Neviim Rishonim:

melekhhim Alef /

1 Kings Chapter 1

Commonly called SEFER HA SHALOSH MELEKHIM

(The Third book of the Kings)

Key Themes:

The importance of being faithful to the Covenant

The building of the Temple

The role of Neviim in general and to Eliyahu and Elisha in particular

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22

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Adoniyah's attempt to seize the Throne 1- 38

1:1 Now melech Daviyd (דּויד ) was old [and] stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat.

1:2 Wherefore his avadim said to him, Let there be sought for my master the melech a young virgin: and let her stand before the melech, and let her cherish him, and let her lie in thy bosom, that my master the melech may get heat.

1:3 So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Yisrael, and found Avi'Shag a Shunammite, and brought her to the melech.

1:4 And the damsel [was] very fair, and cherished the melech, and ministered to him: but the melech knew her not.

Adoniyah Sets Himself  Up as King

1:5 Then Adoniyah Ben Chaggit exalted himself, saying, I will be king: and he prepared him chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him.

1:6 (And his father had not rebuked him at any time by saying, "Why have you done so?" He was also very good-looking. His mother had borne him after Av'Shalom.)

1:7 And he conferred with Yoav Ben ZeruYah, and with Evy'atar ha Kohen: and they following Adoniyah helped [him].

1:8 But Tzadok ha Kohen, and Benayahu Ben Yehoyada, and Natan haNavi, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which [belonged] to Daviyd (דּויד ), were not with Adoniyah.

1:9 And Adoniyah slew sheep and oxen and chelvei (fat) cattle by the stone of Zochelet, which [is] by En-rogel, and called all his brethren the king's sons, and all the men of Yehudah the king's avadim:

1:10 But Natan haNavi, and Benayahu, and the mighty men, and Sh'lomo his brother, he called not.

Plan of Natan n Bat'Sheva

1:11   So Natan spoke to Bat'Sheva the mother of Sh'lomo, saying, "Have you not heard that Adoniyah Ben Chaggit has become king, and Daviyd (דּויד ) our master does not know it?

1:12 Now therefore come, let me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, that Thou mayest save thine own life, and the life of thy son Sh'lomo.

1:13 Go and get thee in to melech Daviyd (דּויד ), and say to him, Didst not Thou, my adoni, O melech, swear to thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Sh'lomo thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adoniyah reign?

1:14 Hinnei, while Thou yet talkest there with the melech, I also will come in after thee, and confirm thy words.

1:15 And Bat'Sheva went in to the melech into the chamber: and the melech was very old; and Avi'Shag the Shunammite ministered to the melech.

1:16 And Bat'Sheva bowed, and did obeisance to the melech. And the melech said, What wouldest Thou?

1:17 And she said to him, My master, Thou swarest by ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha to thine handmaid, [saying], Assuredly Sh'lomo thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne.

1:18 And now, hinnei, Adoniyah reigneth; and now, my master the melech, Thou knowest [it] not:

1:19 And he hath slain oxen and chelvei (fat) cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all benai the melech, and Evyatar ha Kohen, and Yoav the sar Tzava (Army): but Sh'lomo thy eved hath he not called.

1:20 And Thou, my master, O melech, the eyes of all Yisrael [are] upon thee, that Thou shouldest tell them who shall sit on the throne of my master the melech after him.

1:21 Otherwise it shall come to pass, when my master the melech shall sleep with his Avot, that I and my son Sh'lomo shall be counted offenders.

1:22 And, Hinnei, while she yet talked with the melech, Natan haNavi also came in.

1:23 And they told the melech, saying, hinnei Natan haNavi. And when he was come in before the melech, he bowed himself before the melech with his face to the ground.

1:24 And Natan said, My master, O melech, hast Thou said, Adoniyah shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne?

1:25 For he is gone down this day, and hath slain oxen and chelvei (fat) cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the king's sons, and the captains of the Tzava (Army), and Evy'atar ha Kohen; and, hinnei, they eat and drink before him, and say, Elohim (אלהים) save melech Adoniyah.

1:26 But me, [even] me thy eved, and Tzadok ha Kohen, and Benayahu Ben Yehoyada, and thy eved Sh'lomo, hath he not called.

1:27 Is this thing done by my master the melech, and Thou hast not shewed [it] to thy eved, who should sit on the throne of my master the melech after him?

1:28 Then melech Daviyd (דּויד ) answered and said, Call me Bat'Sheva. And she came into the king's presence, and stood before the melech.

1:29 And the melech sware, and said, [As] ADONAI (יהוה) liveth, that hath redeemed my nefesh out of all distress,

1:30 Even as I sware to thee by ADONAI (יהוה) Elohim (אלהים) of Yisrael, saying, Assuredly Sh'lomo thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my stead; even so will I certainly do this day.

1:31 Then Bat'Sheva bowed with [her] face to the eretz, and did reverence to the melech, and said, Let my adoni melech Daviyd (דּויד ) live forever.

