Ezra Nechemyah / עזרא ונחמיה

Nehemiah Chapter 2

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13

Go to Index page

Nissan : Authorization for Yerushalayim restoration (1- 8)

2:1 Ve ye hi be chodesh(new moon) Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artachshasta the melekh, [that] wine [was] before him: and I took up the wine, and gave [it] unto the melekh. Now I had not been [beforetime] sad in his presence.

2:2 Wherefore the melekh said unto me, Why [is] thy pannim (countenance) sad, seeing thou [art] not sick? this [is] nothing [else] but ra'ah (רע, evil)  lev. Then I was very sore afraid,

2:3 And said unto the melekh, Let the melekh live forever: why should not my pannim (countenance) be sad, when the city, the place of my fathers' grave, [lieth] waste, and the sha'ar (שׁע) thereof are consumed with fire?

2:4 Then the melekh said unto me, For what dost thou make request? So I prayed (palal) to the Elohim (אלהים) Shamayim.

2:5 And I said unto the melekh, If it please the melekh, and if thy eved have found favour in thy sight, that thou wouldest send me unto Yehudah, unto the city of my fathers' grave, that I may build it.

*2:6 And the melekh said unto me, (the shegal (queen) also sitting by him,) For how long shall thy journey be? and when wilt thou return? So it pleased the melekh to send me; and I set him a time.

2:7 Moreover I said unto the melekh, If it please the melekh, let letters be given me to the governors beyond the river, that they may convey me over till I come into Yehudah;

2:8 וְאִגֶּ֡רֶת אֶל־אָסָף֩ שֹׁמֵ֨ר הַפַּרְדֵּ֜ס אֲשֶׁ֣ר לַמֶּ֗לֶךְ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יִתֶּן־לִ֣י עֵצִ֡ים לְ֠קָרוֹת אֶת־שַׁעֲרֵ֨י הַבִּירָ֤ה אֲשֶׁר־לַבַּ֙יִת֙ וּלְחוֹמַ֣ת הָעִ֔יר וְלַבַּ֖יִת אֲשֶׁר־אָב֣וֹא אֵלָ֑יו וַיִּתֶּן־לִ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ כְּיַד־אֱלֹהַ֖י הַטּוֹבָ֥ה עָלָֽי׃

Ve'igeret el-'Asaf shomer hapardes asher lamelech, asher yiten-li etzim lekarot et-sha'arei habirah asher-labayit ulechomat ha'ir, velabayit asher-'avo elav; vayiten-li hamelech, keyad-'Elohai hatovah alai.

and a letter unto Asaf the keeper of the king's park (pardes), that he may give me timber to make beams for the gates of the castle which appertains to the house, and for the wall of the city, and for the house that I shall enter into.' And the king granted me, according to the good hand of my G_D upon me.

The Rebuilding of the Walls of Yerushalayim.
Nechemyah Private inspection:
reaction grieved, laughed, scorn and despite

2:9 Then I came to the governors beyond the river, and gave them the melekh's letters. Now the melekh had sent captains of the army and horsemen with me.

2:10 When Sanvalat the Horonite, and Toviyah the eved, the Ammonite, heard [of it], it grieved them exceedingly that there was come a man to seek the welfare of benai Yisrael.

2:11 So I came to Yerushalayim (ירושׁלם), and was there three days.

2:12 And I arose in the night, I and some few men with me; neither told I [any] man what my Elohim (אלהים) had put in my lev to do at Yerushalayim: neither [was there any] beast with me, save the beast that I rode upon.

2:13  וָאֵצְאָה בְשַעַר-הַגַּיא לַיְלָה וְאֶל-פְּנֵי עֵין הַתַּנִּין וְאֶל-שַעַר הָאַשְפֹּת וָאֱהִי שֹבֵרבְּחוֹמֹת יְרוּשָלַם אֲשֶר-הֵמפְּרוּצִים הֵםפְּרוּצִים וּשְעָרֶיהָ אֻכְּלוּ בָאֵש׃

Va'etze'ah vesha'ar-hagai laylah ve'el-penei Ein hatanin ve'el-sha'ar ha'ashpot va'ehi shover bechomot Yerushalam asher-hemperutzim hem perutzim ushe'areiha ukelu va'esh.

And I went out by night by the valley gate, even toward the dragon's well, and to the dung gate, and viewed the walls of Yerushalam, which were broken down, and the gates thereof were consumed with fire.

2:14 Then I went on to the fountain sha'ar (שׁע), and to the melekh's pool: but [there was] no place for the beast [that was] under me to pass.

2:15 Then went I up in the night by the brook, and viewed the wall, and turned back, and entered by the sha'ar (שׁע) of the valley, and [so] returned.

2:16 And the rulers knew not whither I went, or what I did; neither had I as yet told [it] to the Yehudim, nor to the Kohenim, nor to the nobles, nor to the rulers, nor to the rest that did the work.

2:17 Then said I unto them, Ye see the distress that we [are] in, how Yerushalayim (ירושׁלם) [lieth] waste, and the sha'ar (שׁע) thereof are burned with fire: come, and let us build up the wall of Yerushalayim (ירושׁלם), that we be no more a reproach.

2:18 Then I told them of the hand of my Elohim (אלהים) which was good upon me; as also the melekh's words that he had spoken unto me. And they said, Let us rise up and build. So they strengthened their hands for [this] good [work].

Public opposition

2:19 But when Sanvalat the Horonite, and Toviyah the eved, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard [it], they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What [is] this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the melekh?

2:20 Then answered I them, and said unto them, The Elohim (אלהים) Shamayim, he will prosper us; therefore we his eved will arise and build: but ye have no portion, nor right, nor memorial, in Yerushalayim (ירושׁלם).


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13

Go to Index page

פַּרְדֵּס PARDES (H6508)

The Hebrew for this word is pardes, a loanword from Old Persian meaning “enclosure,” a pleasant retreat. (park, preserve, enclosed garden, forest) The word occurs  in Nechemeyah 2:8; Song of Songs 4:13; Ecc 2:5. In the Septuagint the Greek transliteration paradeisos is used here. In the period between Tenakh and the Brit Chadashah, meaning  blessed dead, i.e., “paradise.” It appears three times in the Brit Chadashah (Loukas 23:43; 2nd Korinthos 12:4; Revelation 2:7).

PaRDeS, is an acronym formed from the same initials of the following four approaches: