Neviim Rishonim:

Melekhim Bet / 2 Kings Chapter 25

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Nevukhadnetztzar beseiges Yerushalayim

(2 Chronicles 26:1-4; Yirmeyahu 39:8-10)

25:1 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month(Tevet), in the tenth [day] of the month, [that] Nevukhadnetztzar melekh Bavel came, he, and all his host, against Yerushalayim, and pitched against it; and they built forts against it round about.

城 被 围 困- 18th months

25:2  And the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of melekh Tzidkiyahu.

25:3 And on the ninth [day] of the [fourth] month(Tammuz) the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

25:4 And the city was broken up, and all the men of war [fled] by night by the way of the gate between two walls, which [is] by the king's garden: (now the Kasdim [were] against the city round about:) and [the king] went the way toward the plain.

25:5 And the army of the Kasdim pursued after the melekh, and overtook him in the plains of Yericho: and all his army were scattered from him.

25:6 So they took the melekh, and brought him up to the melekh Bavel to Rivlah; and they gave judgment upon him.

25:7 And they slew the sons of Tzidkiyahu before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Tzidkiyahu, and bound him with fetters of brass, and carried him to Bavel.

25:8 And in the fifth month (5 of Av), on the seventh [day] of the month, which [is] the nineteenth year of melekh Nevuchadnetztzar melekh Bavel, came Nevuzaradan, captain of the guard, a servant of the melekh Bavel, unto Yerushalayim:

25:9 And he burnt the Beit ADONAI (יהוה), and the king's house, and all the houses of Yerushalayim, and every great [man's] house burnt he with fire.

25:10 And all the army of the Kasdim, that [were with] the captain of the guard, brake down the walls of Yerushalayim round about.

25:11 Now the rest of the people [that were] left in the city, and the fugitives that fell away to the melekh Bavel, with the remnant of the multitude, did Nevuzaradan the captain of the guard carry away.

25:12  But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land [to be] vinedressers and husbandmen.

25:13 And the pillars of brass that [were] in the Beit ADONAI (יהוה), and the bases, and the brazen sea that [was] in the Beit ADONAI (יהוה), did the Kasdim break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to Bavel.

25:14 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away.

25:15 And the firepans, and the bowls, [and] such things as [were] of gold, [in] gold, and of silver, [in] silver, the captain of the guard took away.

25:16 The two pillars, one sea, and the bases which Shlomo had made for the Beit ADONAI (יהוה); the brass of all these vessels was without weight.

25:17 The height of the one pillar [was] eighteen cubits, and the chapiter upon it [was] brass: and the height of the chapiter three cubits; and the wreathen work, and pomegranates upon the chapiter round about, all of brass: and like unto these had the second pillar with wreathen work.

25:18 And the captain of the guard took Serayah kohen ha Rosh, and Tzephanyah the second kohen, and the three keepers of the door:

25:19 And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king's presence, which were found in the city, and the principal Sofer of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land [that were] found in the city:

25:20 And Nevuzaradan captain of the guard took these, and brought them to the melekh Bavel to Rivlah:

25:21 And the melekh Bavel smote them, and slew them at Rivlah in the land of Chamat. So Yehudah was carried away out of their land.

25:22 And [as for] the people that remained in the land of Yehudah, whom Nevukhadnetztzar melekh Bavel had left, even over them he made Gedalyahu Ben Achikam Ben Shafan, ruler.

25:23 And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the melekh Bavel had made Gedalyah governor, there came to Gedalyahu to Mizpah, even Yishma'el Ben Netanyah, and Yohanan Ben Careah, and Serayah Ben Tanhumet the Netophatite, and Yaazanyah Ben a Maachathite, they and their men.

25:24 And Gedalyah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not to be the servants of the Kasdim: dwell in the land, and serve the melekh Bavel; and it shall be well with you.

25:25 But it came to pass in the seventh month (Tishrei), that Yishma'el Ben Netanyah, Ben Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedalyahu, that he died, and the Yehudim and the Kasdim that were with him at Mizpah.

25:26 And all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose, and came to Mitzrayim: for they were afraid of the Kasdim.

25:27 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Yehoyakin melekh Yehudah, in the twelfth month (Adar), on the seven and twentieth [day] of the month, [that] Evilmerodach melekh Bavel in the year that he began to reign did lift up the head of Yehoyakin melekh Yehudah out of prison;

25:28 And he spake kindly to him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that [were] with him in Bavel;

25:29 And changed his prison garments: and he did eat bread continually before him all the days of his life.

25:30 And his allowance [was] a continual allowance given him of the melekh, a daily rate for every day, all the days of his life.

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Nevukadnetzar laid 3 years of seize on Yerushalayim 10th of Tevet . The temple was destroyed on the 9th of Av. There was dispute of the Rabbinic sources says that it was in 422 BCE, while the Academic sources says that it was on 587 BCE.

The exile occurred in three Waves:

The first wave of exile occurred in 597 BCE The number of captives taken to Babylon in the seventh year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign was 3,023. Jer. 52:28

The Second wave of exile occurred in 587 BCE Then in Nebuchadnezzar’s eighteenth year he took 832 more. Jer 53:29

The Third Wave of exile occurred in 582 BCE In Nebuchadnezzar’s twenty-third year he sent Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, who took 745 more—a total of 4,600 captives in all. Jer. 52:30

Estimate about 90% of the Jewish captives were deported to Babylon while Nevuzaradan Rav-Tabachim Eved (נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן רַב-טַבָּחִים עֶבֶד)the Captain of Guard was kind enough to allow about 10% of poor Israelite in the Land. He appointed Gedalyahu Ben Achikam Ben Shafan גְּדַלְיָהוּ בֶּן-אֲחִיקָם בֶּן-שָפָן to be Governor. That somehow give hopes of Yisrael chance of restoration. However in verse 25 the hope was Dashed. the Kohen and members of Royal was not happy and keen of Gedalyah of him to be a Governor kill him. more info read Jeremiah 41:2-3, Jeremiah 52:12 - 29. Ezek 1:2, Matt 1:11-12