Neviim Rishonim:

Melekhim Bet / 2 Kings Chapter 4

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The Miraculous Ministry of Elisha (אלישׁע) (4:1–8:15)

Miraculous Provision of Oil (4:1-7)ya re et

4:1 A certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets cried out to Elisha (אלישׁע), saying,

"Your servant my husband is dead, and you know that your servant yareet YHWH (יהוה). And the creditor is coming to take my two sons to be his slaves."

4:2  So Elisha (אלישׁע) said to her,

"What shall I do for you?

Tell me, what do you have in the house?"

And she said,

"Your maidservant has nothing in the house but a jar of oil."

4:3 Then he said,

"Go, borrow vessels from everywhere, from all your neighbors—empty vessels; do not gather just a few.

4:4 And when you have come in, you shall shut the door behind you and your sons; then pour it into all those vessels, and set aside the full ones."

4:5 So she went from him and shut the door behind her and her sons, who brought the vessels to her; and she poured it out.

4:6 Now it came to pass, when the vessels were full, that she said to her son, "Bring me another vessel." And he said to her, "There is not another vessel." So the oil ceased.

4:7 Then she came and told the man of Elohim (אלהים). And he said, "Go, sell the oil and pay your debt; and you and your sons live on the rest."

4:8 Now there came a day when Elisha (אלישׁע) passed over to Shunem (שׁוּנם), where there was a prominent woman, and she persuaded him to eat lechem. And so it was, as often as he passed by, he turned in there to eat lechem.


“Hinnei, I perceive that this is a set-apart man of Elohim (אלהים), who passes by us continually.

4:10 Please, let us make a small upper room on the wall; and let us put a bed for him there, and a table and a chair and a menorah; so it will be, whenever he comes to us, he can turn in there."

4:11 And it came to be on a day that he came there, and he turned in to the upper room and lay down there.

4:12 And he said to Geichazi (גחזי) his servant:

"Call this Shunammite. And when he had called her, she stood before him.'

4:13 And he said to him, "Say now to her, 'Look, you have been concerned for us with all this care. What can I do for you? Do you want me to speak on your behalf to the king or to the commander of the army?' " She answered, "I dwell among my own people."

4:14  So he said, "What then is to be done for her?" And Geichazi (גחזי) answered, "Actually, she has no son, and her husband is old."

4:15 And he said:

"Call her. And when he had called her, she stood in the door."

4:16 Then he said, "About this time next year you shall embrace a son." And she said, "No, my master. Man of Elohim (אלהים), do not lie to your maidservant!"

4:17 And the woman conceived, and bare a son at that season that Elisha (אלישׁע) had said to her, according to the time of life.

4:18 And the child grew. And it came to be on a day that he went out to his father, to the reapers,

4:19 And he said to his father:

"My head, my head. And he said to a lad, Carry him to his mother."

4:20 When he had taken him and brought him to his mother, he sat on her knees till noon, and then died.

4:21 And she went up, and laid him on the bed of the man of Elohim (אלהים), and shut [the door] upon him, and went out.

4:22 Then she called to her husband, and said, "Please send me one of the young men and one of the donkeys, that I may run to the man of Elohim (אלהים) and come back."

4:23 So he said, "Why are you going to him today? It is neither Rosh Chodesh nor Shabbat." And she said, "Shalom."

4:24 Then she saddled a donkey, and said to her servant, "Drive, and go forward; do not slow down the pace for me unless I tell you."

4:25 So she set out and came to the man of Elohim (אלהים) at Mount Karmel. When the man of Elohim (אלהים) saw her coming, he said to Geichazi (גחזי) his servant, "Look, there is the Shunammite.


Atah rutz-na likratah veamar-lah hashalom? lakh hashalom; leishekh hashalom layaled vatomer shalom:

Run at once to meet her and say to her,

'Is all shalom with you?

Is all shalom with your husband?

Is all shalom with the child?'"

And she answered,

"All is shalom." 

4:27 Now when she came to the man of Elohim (אלהים) at the hill, she caught hold of his feet, but Geichazi (גחזי) came near to push her away. But the man of Elohim (אלהים) said, "Let her alone; for her nefesh is in deep distress, and YHWH (יהוה) has hidden it from me, and has not told me."

4:28 Then she said:

"Did I desire a son of my master? did I not say, Do not deceive me?"

4:29 Then he said to Geichazi (גחזי), "Get yourself ready, and take my mishe'net (staff) in your hand, and be on your way. If you meet anyone, do not greet him; and if anyone greets you, do not answer him; but lay my staff on the face of the child."