1:32 And melech Daviyd (דּויד ) said, Call me Tzadok ha Kohen, and Natan haNavi, and Benayahu Ben Yehoyada. And they came before the melech.

1:33 The melech also said to them:

Take with you the avadim of your adoni, and cause Sh'lomo my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon:

1:34 And let Tzadok ha Kohen and Natan haNavi anoint him there melech over Yisrael: and blow ye with the shofar, and say, Elohim (אלהים) save melech Sh'lomo.

1:35 Then ye shall come up after him, that he may come and sit upon my throne; for he shall be melech in my stead: and I have appointed him to be ruler over Yisrael and over Yehudah.

1:36 And Benayahu Ben Yehoyada answered the melech, and said, Amen: ADONAI (יהוה) Elohim (אלהים) of my master the melech say so [too].

1:37 As ADONAI (יהוה) hath been with my master the melech, even so be he with Sh'lomo, and make his throne greater than the throne of my master melech Daviyd (דּויד ).

Melekh Sh'lomo's Second Anointing at Gihon 39- 53

1:38 So Tzadok ha Kohen, and Natan haNavi, and Benayahu Ben Yehoyada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, went down, and caused Sh'lomo to ride upon melech Daviyd (דּויד )'s mule, and brought him to Gihon.

1:39 And Tzadok ha Kohen took an keren (horn of) oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Sh'lomo. And they blew the shofar; and all the people said, Elohim (אלהים) save melech Sh'lomo.

1:40 And all the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes, and rejoiced with great joy, so that the eretz rent with the sound of them.

1:41 And Adoniyah and all the guests that [were] with him heard [it] as they had made an end of eating. And when Yoav heard the sound of the shofar, he said,

Wherefore [is this] noise of the city being in an uproar?

1:42 And while he yet spoke, hinnei, Yonatan Ben Evy'atar ha Kohen came: and Adoniyah said to him, Come in; for Thou [art] a valiant man, and bringest good tidings.

1:43 And Yonatan answered and said to Adoniyah,

Verily our master melech Daviyd (דּויד ) hath made Sh'lomo melech.

1:44 And the melech hath sent with him Tzadok ha Kohen, and Natan ha Navi, and Benayahu Ben Yehoyada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and they have caused him to ride upon the king's mule:

1:45 And Tzadok ha Kohen and Natan ha Navi have anointed him melech in Gihon: and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This [is] the noise that ye have heard.

1:46 And also Sh'lomo sitteth on the throne of the malkut.

1:47 And moreover the king's avadim came to bless our master melech Daviyd (דּויד ), saying, Elohim (אלהים) make the Name of Sh'lomo better than thy name, and make his throne greater than thy throne. And the melech bowed himself upon the bed.

1:48 And also thus said the melekh:

Blessed [be] ADONAI (יהוה) Elohim (אלהים) of Yisrael, which hath given [one] to sit on my throne this day, mine eyes even seeing [it].

1:49 And all the guests that [were] with Adoniyah were afraid, and rose up, and went every man his derek.

1:50 And Adoniyah feared because of Sh'lomo, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the karnot (horns) of the Mitzbe'ach (altar).

1:51 And it was told Sh'lomo, saying, hinnei, Adoniyah feareth melech Sh'lomo: for, lo, he hath caught hold on the karnot (horns) of the Mitzbe'ach (altar), saying, Let melech Sh'lomo swear to me to day that he will not slay his eved with the sword.

1:52 And Sh'lomo said, If he will shew himself a worthy man, there shall not an hair of him fall to the eretz: but if wickedness shall be found in him, he shall die.

1:53 So melech Sh'lomo sent, and they brought him down from the Mitzbe'ach (altar). And he came and bowed himself to melech Sh'lomo: and Sh'lomo said to him, Go to thine Beit.


1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22

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outline

  • Isra’el United David’s death and Shlomo’s anointing    1:1–2:11
  • Shlomo’s wealth and wisdom      2:12–4:34
  • Shlomo builds the Temple      5:1–9:28
  • The queen of Sh’va visits      10:1–29
  • Shlomo’s fall      11:1–43
  • Isra’el Divided Rechav‘am’s choice divides the kingdom      12:1–24
  • Yarov‘am’s reign      12:25–14:20
  • Rechav‘am’s reign      14:21–31
  • Reigns of various kings      15:1–16:34
  • Eliyahu’s ministry      17:1–22:53
  • even Zochete, snake Stone   [RASHI EXPLAINS] The stone of Zocheles. A huge stone used by the young men to test their strength by moving or dragging it. An expression similar to “moving [זוחלין] water, or, “those that creep [זוחלי] on the earth. [Targum] Yonoson rendered [אבן זוחלת as] אבן סכותא [=a lookout stone], upon which people stand and look far into the distance.

    [RASHI EXPLAINS] Ein-Rogel. [Targum] Yonoson rendered [עין רוגל as] עין קצרא, which is [a well]22 used by a clothes washer who would press the woolen clothes with his feet [=רגליו], by trampling [on them].