Peter 2:5, Eph 2:20-22). The Temple face EAST to the sun rising. Adonay required this for the Tabernacle too. Colour of the temple Blue, Purple, crimson (fruitfulness giving a link with the Kehilla.


speaks of suffering Messiah, Silver is the metal associated with Redemption and riches of Adonay's grace.


"great stones, costly stones hewed stones to lay the foundation of Ha Beit" In Ephesian 2:20 tells us of the Kehilla (Assembly) "built upon the foundation of the Tamidim and Prophets Messiah Yeshua himself is the chief cornerstone"

Outer (great) Court

for the people. A place of fellowship, Chavurah. gathering of believers, has 7 steps, measured 500 cubit square. Its principal entrance, the "ascent into Ha Beit of the Lord" was through a porch with great copper plated doors which shone brightly in the sun. No furniture

Kohenim Court

2 Chronicles 20:30 for Kohens only. Has 8 steps led up to the court which was 200 cubit - no furniture

Inner Court

1 Kings 8:64; 2 Chronicle 7:7 measured 100 cubits square, no door. This took away all hindrance of access to the Great Altar which stood in the centre of court. The position of the Altar is very significant to us. If diagonals were drawn from the opposite corners of all 3 court they would intersect at the centre of the altar

rimonim (pomegranates)

speaks of fruitfulness - the fruit of Shalom

Lilies (Iris)

speaks of Beauty and Fragrance (among torns)


speak of adornment refer Titos 2:10 "adorn the doctrine of Hashem our Messiah in all things"


speaks of strength


He shall establish ( pillar) right side


In Him is strength (pillar) left side the both ammudim (pillars) also use as postal service where they put up message to deliever to communities

doors made of fir

The Kohens passed through doors made of firs, the timber of JOY (Yesha Yahu 14:8), into the kadosh place. The floor also was of Fir, speaking of Hashem's Beit being a joyful place for our feet. The posts of the door were of Olive - the wood of Beauty (Hoshea 14:6)

Side Chambers (rooms)

Along both the north & south sides of the Mikdash building were rooms to Beit the Levites who worked in the Mikdash, opened the great doors, etc. The ground level rooms were used as storerooms and treasuries.

The chambers were 3 stories high, with 15 rooms on each level, giving a total of 90 rooms.

The chambers became larger as one ascended the levels by a winding staircase, being 5 cubits square, then 6 cubits and the top level 7 cubits.

We can learn the lesson that as eved Adonay we can "go up" in the knowledge and enjoyment of Hashem (Col 1:10)


The great stones were cut and prepared in the quarry deep beneath the city. Prepared in a quietness which was unique to such a task and speaking of the quiet work of Hashem the Ruah HaKodesh in our hearts.

The stones were all cut to the exact size needed and fitted exactly into place, as each believer in the Kehilla. Inside, the stones were plastered with silver (1 Chronicles 29:3-5). The quantity of silver needed was 356 tons. This speaks of our great Redemption.

The silver was then overlaid with beautiful cedar wood (1 Kings 6:15). This speaks to us of the excellence of the Messiah, for "His countenance is as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars" (Songs of banim 5:15). The cedar was carved to enhance this beauty. Our Adonai Yeshua Ha Mashiach is the "Lord of glory" and His beauty should be reflected by us in all our ways.

The cedar was then overlaid with zahav (1 Kings 6:22). In the Holiest alone, 30 tons of zahav was used. The nails were also of zahav and the sum of them as 21/2 tons. The zahav came from "Parvaim (2 Chron 3:6) and was renowned for its excellence.

Finally, the zahav was "garnished (covered) with precious stones for beauty (2 Chron 3:6) We can appreciate how this all speaks of "Messiah, Chosen of Hashem and precious" What a transformation for the stones once obscure in the dark quarry! We can say with the Pslmist "Let the beauty of Adonay our Hashem be upon us (Psa 90:17. Also let us value "the beauty of holiness" (Psa 29:2)

Zahav (gold)

speaks to us of His Divine glory (shekinah)


is a symbol of the execution stake of Messiah which is central to all of Hashem's plans and purposes. We can say with Shaul, "Hashem forbid that I should glory, save in the execution stake of our Adonai Yeshua Ha Mashiach.

The first sight through the open way into the inner court ws the great altar of brass. Its length and breadth were 20 cubits and height 10 cubits.