4:30 And the mother of the child said, "As YHWH (יהוה) lives, and as your soul lives, I will not leave you." So he arose and followed her.

4:31 Now Geichazi (גחזי) went on ahead of them, and laid the mishe'net (staff) on the face of the child; but there was neither voice nor hearing. Therefore he went back to meet him, and told him, saying, "The child has not awakened (לא הקיץ הנער)."

4:32 When Elisha (אלישׁע) came into the house, there was the child, lying dead on his bed.

4:33 He went in therefore, shut the door behind the two of them, and prayed to YHWH (יהוה).

4:34 And he went up and lay on the child, and put his mouth on his mouth, his eyes on his eyes, and his hands on his hands; and he stretched himself out on the child, and the flesh of the child became warm.

4:35 Then he returned, and walked in the house to and fro; and went up, and stretched himself upon him: and the child sneezed seven times, and the child opened his eyes.

4:36 And he called Geichazi (גחזי), and said:

"Call this Shunammite. So he called her. And when she was come in to him, he said, Take up your son."

4:37 Then she went in, and fell at his feet, and bowed herself to the ground, and took up her son, and went out.

4:38 And Elisha (אלישׁע) returned to Gilgal (גּלגּל), and there was a raav (famine) in the land. Now benai haNeviim were sitting before him; and he said to his servant, "Put on the large pot, and boil stew for the benai haNeviim."

4:39 So one went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine, and gathered from it a lapful of wild gourds, and came and sliced them into the pot of stew, though they did not know what they were.

4:40 Then they served it to the men to eat. Now it happened, as they were eating the stew, that they cried out and said, "Man of Elohim (אלהים), there is death in the pot!" And they could not eat it.

4:41 But he said:

Then bring meal. And he cast [it] into the pot; and he said, Pour out for the people, that they may eat. And there was no harm in the pot.

4:42 And there came a man from ba'al-Shalisha, and brought the man of Elohim (אלהים) bread of the firstfruits, twenty loaves of barley, and full ears of corn in the husk thereof. And he said, Give to the people, that they may eat.

4:43 And his servitor said:

What, should I set this before an hundred men? He said again, Give the people, that they may eat:

For thus said YHWH (יהוה):

They shall eat, and shall leave [thereof].

4:44 So he set [it] before them, and they did eat, and left [thereof], according to the Dvar YHWH (יהוה).

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ba'al Shalisha -  it was a trinitarian master (adons) of ba'al-Baal-Shalisha is translated as "lord or master of three things", or "the third idol, the third husband; or, that governs or presides over three" (Baal=lord/master; Shalisha="three things", "third", or "three"). This ancient place name is preserved in the Arabic name of the modern village of Kafr Thulth (Arabic: كفر ثلث). it is a place mentioned in II Kings  4:42, and in the Talmud (Sanh. 12a). Eusebius identifies it with Baithsarisa, 15 Roman miles to the north of Lydda. This, however, is uncertain, and there is much in favor of connecting ba'al-shalisha with the ruins of Serisiyyah, lying on the western side of the mountains of Efrayim, or with the ruins of the cities Kefr Thilth, lying somewhat to the northeast. According to the Talmud (loc. cit.), fruits ripened earlier at ba'al-shalisha than elsewhere in Palestine.

Information of baal worship

Shunem (שׁוּנם) - meaning two resting-places, a little village in the tribe of Yissakhar, to the north of Yizre'el and south of Mount Gilboa (Yehoshua 19:18), where the Plishtim encamped when they came against Shaul (1 Shemuel. 28:4), and where Elisha (אלישׁע) was hospitably entertained by a rich woman of the place. On the sudden death of this woman's son she hastened to Karmel, 20 miles distant across the plain, to tell Elisha (אלישׁע), and to bring him with her to Shunem (שׁוּנם). There, in the "Navi's chamber," the dead child lay; and Elisha (אלישׁע) entering it, shut the door and prayed earnestly: and the boy was restored to life (2 Kings 4:8-37). This woman afterwards retired during the famine to the low land of the Plishtim; and on returning a few years afterwards, found her house and fields in the possession of a stranger. She appealed to the king at Shomron, and had them in a somewhat remarkable manner restored to her (comp. 2 Kings 8:1-6).

