Neviim Rishonim Melekhim Alef / 1 Kings Chapter 7

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The construction of other buildings

7:1 But Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) was building his own bayit thirteen years, and he finished all his bayit.

7:2 He built also the bayit the forest of Levanon; the length thereof [was] an hundred cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar ammudim (pillars), with cedar beams upon the ammudim (pillars).

7:3 And [it was] covered with cedar above upon the beams, that [lay] on forty five ammudim (pillars), fifteen [in] a row.

7:4 And [there were] windows [in] three rows, and light [was] against light [in] three ranks.

7:5 And all the petach (doorways) and Mezuzah (doorposts) [were] square, with the windows: and light [was] against light [in] three ranks.

7:6 And he made a porch of ammudim (pillars); the length thereof [was] fifty cubits, and the breadth thereof thirty cubits: and the porch [was] before them: and the [other] ammudim (pillars) and the thick beam [were] before them.

7:7 Then he made a porch for the throne where he might shofat, [even] the porch of mishpat: and [it was] covered with cedar from one side of the floor to the other.

7:8 And his bayit where he dwelt [had] another court within the porch, [which] was of the like work. Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) made also an bayit for Paroh's daughter, whom he had taken [to wife], like unto this porch.

7:9 All these [were of] costly stones, according to the measures of hewed stones, sawed with saws, within and without, even from the massad (foundation) unto the coping, and [so] on the outside toward the Khatzer HaGedolah (Great Court).

7:10 And the yasad (foundation) [was of] costly stones, even great stones, stones of ten cubits, and stones of eight cubits.

7:11 And above [were] costly stones, after the measures of hewed stones, and cedars.

7:12 And the Khatzer HaGedolah (Great Court) round about [was] with three rows of hewed stones, and a row of cedar beams, both for the Khatzer HaPenimit  (Inner Court) of the bayit YHWH (יהוה), and for the porch of the bayit.

Furnishings of the Temple 13 - 51

7:13 And melekh Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre.

7:14 He [was] a widow's son of the tribe of Naftali, and his avi [was] a man of Tyre, a worker in nekoshet (brass): and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in nekoshet (brass). And he came to melekh Sh'lomo (שׁלמה), and wrought all his work.

7:15 For he cast two ammudim (pillars) of nekoshet (brass), of eighteen cubits high apiece: and a line of twelve cubits did compass either of them about.

7:16 And he made two kotheret (chapiter)s [of] yatzak (molten) nekoshet (brass), to set upon the tops of the ammudim (pillars): the height of the one kotheret (chapiter) [was] five cubits, and the height of the other kotheret (chapiter) [was] five cubits:

7:17 [And] nets of checker work, and wreaths of chain work, for the kotheret (chapiter)s which [were] upon the top of the ammudim (pillars); seven for the one kotheret (chapiter), and seven for the other kotheret (chapiter).

7:18 And he made the ammudim (pillars), and two rows round about upon the one network, to cover the kotheret (chapiter)s that [were] upon the top, with rimmon (pomegranates): and so did he for the other kotheret (chapiter).

7:19 And the kotheret (chapiter)s that [were] upon the top of the ammudim (pillars) [were] of shushan (lily) work in the porch, four cubits.

7:20 And the kotheret (chapiter)s upon the two ammudim (pillars) [had rimmon (pomegranates)] also above, over against the belly which [was] by the network: and the rimmon (pomegranates) [were] two hundred in rows round about upon the other kotheret (chapiter).

7:21 And he set up the ammudim (pillars) in the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called the name thereof Yachin: and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof Boaz.

7:22 And upon the top of the ammudim (pillars) [was] shushan (lily) work: so was the work of the ammudim (pillars) finished.

7:23 And he made a yam yatzak (molten sea), ten cubits from the one brim to the other: [it was] round all about, and his height [was] five cubits: and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about.

7:24 And under the brim of it round about [there were] knops compassing it, ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about: the knops [were] cast in two rows, when it was cast.

7:25 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea [was set] above upon them, and all their hinder parts [were] inward.

7:26 And it [was] an hand breadth thick, and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies: it contained two Thousand baths.

7:27 And he made ten bases of nekoshet (brass); four cubits [was] the length of one base, and four cubits the breadth thereof, and three cubits the height of it.

7:28 And the work of the bases [was] on this [manner]: they had borders, and the borders [were] between the ledges:

7:29 And on the borders that [were] between the ledges [were] lions, oxen, and keruvim: and upon the ledges [there was] a base above: and beneath the lions and oxen [were] certain additions made of thin work.

