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THE DIVISION OF THE KINGDOM
Accession and folly of Rechav'am
(1 Kings 12:1-15)
10:1 And Rechav'am (רחבעם) went to Shekhem: for to Shekhem were all Yisra'el come to make him melekh.
10:2 And it came to pass, when Yarov’am Ben Nevat, who [was] in Mitzrayim, whither he had fled from the presence of Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) the melekh, heard [it], that Yarov’am returned out of Mitzrayim.
10:3 And they sent and called him. So Yarov’am and all Yisra'el came and spake to Rechav'am (רחבעם), saying:
10:4 Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore ease thou somewhat the grievous servitude of thy father, and his heavy yoke that he put upon us, and we will serve thee.
10:5 And he said unto them, Come again unto me after three days. And the people departed.
10:6 And melekh Rechav'am (רחבעם) took counsel with the old men that had stood before Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) his father while he yet lived, saying, What counsel give ye [me] to return answer to this people?
10:7 And they spake unto him, saying, If thou be kind to this people, and please them, and speak good words to them, they will be thy avadim forever.
10:8 But he forsook the counsel which the old men gave him, and took counsel with the young men that were brought up with him, that stood before him.
10:9 And he said unto them, What advice give ye that we may return answer to this people, which have spoken to me, saying, Ease somewhat the yoke that thy father did put upon us?
10:10 And the young men that were brought up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou answer the people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou [it] somewhat lighter for us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little [finger] shall be thicker than my father's loins.
10:11 For whereas my father put a heavy yoke upon you, I will put more to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I [will chastise you] with scorpions.
(1 Kings 12:16-19)
10:12 So Yarov’am and all the people came to Rechav'am (רחבעם) on the third day, as the melekh bade, saying:
Come again to me on the third day.
10:13 And the melekh answered them roughly; and melekh Rechav'am (רחבעם) forsook the counsel of the old men,
10:14 And answered them after the advice of the young men, saying:
My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add thereto: my father chastised you with whips, but I [will chastise you] with scorpions.
10:15 So the melekh hearkened not unto the people: for the cause was of Elohim (אלהים), that YHWH (יהוה) might perform His word, which he spake by the hand of Ahiyah ha Shilonite to Yarov’am Ben Nevat.
10:16 And when all Yisra'el [saw] that the melekh would not hearken unto them, the people answered the melekh, saying, What portion have we in David? and [we have] none inheritance in Ben Yishai: every man to your tents, O Yisra'el: [and] now, David, see to thine own house. So all Yisra'el went to their tents.
10:17 But [as for] benai Yisra'el that dwelt in the cities of Yehudah, Rechav'am (רחבעם) reigned over them.
10:18 Then melekh Rechav'am (רחבעם) sent Hadoram that [was] over the tribute; and benai Yisra'el stoned him with stones, that he died. But melekh Rechav'am (רחבעם) made speed to get him up to [his] chariot, to flee to Yerushalayim.
10:19 And Yisra'el rebelled against beit David unto this day.
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Rechav'am (רחבעם) - English bible version uses the Vulgate spelling Rehoboam “a people has enlarged”
The son and successor of Sh'lomo, the last king to claim the throne of old Israel and the first melekh Yehudah after the division of the kingdom. He was born circa 978 BC. His mother was Naamah, an Ammonitess. The account of his reign is contained in 1Ki_14:21-31; 2 Ch 10 through 12. The incidents leading to the disruption of the kingdom are told in 1 Ki 11:43 through 12:24; 2 Ch 9:31 through 11:4.
1. The Disruption of the Kingdom
2. Underlying Causes of Disruption
3. Shemayah Forbids Civil War
4. Rechav'am's Prosperity
5. Shishak's Invasion
6. His Death