Keyword: Teshuvah, shuvah, come hope, lechem
wept, bitter, empty, died, dead, famine, baren, mixed marriage, shuvi Moav
Vayehi biimei shefot hashoftim vayehi raav baeretz vayelekh ish miBeit Lekhem Yehudah lagur bisdei Moav hu veishto ushenei vanav:
Now it came to pass, in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Beit Lekhem, Yehudah, went to sojourn in the country of Mo'av, he and his wife and his two sons.
And the name of the man [was] Elimelekh, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Machlon and Kilyon, *Efratim mi Beit Lechem Yehudah. And they came into the regions of Moav, and continued there.
Vayamat Elimelekh ish Naomi vatishaer hi ushenei vaneiha:
And Elimelekh Naomi 's husband died; and she was left, and her two sons.
Vayamutu gam-sheneihem Makhlon ve Khilyon vatishaer haishah mishnei yeladeiha umeisha:
And Machlon and Kilyon died also both of them; and the woman was left of her two sons and her husband.
Vatakam hi vekhaloteiha vatashav misdei Moav ki shamah bisdeh Moav ki-fakad YEHOVAH et-amo latet lahem lakhem:
Then she arose with her daughter-in-law that she might teshuva (return) from the regions of Moav: for she had heard in the region of Moav how that YHWH had visited His people in giving them lechem (bread).
Vatetze min-hamakom asher haitah-shamah ushetei khaloteiha imah vatelakhnah vaderekh lashuv el-eretz Yehudah:
Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Yehudah.
Vatomer Naomi lishtei khaloteiha lekhnah shovnah ishah leveit imah yaashoh YEHOVAH imakhem khesed kaasher asitem im-hametim veimadi:
And Naomi said unto her two daughters-in-law Go, return each to her mother's house: YHWH deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me.
Yiten YEHOVAH lakhem umetzena menukha isha beit ishah vatishak lahen vatisenah kolanvativkeinah:
YHWH grant you that ye may find rest, each [of you] in the house her husband. Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept.
Vatomarnah-lah ki-itakh nashuv leamekh:
And they said unto her, Surely we will return with thee unto thy people.
Vatomer Naomi shovnah venotai lamah telakhnah imi haod-li vanim bemeai vehayu lakhem laanashim:
But Naomi said, "Turn back, my daughters; why will you go with me? Are there still sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?
Shovnah venotai lekhna ki zakanti mihyot leish ki amarti yesh-li tikvah gam hayiti halailah leish vegam yaladti vanim:
Turn again, my daughters, go [your way]; for I am too old to have husband. If I should say, I have hope, [if] I should have husband also to night, and should also bear sons;
Halahen tesabernah ad asher yigdalu halahen teagena levilti heyot leish al benotai ki-mar-li meod mikem ki-yatzah vi yad- YEHOVAH:
Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having iysh nashim (husbands)? nay, my banot; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of YHWH (יהוה) is gone out against me.
Vatisena kolan vativkeinah od vatishak Orpah lakhamota veRut davkah bah:
And they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law; but Rut (???) clave unto her.
Vatomer hineh shavah yevimtekh el-a maveh uel-Eloheiha shuvi akharei yevimtekh:
And she said, Behold, thy sister-in-law is gone back unto her people, and unto her gods: return thou after thy sister-in-law.
Vatomer Rut al-tifgei-vi leazvekh lashuv meakharayikh ki el-asher telkhi elekh uvaasher talini alin amekh ami ve Elohayikh Elohai:
And Rut (רות) said, Intreat me not to leave thee, [or] to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge:
עמך עמי ואלהיך אלהי׃
Amekh ami ve Eloheicha (אלהיך) Elohai (אלהי):
thy people shall be my people, and thy Elohim my Elohim:
Baasher tamuti amut vesham ekaver koh yaase YEHOVAH li vekho yosif ki hamavet yafrid beini uveinekh:
Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: YHWH do so to me, and more also, [if ought] but death part thee and me.
Vatere ki-mitametzet hi lalekhet itavah tekhdal ledaber eleiha:
When she saw that she was determine to go with her, then she left speaking unto her.