7:30 And every base had four nekoshet wheels, and plates of nekoshet (brass): and the four corners thereof had undersetters: under the kiyor (laver) [were] undersetters yatzak (molten), at the side of every addition.

7:31 And the mouth of it within the kotheret (chapiter) and above [was] a cubit: but the mouth thereof [was] round [after] the work of the base, a cubit and an half: and also upon the mouth of it [were] gravings with their borders, foursquare, not round.

7:32 And under the borders [were] four wheels; and the axletrees of the wheels [were joined] to the base: and the height of a wheel [was] a cubit and half a cubit.

7:33 And the work of the wheels [was] like the work of a chariot wheel: their axletrees, and their naves, and their felloes, and their spokes, [were] all yatzak (molten).

7:34 And [there were] four undersetters to the four corners of one base: [and] the undersetters [were] of the very base itself.

7:35 And in the top of the base [was there] a round compass of half a cubit high: and on the top of the base the ledges thereof and the borders thereof [were] of the same.

7:36 For on the plates of the ledges thereof, and on the borders thereof, he graved keruvim, lions, and palm trees, according to the proportion of every one, and additions round about.

7:37 After this [manner] he made the ten bases: all of them had one casting, one measure, [and] one size.

7:38 Then made he ten kiyor (laver)s of nekoshet (brass): one kiyor (laver) contained forty baths: [and] every kiyor (laver) was four cubits: [and] upon every one of the ten bases one kiyor (laver).

7:39 And he put five bases on the right side of the bayit, and five on the left side of the bayit: and he set the sea on the right side of the bayit eastward over against the south.

7:40 And Hiram made the kiyor (laver)s, and the shovels, and the basons. So Hiram made an end of doing all the work that he made melekh Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) for the bayit YHWH (יהוה):

7:41 The two ammudim (pillars), and the [two] bowls of the kotheret (chapiter)s that [were] on the top of the two ammudim (pillars); and the two networks, to cover the two bowls of the kotheret (chapiter)s which [were] upon the top of the ammudim (pillars);

7:42 And four hundred rimmon (pomegranates) for the two networks, [even] two rows of rimmon (pomegranates) for one network, to cover the two bowls of the kotheret (chapiter)s that [were] upon the ammudim (pillars);

7:43 And the ten bases, and ten kiyor (laver)s on the bases;

7:44 And one sea, and twelve oxen under the sea;

7:45 And the pots, and the shovels, and the basons: and all these vessels, which Hiram made to melekh Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) for the bayit YHWH (יהוה), [were of] bright nekoshet (brass).

7:46 In the plain of Yarden did the melekh cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan.

7:47 And Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) left all the vessels [unweighed], because they were exceeding many: neither was the weight of the nekoshet (brass) found out.

7:48 And Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) made all the vessels that [pertained] unto the bayit YHWH (יהוה): the Mitzbe'ach (altar) of zahav (gold), and the table of zahav (gold), whereupon the shewbread [was],

7:49 And the menorah of pure zahav (gold), five on the right [side], and five on the left, before the debir (oracle), with the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs [of] zahav (gold),

7:50 And the bowls, and the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers [of] pure zahav (gold); and the hinges [of] zahav (gold), [both] for the doors of the inner bayit, the most holy [place, and] for the doors of the bayit, [to wit], of the temple.

7:51 So was ended all the work that melekh Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) made for the bayit YHWH (יהוה). And Sh'lomo (שׁלמה) brought in the things which Daviyd (דּויד ) his avi had dedicated; [even] the kesef, and the zahav (gold), and the vessels, did he put among the treasures of the bayit YHWH (יהוה).

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Description and Spiritual significant

Mishkan Terumah /Tabernacle

Temporary, mobile, detachable, use in desert areas,

Ha Mikdash Temple

station, permanant, a type of "Kehilla" (church) which is in His body, the fulness of Yeshua that filled all in all (Eph 1:22,23) The Kehilla (church) is a "spiritual bayit built of living stones (refer 1 Peter 2:5, Eph 2:20-22). The Temple face EAST to the sun rising. Yahweh required this for the Tabernacle too. Colour of the temple Blue, Purple, crimson (fruitfulness giving a link with the Kehilla.

kesef (Silver)

speaks of suffering MessYah, kesef is the metal associated with Redemption and riches of Yahweh's grace.

