Neviim Rishonim Melekhim Alef / 1 Kings Chapter 6

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Description and construction of the temple

6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the benai Yisrael were come out of the eretz Mitzrayim, in the fourth year of Sh'lomo (שׁלמה)'s reign over Yisrael, in the month Ziv, which [is] the second month, that he began to build the bayit YHWH (יהוה).

6:2 And the bayit which melekh Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) built for YHWH (יהוה), the length thereof [was] threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty [cubits], and the height thereof thirty cubits.

6:3 And the porch before the temple of the bayit, twenty cubits [was] the length thereof, according to the breadth of the bayit; [and] ten cubits [was] the breadth thereof before the bayit.

6:4 And for the bayit he made windows of narrow lights.

6:5 And against the wall of the bayit he built chambers round about, [against] the walls of the bayit round about, [both] of the temple and of the debir (oracle): and he made chambers round about:

6:6 The takton yatsua (lowest bed,couch) [was] five cubits broad, and the middle [was] six cubits broad, and the third [was] seven cubits broad: for without [in the wall] of the bayit he made narrowed rests round about, that [the beams] should not be fastened in the walls of the bayit.

6:7 And the bayit, when it was in building, was built of stone made ready before it was brought thither: so that there was neither hammer nor axe [nor] any tool of iron heard in the bayit, while it was in building.

6:8 The door for the tiykon tzalah (middle chamber) [was] in the right side of the bayit: and they went up with winding stairs into the tiykon [chamber], and out of the middle into the third.

6:9 So he built the bayit, and finished it; and covered the bayit with beams and boards of cedar.

6:10 And [then] he built yatsua (chambers) against all the bayit, five cubits high: and they rested on the bayit [with] timber of cedar.

6:11 And the Dvar YHWH (יהוה) came to Sh'lomo (שׁלמה), saying,

6:12 [Concerning] this bayit which Thou art in building, if Thou wilt halak in my chukkot (statutes), and execute my mishpatim, and shomer all my mitzvah to halak in them; then will I perform my Dvar with thee, which I spake unto Daviyd (דּויד ) thy avi:

6:13 And I will dwell among the benai Yisrael, and will not forsake My people Yisrael.

6:14 So Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) built the bayit, and finished it.

6:15 And he built the walls of the bayit within with boards of cedar, both the floor of the bayit, and the walls of the cieling: [and] he covered [them] on the inside with wood, and covered the floor of the bayit with planks of fir.

6:16 And he built twenty cubits on the sides of the bayit, both the floor and the walls with boards of cedar: he even built [them] for it within, [even] for the debir (oracle), [even] for the most holy [place].

6:17 And the bayit, that [is], the temple before it, was forty cubits [long].

6:18 And the cedar of the bayit within [was] carved with knops and open flowers: all [was] cedar; there was no stone seen.

6:19 And the debir (oracle) he prepared in the bayit within, to set there ha Aron the Brit YHWH (יהוה).

6:20 And the debir (oracle) in the forepart [was] twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof: and he overlaid it with pure zach'av (gold); and [so] covered the Mitzbe'ach (altar) [which was of] cedar.

6:21 So Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) overlaid the bayit within with pure zach'av (gold): and he made a partition by the chains of zach'av (gold) before the debir (oracle); and he overlaid it with zach'av (gold).

6:22 And the whole bayit he overlaid with zach'av (gold), until he had finished all the bayit: also the whole Mitzbe'ach (altar) that [was] by the debir (oracle) he overlaid with zach'av (gold).

6:23 And within the debir (oracle) he made two keruvim [of] olive tree, [each] ten cubits high.

6:24 And five cubits [was] the one wing of the Keruv, and five cubits the other wing of the Keruv: from the uttermost part of the one wing unto the uttermost part of the other [were] ten cubits.

6:25 And the other Keruv [was] ten cubits: both the keruvim [were] of one measure and one size.

6:26 The height of the one Keruv [was] ten cubits, and so [was it] of the other Keruv.