A beautiful Shunammite, שׁוּנמּית Shunammite = see Shunen “double resting place” brought by the servants of David to his harem to minister to the aged king in the hope of reviving his failing powers (I Kings, i. 1-5). After the accession of Shlomo, Adoniyah, his elder brother, sought through Bat-Sheva to secure Avishag as his wife. Shlomo, interpreting this request for the wife of the late king as evidence of a plot on the part of Adoniyah to strengthen his claim to the throne (since according to archaic Torah, a man's concubines became the inheritance of his heir), put his rival to death (I Kings, ii. 12-24).

Geichazi (גֵּיחֲזִי) meaning"valley of vision" or "valley of avarice - extreme greed."t;the name of Elisha's servant. He laid Elisha's staff upon the Shunnamite's dead son to restore him to life (Melekhim Bet 4:12-25) but in vain. He deceitfully acquire gifts for himself that Elisha had refused from Naaman (Melekhim Bet 5:20-25). He recounted the great things Elisha had done for the Shunnamite woman to a certain king (Melekhim Bet 8:4-5). His greed which the tzara'at of Naaman cling to him and to his descendants forever." So he went out from his presence a tzara'at, like snow.

In Rabbinical Literature:

Avishag, the Shunammite, though only half as beautiful as Sarah, merited the rank of queen on account of her beauty (Sanh. 39b). David did not marry her, since he had already the allotted number of eighteen wives (see Sanh. ii. 3, 21a), and he preferred to renounce the lovely virgin rather than send away one of his wedded wives (ib. 22a). Although Avishag never became David's wife, yet, since by virtue of her personal service she belonged to the royal household, it was treasonable on the part of Adoniyah to petition Shlomo to grant him the Shunammite as his wife. It was not fitting for a subject to appropriate things or persons that belonged to royalty (ibid.)

2 Kings 4:8 - 37
The Shunammite woman was a wealthy and well respected person in the society. This is how the Scripture described her.

In Devorah we saw a leader, in Hannah a prayerful woman, in Abigail an intelligent woman and the Shunammite a wealthy and well respected person in the society. This gives us a true picture of how the Scripture views woman.

The Shunammite woman had a kind heart. Keeping our heart right, full of love and empty of bitterness is the secret of receiving from Elohim.

The Shunammite woman used her kindness and wealth to entertain a Navi (2 Melekhim 4:8-10). She got blessed with a child because of her kindness. This was inline with Elohim's promise (MattitYahu 10:41).

The Shunammite woman had three qualities that are essential in every woman of Elohim.

The Shunammite woman's life teaches us important lessons about these three essential qualities.

Contentment (1 Timotheos 6:1- 10) humility in heart
When Elisha (אלישׁע) asked the woman what he could do for her she simply stated the fact that she was happy with what she had (2 Kings 4:11-13).

She was a wealthy woman and did have a lot to be happy about. We all have things we can thank Elohim for. Keep our focus on the good things Elohim has blessed us with. This is the secret of a happy and thankful heart. The Shunammite woman's thankful and gratitude of heart opened the door to more blessings in her life. Are we living a thankful life?

By being thankful of what Elohim had given her instead of worrying about what she did not have the Shunammite woman was able to enjoy her present blessings to the full and receive even more.

An unthankful heart forsakes the present joys and blessings and concentrates (or worries) on what might not happen in the future. This is a poor way to live life, especially when we are serving such a kind and loving Elohim.

A kind and compassionate heart (Rhomaios 5:5) hospitality, chesed, ahavah
The love of Elohim is different from the love spoken about in the world. Elohim's love in our heart constrains us to do the work of Elohim.

Loving Elohim means making room for His works and people. Elisha (אלישׁע)'s work was aided by the Shunammite woman's kindness. Even Moshiach Yeshua was aided by the women who ministered to Him (Rhomaios 8: 2-3). How are we allowing the love Elohim has put in our hearts to be partakers of His work and among His people. Women have always had a special place in ministering to Moshiach and His body which is the believers.

It was in pouring out her love to Elohim's Navi that the Shunammite woman received a blessing she did not even ask for.

Persistence (Loukas 18: 1-6)
The devil and his cohorts will always try to rob we of the blessings of Elohim. That is his self appointed task (Yochanan 10:10). Never settle for anything less than Elohim has given we. Read the story of the Shunammite woman's persistence in bringing her child back to life (2 kings 4:8-37). She had a persistence that was not weakened by time.

A woman of Elohim needs to be persistent. A time will come in all our lives when hasatan will attempt to steal something that Elohim has decided to bless us with. This is the time to stand on Elohim's word against the devil (Ephesios 6:13). The Ruach HaKodesh within we will strengthen we to do this once we have set our hearts to stand on Elohim's Word. - animated singing the 1-10 Had Gadyah