Yasad / masad FOUNDATION

"great stones, costly stones hewed stones to lay the foundation of the bayit" In Ephesian 2:20 tells us of the Kehilla (church) "built upon the foundation of the Tamidim and Neviim MessYah Yeshua himself is the chief cornerstone"

Katzer HaGedolah (great) Court

for the people. A place of fellowship, Chavurah. gathering of believers, has 7 steps, measured 500 cubit square. Its principal entrance, the "ascent into the bayit Adonay (אדני)" was through a porch with great copper plated doors which shone brightly in the sun. No furniture

Kohenim Court

2 Chronicles 20:30 for Kohenim only. Has 8 steps led up to the court which was 200 cubit - no furniture

Khatzer HaPenimit  (Inner Court)

1 Kings 8:64; 2 Chronicle 7:7 measured 100 cubits square, no door. This took away all hindrance of access to the Great Mitzbe'ach (altar) which stood in the centre of court. The position of the Mitzbe'ach (altar) is very significant to us. If diagonals were drawn from the opposite corners of all 3 court they would intersect at the centre of the Mitzbe'ach (altar)

rimmon (pomegranates)

speaks of fruitfulness - the fruit of Shalom

Lilies (Iris)

speaks of Beauty and Fragrance (among torns)


speak of adornment refer Titus 2:10 "adorn the doctrine of Elohim our MessYah in all things"


speaks of strength


He shall establish ( pillar) right side


In Him is strength (pillar) left side the both ammudim (pillars) also use as postal service where they put up message to deliever to communities

doors made of fir

ha Kohenim passed through doors made of firs, the timber of JOY (Yesha Yahu 14:8), into the Holy place. The floor also was of Fir, speamelekh Elohim's bayit being a joyful place for our feet. The posts of the door were of Olive - the wood of Beauty (Hosea 14:6)

Side Chambers (rooms)

Along both the north & south sides of the Mikdash building were rooms to bayit the Levi'im who worked in the Mikdash, opened the great doors, etc. The ground level rooms were used as storerooms and treasuries.

The chambers were 3 stories high, with 15 rooms on each level, giving a total of 90 rooms.

The chambers became larger as one ascended the levels by a winding staircase, being 5 cubits square, then 6 cubits and the top level 7 cubits.

We can learn the lesson that as eved of Adonay we can "go up" in the knowledge and enjoyment of Elohim (Col 1:10)


The great stones were cut and prepared in the quarry deep beneath the city. Prepared in a quietness which was unique to such a task and speamelekh the quiet work of Elohim the Ruah HaKodesh in levavenu (our hearts).

The stones were all cut to the exact size needed and fitted exactly into place, as each believer in the Kehilla. Inside, the stones were plastered with kesef (1 Chronicles 29:3-5). The quantity of kesef needed was 356 tons. This speaks of our great Redemption.

The kesef was then overlaid with beautiful cedar wood (1 Kings 6:15). This speaks to us of the excellence of the MessYah, for "His countenance is as Levanon, excellent as the cedars" (Songs of Sons 5:15). The cedar was carved to enhance this beauty. Our Adonai Yeshua Ha Mashiach is the "YHWH (יהוה) of glory" and His beauty should be reflected by us in all our derek.

The cedar was then overlaid with zahav (gold) (1 Kings 6:22). In the Holiest alone, 30 tons of zahav (gold) was used. The nails were also of zahav (gold) and the sum of them as 21/2 tons. The zahav (gold) came from "Parvaim (2 Chron 3:6) and was renowned for its excellence.

Finally, the zahav (gold) was "garnished (covered) with precious stones for beauty (2 Chron 3:6) We can appreciate how this all speaks of "MessYah, Chosen of Elohim and precious" What a transformation for the stones once obscure in the dAron quarry! We can say with the Pslmist "Let the beauty of Adonay our Elohim be upon us (Psa 90:17. Also let us value "the beauty of holiness" (Psa 29:2)

zahav (gold)

speaks to us of His Divine glory (shekinah)

BRAZEN Mitzbe'ach (altar) 2Chron 4:1

is a symbol of the execution stake of MessYah which is central to all of Elohim's plans and purposes. We can say with Shaul, "Elohim forbid that I should glory, save in the execution stake of our Adonai Yeshua Ha Mashiach.

The first sight through the open derek into the Khatzer HaPenimit  (Inner Court) ws the great Mitzbe'ach (altar) of nekoshet (brass). Its length and breadth were 20 cubits and height 10 cubits.

These are the same dimensions as the Holiest, teaching us that the Man of Calvary is now the Man in the Shekinah. Steps led up every side of the Mitzbe'ach (altar) of in Ezekiel's Mikdash.