6:27 And he set the keruvim within the inner bayit: and they stretched forth the kenafayim (wings) of the keruvim, so that the wing of the one touched the [one] wall, and the wing of the other Keruv touched the other wall; and their kenafayim (wings) touched one another in the midst of the bayit.

6:28 And he overlaid the keruvim with zach'av (gold).

6:29 And he carved all the walls of the bayit round about with carved figures of keruvim and palm trees and open flowers, within and without.

6:30 And the floor of the bayit he overlaid with zach'av (gold), within and without.

6:31 And for the entering of the debir (oracle) he made doors [of] olive tree: the lintel [and] side posts [were] a fifth part [of the wall].

6:32 The two doors also [were of] olive tree; and he carved upon them carvings of keruvim and palm trees and open flowers, and overlaid [them] with zach'av (gold), and spread zach'av (gold) upon the keruvim, and upon the palm trees.

6:33 So also made he for the door of the temple posts [of] olive tree, a fourth part [of the wall].

6:34 And the two doors [were of] fir tree: the two leaves of the one door [were] folding, and the two leaves of the other door [were] folding.

6:35 And he carved [thereon] keruvim and palm trees and open flowers: and covered [them] with zach'av (gold) fitted upon the carved work.

6:36 And he built the Khatzer HaPenimit  (Inner Court) with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams.

6:37 In the fourth year was the yasad (foundation) of the bayit YHWH (יהוה) laid, in the month Ziv :

6:38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which [is] the eighth month (cheshvan), was the bayit finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he sheva shanim (seven years) in building it.


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Cheshvan is the eighth month according to the biblical calendar. The name "Cheshvan" is the Babylonian name of the month. The older biblical (or Canaanite) name of the month is "Bul" as it says in 1 Kings 6:38, "And in the eleventh year, in the month of Bul, which is the eighth month, the house was finished..."

As the previous verse stated, it was during the month of Cheshvan that King Solomon completed his seven-year construction of the First Temple. Because of this, the sages say that Cheshvan should have had a festival. Yet, the Temple stood empty for 11 months and was not dedicated until the following Tishrei (see 1 Kings 8). According to the sages, since the month of Cheshvan did not receive a feast and lost it to Tishrei, one day it will receive a festival, just as Kislev gained a feast (Hanukkah) during the days of the Maccabees.

More transpired during Cheshvan in the time of the kings. In the generation following Solomon, King Jeroboam set up two golden calves in Bethel and Dan. He instituted a feast on the fifteenth day of Cheshvan. (Needless to say, this is not the feast that the sages said Cheshvan was to receive.)

Also in the days of Noah, 17 Cheshvan may have been the day that the Great Flood began. Genesis 7:11 says, "In the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened." The sages debated whether this referred to Iyyar (the second month counting from Nisan) or Cheshvan (the second month counting from Tishrei). It was determined that this second month was Cheshvan, due to the fact that Nisan was not considered the beginning of the months until the time of the Exodus (see Exodus 12:2).

Similarly, Cheshvan is the beginning of rainy season in the land of Israel. This change is reflected in the second benediction of the Amidah prayer. During Cheshvan, the phrase "who causes the wind blow and sends down the rain" is added to this benediction. With it, we extol HaShem as the Powerful One who resurrects the dead, heals the sick, sets captives free, and brings forth salvation.

So whether remembering the Temple, the Great Flood, or the everyday blessings of rain, Cheshvan teaches us about the might of God. He is awesome and powerful. We depend on him for our every need. "For us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist" (1 Corinthians 8:6). Though there may not be any festivals in Cheshvan, we can rejoice and be thankful for the constant provision that God provides for us through our Master Yeshua.

Bul - increase produce, (nov- Dec)

Ziv - brightness (apr - May)

yasad - foundation Yesod

Shlomo-Tmple-floor-plan.gif

 

The most unique about  the First Temple, Melekh Shlomo built large keruvim made of Shemen wood and overlaid them with gold. Their faces were turned toward the Heikhal and their wing span covered over the Aron ha Brit YHWH (read Melekhim Alef 6:23-28)

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