These are the same dimensions as the Holiest, teaching us that the Man of Calvary is now the Man in the Shekinah. Steps led up every side of the altar of in Ezekiel's Mikdash.

At the dedication of the HaMikdash, Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) offered 22,000 oxen and 120,000 sheep (1 Kings8:63. The altar was " too little to receive them" This emphasises the greatness of the Lord's zevach (sacrifice) at execution stake.

The Brazen Sea (Molten sea) 2 Chron 4:2-6, 10

Made of copper it was very large -5 cubits high, 10 cubits diameter and 300 cubits in cirumference. It ws 9 inches thick, weighed 33 tons and held 22,500 gallons of water when full and 15,000 gallons when in use.

its brim ws curved out like a lotus flower and an it was carved with knops an flowers . The purpose of this vessel was to enable the Kohens to wash themselves clean of all defilement before they entered into the kadosh Place.

Its great capacity teaches the "unlimited supply" of cleansing for Hashem's people today in the "washing of the water by the Word (Eph 5:26,27).

The Sea stood on 12 oxen which were divided into sets of three and placed to face north, south, east and west and correspond to the 12 Tribes of Yisrael.

They were hollow and the water of the Sea ran through their mouths to allow for Kohenly washing. This reminds us of Yochanan 7:38, 39 where Adonay said on the great day of the feast "he that believeth on me ,as the Scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water" in the oxen we learn the lesson of being "strong to labour" ( Psa 144:14) and to uphold the things of Hashem. So the Sea brings thoughts of greatness, fulness and strength.


There were 10 circular Lavers of brass, 5 on either side of the Court, engraved with lions, oxen and cherubim. Each helod 300 gallons of water and their purpose was to wash the pieces of the Olah zevakhim (sacrifices) ( in prarticular the inwards and the legs).

This cleansing spoke of the sessential purity of Adonay Yeshua Messiah as the zevach (sacrifice) at Execution Stake. In Hebrews 9:14 we read, "He offered Himself with spot to Hashem"


The zahavens walls garnished with precious stones must have shone in dazzling magnificence in the light of the 10 menorot. There 5 on each side of the kadosh Place. Each had 7 lamps giving a total of 70 shining lights. No measurements or detailed are given, (see 2 Chronicles 4:21; 1 Kings 7:49).

The Menorah are symbolic of the "truth as it is in Yeshua" (Eph 4:21). Adonay embodied all the fulness and expression of truth. There were also "lampstand of Silver (1 Chron 28:15) but these were probably used in the side chambers by the Levites.


symbolised the "Spirit of Truth", the Ruah HaKodesh whose ministry is to guide into all truth


There were 10 of these also, 5 on each side. Made wholly of pure zahav they emphasise the deity and Kavod the ONE with whom we have fellowship. There is no mention of the size of these tables, thereby indicating there is no limit to our fellowship. The Shewbread was eaten in the Mikdash weekly and has the thought of our privilege in enjoying spiritual food in Adonay's presence. The believer's fellowship is very sweet and not to be confused with friendship. It is "with the Ha AV and the Son (Ben Elohim) and with one another" (1 Yochanan 1:3,7)

Figures 10

Elements of Mitzvot, Lavers, Menorah & tables - 10 denotes the Believer's responsibility before Elohim and men.


This was the zahaven altar which stood before the Parokhet (Veil. Made of cedar wood and zahav it symbolised the excellence and Kavod the Ascended Mashiach who "ever Liveth". The Kohen HaGadol burnt incense upon it morning and evening speaks of Adonay as our KOHEN HAGODAL and his Ministry of intercession. "to all our prayers and praises" Messiah Yeshua adds His sweet perfume."


made of Olive wood (beauty) and overlaid with zahav (Shekinah). They were 10 cubits high and the spread of their wings covered the width of the Sanctuary above the Ark and their faces turned inwards gazing upon the Shekinah glory. When Adam and Eve were ban from the Garden of Eden, Cherubim were sent to guard "the way of the tree of life" and also they are guardians of the Shekinah of Elohim.

Mercy Seat

This rested upon the Ark and was of "pure zahav" (Shemot 25:17). The extraordinary thing about the Mercy Seat was its name, because it was really a lid. The absence of a seat, among both the Mishkan and HaMikdash furniture is because there was no need of one. The Kohenim work was never finished. They went on ministering until he was relieved. We see Messiah Yeshua alone could say "it is finished"