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3:1 Now Yehoram Ben Ach'av began to reign over Yisra'el in Shomron the eighteenth year of Yehoshaphat melekh Yehudah, and reigned twelve years.
3:2 And he wrought evil in the sight of YHWH (יהוה); but not like his father, and like his mother: for he put away the image of ba'al that his father had made.
3:3 Nevertheless he cleaved unto the sins of Yarov`am Ben Nevat, which made Yisra'el to sin; he departed not therefrom.
3:4 And Mesha melekh Mo'av was a sheepmaster, and rendered unto the melekh Yisra'el an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool.
3:5 But it came to pass, when Ach'av was dead, that the melekh Mo'av rebelled against the melekh Yisra'el.
3:6 And melekh Yehoram went out of Shomron the same time, and numbered all Yisra'el.
3:7 And he went and sent to Yehoshaphat ha melekh Yehudah, saying:
"The melekh Mo'av hath rebelled against me: wilt thou go with me against Mo'av to battle? And he said, I will go up: I am as thou art, my people as thy people, and my horses as thy horses."
3:8 And he said:
"Which way shall we go up?"
And he answered:
"The way through the wilderness of Edom."
3:9 So the melekh Yisra'el went, and the melekh Yehudah, and the melekh Edom: and they fetched a compass of seven days' journey: and there was no water for the host, and for the cattle that followed them.
3:10 And the melekh Yisra'el said:
Alas! that YHWH (יהוה) hath called these three kings together, to deliver them into the hand of Mo'av!
3:11 But Yehoshaphat said:
"Is there not here a Navi YHWH (יהוה), that we may enquire of YHWH (יהוה) by him?"
And one of the melekh Yisra'el's servants answered and said, Here is Elisha Ben Shaphat, which poured water on the hands of Eliyahu .
3:12 And Yehoshaphat said:
"The Dvar YHWH (יהוה) is with him. So the melekh Yisra'el and Yehoshaphat and the melekh Edom went down to him."
3:13 And Elisha said unto the melekh Yisra'el:
"What have I to do with thee?"
Get thee to the Neviim of thy father, and to the Neviim of thy mother.
And the melekh Yisra'el said unto him:
Nay: for YHWH (יהוה) hath called these three kings together, to deliver them into the hand of Mo'av.
3:14 And Elisha said:
"As YHWH (יהוה) Tzva'ot liveth, before whom I stand, surely, were it not that I regard the presence of Yehoshaphat the melekh Yehudah, I would not look toward thee, nor see thee."
3:15 But now bring me a menagen (minstrel). And it came to pass, when the minstrel played, that the hand of YHWH (יהוה) came upon him.
3:16 And he said:
Thus saith YHWH (יהוה):
Make this valley full of ditches.
3:17 For thus saith YHWH (יהוה):
"Ye shall not see wind, neither shall ye see rain; yet that valley shall be filled with water, that ye may drink, both ye, and your cattle, and your beasts.
3:18 And this is but a light thing in the sight of YHWH (יהוה):
He will deliver the Mo'avites also into your hand.
3:19 And ye shall smite every fenced city, and every choice city, and shall fell every good tree, and stop all wells of water, and mar every good piece of land with stones.
3:20 And it came to pass in the morning, when the Minchah was offered, that, behold, there came water by the way of Edom, and the country was filled with water.
3:21 And when all the Mo'avites heard that the kings were come up to fight against them, they gathered all that were able to put on armour, and upward, and stood in the border.
3:22 And they rose up early in the morning, and the sun shone upon the water, and the Mo'avites saw the water on the other side as red as blood:
3:23 And they said:
"This is blood:
the kings are surely slain, and they have smitten one another: now therefore, Mo'av, to the spoil.
3:24 And when they came to the camp of Yisra'el, the Yisra'elites rose up and smote the Mo'avites, so that they fled before them: but they went forward smiting the Mo'avites, even in their country.
3:25 And they beat down the cities, and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the wells of water, and felled all the good trees: only in Kir Charaset left they the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about it, and smote it.
3:26 And when the melekh Mo'av saw that the battle was too sore for him, he took with him seven hundred men that drew swords, to break through even unto the melekh Edom: but they could not.
3:27 Then he took his eldest son that should have reigned in his stead, and offered him for an Olah upon the wall. And there was great indignation against Yisra'el: and they departed from him, and returned to their own land.
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Minstrel is an string Musical instrument in Hebrew is call nagen
Gen 10:30 And their dwelling was from Mesha, till one comes to Sephar, a mountain of the east.
Mesha משׁא= “freedom” a region marking one of the limits of the territory of the Joktanites when they first settled in Arabia
2 Kings 3:4 And Mesha king of Moav was a sheepbreeder, and he rendered to the king of Israel in the beginning of the year, a hundred thousand lambs, and a hundred thousand rams, with the wool.
Mesha מישׁע= “deliverance” the king of Moav in the time of Ahav and Jehoram
1Chron 2:42 And the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were Mesha his firstborn, he is the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.
Mesha מישׁע = “deliverance” the eldest son of Caleb by his wife Azubah and grandson of Hezron
1 Chron 8:9 By Hodesh his wife he begot Yobav, Zibia, Mesha, Malcam,
Mesha מישׁא= “freedom” a Benyamin, son of Shaharaim by his wife Hodesh who bore him in the land of Moav
King Mesha of Moav was a king of Moavites around the 9th century BC, known most famous for writing the Mesha stele.
The Seferim Shemuel record that Moav was conquered by David (floruit c.1000-970 BCE) and retained in the territories of his son Shlomo (d. 931 BCE). Later, King Omri of Yisrael reconquered Moav after Moav was lost subsequent to King Solomon's reign. The Mesha Stele, erected by Mesha, indicates that it was Omri, melekh of the northern kingdom of Yisrael, who conquered his land. The Mesha Stele records Mesha's liberation of Moav c.850 BCE.
2 Kings and the Mesha Stele differ in their explanation for the success of the revolt: according to Mesha, "Israel has been defeated", but 2 Kings says the Israelites withdrew when Mesha sacrificed the eldest son of the Edomite king to his god Chemosh, causing Edom to withdraw from the coalition.