At the dedication of the HaMikdash, Sh'lomo offered 22,000 oxen and 120,000 sheep (1 Kings8:63. The Mitzbe'ach (altar) was " too little to receive them" This emphasises the greatness of Adonay (אדני)'s sacrifice at execution stake.

The Brazen Sea (yatzak (molten) sea) 2 Chron 4:2-6, 10

Made of copper it was very large -5 cubits high, 10 cubits diameter and 30 cubits in cirumference. It ws 9 inches thick, weighed 33 tons and held 22,500 gallons of water when full and 15,000 gallons when in use.

its brim ws curved out like a lotus flower and an it was carved with knops an flowers . The purpose of this vessel was to enable ha Kohenim to wash themselves clean of all defilement before they entered into the Holy Place.

Its great capacity teaches the "unlimited supply" of cleansing for Elohim's people today in the "washing of the water by the Dvar (Eph 5:26,27).

The Sea stood on 12 oxen which were divided into sets of three and placed to face north, south, east and west and correspond to the 12 Tribes of Yisrael.

They were hollow and the water of the Sea ran through their mouths to allow for priestly washing. This reminds us of Yochanan 7:38, 39 where Adonay said on the great day of the feast "he that believeth on me ,as the Scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water" in the oxen we learn the lesben being "strong to labour" ( Psa 144:14) and to uphold the things of Elohim. So the Sea brings Thoughts of greatness, fulness and strength.

kiyor (laver)

There were 10 circular kiyor (laver)s of nekoshet (brass), 5 on either side of the Court, engraved with lions, oxen and cherubim. Each helod 300 gallons of water and their purpose was to wash the pieces of the burnt offering sacrifices ( in prarticular the inwards and the legs).

This cleansing spoke of the sessential purity of Adonay Yeshua MessYah as the Sacrifice at Execution Stake. In Hebrews 9:14 we read, "He offered Himself with spot to Elohim"


The zahav (gold)ens walls garnished with precious stones must have shone in dazzling magnificence in the light of the 10 candlestick. There 5 on each side of the Holy Place. Each had 7 lamps giving a total of 70 shining lights. No measurements or detailed are given, (see 2 Chronicles 4:21; 1 Kings 7:49).

The Menorah are symbolic of the "emet as it is in Yeshua" (Eph 4:21). Adonay embodied all the fulness and expression of emet. There were also "lampstand of kesef (1 Chron 28:15) but these were probably used in the side chambers by the Levi'im.


symbolised the "Spirit of emet", the Ruah HaKodesh whose ministry is to guide into all emet


There were 10 of these also, 5 on each side. Made wholly of pure zahav (gold) they emphasise the deity and glory of the ONE with whom we have fellowship. There is no mention of the size of these tables, thereby indicating there is no limit to our fellowship. The Shewbread was eaten in the Mikdash weekly and has the Thought of our privilege in enjoying spiritual food in Adonay's presence. The believer's fellowship is very sweet and not to be confused with friendship. It is "with the Ha AV and the Son (Ben Elohim) and with one another" (1 Yochanan 1:3,7)

Figures 10

Elements of Mitzvot, kiyor (laver)s, Menorah & tables - 10 denotes the Believer's responsibility before Elohim and men.

Mitzbe'ach (altar) OF INCENSE

This was the zahav (gold)en Mitzbe'ach (altar) which stood before the Parokhet (Veil. Made of cedar wood and zahav (gold) it symbolised the excellence and glory of the Ascended Mashiach who "ever Liveth". ha Kohen HaGadol burnt incense upon it morning and evening speaks of Adonay as our KOHEN HAYHWH (יהוה)AL and his Ministry of intercession. "to all our tefillahs and praises" MessYah Yeshua adds His sweet perfume."

2 keruvim

made of Olive wood (beauty) and overlaid with zahav (gold) (Shekinah). They were 10 cubits high and the spread of their kenafayim (wings) covered the width of the Sanctuary above the Aron and their faces turned inwards gazing upon the Shekinah glory. When Adam and Eve were ban from the Garden of Eden, Cherubim were sent to guard "the derek of the tree of life" and also they are guardians of the Shekinah of Elohim.

Mercy Seat

This rested upon the Aron and was of "pure zahav (gold)" (Shemot 25:17). The extraordinary thing about the Mercy Seat was its name, because it was really a lid. The absence of a seat, among both the Mishkan and HaMikdash furniture is because there was no need of one. ha Kohenim work was never finished. They went on ministering until he was relieved. We see MessYah Yeshua alone could say "it is finished"