Vatelakhnah sheteihem ad-boanah Beit Lakhem vayehi kevoanah Beit Lakhem vatehom kol-hair aleihen vatomarnah hazot Naomi:
So they two went until they came to Beit Lechem . And it came to pass, when they were come to Beit Lechem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, [Is] this No`omiy (נעמי)?
Vatomer aleihen al-tikrenah li Naomi kerena li mara ki-hemar Shadai li meod:
And she said unto them, Call me not No`omiy (נעמי), call me Mara: for the Shaddai (שׁד) hath dealt very bitterly with me.
Ani meleah halakhti vereikam heshivani YEHOVAH lamah tikrenah li Naomi vaYEHOVAH anah vi veShadai hera li:
I went out full, and YHWH (יהוה) hath brought me home again empty: why [then] call ye me No`omiy (נעמי), seeing YHWH (יהוה) hath testified against me, and the Shaddai (שׁד) hath afflicted me?
Vatashav Naomi veRut haMoaviyah khalatah imah hashavah misdei Moav vehemah bau Beit Lekhem bitkhilat ketzir seorim:
So No`omiy (נעמי) shuvah (returned), and Rut (רות) ha Moaviyah (מואביּה), her kallah (daughter-in-law), with her, which returned out of the country of Moav: and they came to Beit Lechem in the beginning of barley ketsir (harvest). (begining of Aviv)
In the scroll of Rut (רות), it is significant that both Bo'az and Rut (רות) are mentioned in the Messianic Toldot (MattitYahu 1:5. For the story of the sefer Rut (רות) as a picture of the Brit Hadashah redemption.
Megilot Rut outline studies
? Rut's husband , Makhlon an Yisraelite died in the land of Moav, speaks of death, return back to Hashem
? Rut's decided to go to Yisrael with Makhlon's mother No'omiy
? Rut cared for her mother-in-law No'omiy
? Rut wanted to be with Bo'az
? Rut married Bo'az and had a son
? the trace genealogy of Melekh David
They [Mahlon and Chilion] transgressed the decree of the Memra of HaShem and they took for themselves foreign wives from the house of Moab.Targumist which may explain why the other rabbinic commentaries side-step this explanation of Ruth 1:4 They married Moabite women, one named Orpah and the other Ruth. After they had lived there about ten years, The Midrash alludes to the answer in reference to the “new law” and the Targum makes it explicit in Targum Ruth 2:11 Boaz replied, “I’ve been told all about what you have done for your mother-in-law since the death of your husband—how you left your father and mother and your homeland and came to live with a people you did not know before.
Some interesting of Orpah sister of Ruth, In rabbinic commence, Orpah is identified with Harafa, the mother of the four Philistine giants, one of whom being Goliath. These four sons were said to have been given her for the four tears which she shed at parting with her mother-in-law (Babylonian Talmud, Sotah 42b). Her other name Harafa is cognate of the word for threshing; that she allowed herself to be 'threshed' by many men as one would thresh wheat (Babylonian Talmud, Sotah 42b). According to a legend in a midrash, Orpah was a sister of Ruth, and both were daughters of the Moabite King Eglon . Her name was changed to "Orpah" because she turned her back (from Hebrew: עורף, literally nape) on her mother-in-law (ib.; comp. Talmud Sotah l.c.). The Sanhedrin tractate in the Talmud states that she was killed by King David's general Abishai, the son of Zeruiah. From Orpah's descendant, then comes Goliath. Orpah is a picture of a person who doesn't want to be grafted-in to the Jewish people. The result is "spiritual Goliath."
5:2But thou, Beit Lechem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Yehudah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Yisrael; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting *.
Mattiyahu 2:5 But you Beit Lechem, in the land of Yehudah, you are by no mens least among the rulers of Yehudah, for out of you shall come a Ruler who shall shepherd My people Yisrael
Devarim 2:9 And YHWH (יהוה) said unto me, Distress not the Moavites, neither provoke with them in milchamah (war): for I will not give thee of their eretz [for] a possession; because I have given Ar (a city) unto benai Lot [for] a possession.
Moav - Moab - bawm Barasheet 19:37 And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moav: the same is the father of the Moavites unto this day. Moab = "of his father" Semites; a son of Lot by his eldest daughter; the nation descended from the son of Lot; the land inhabited by the descendants of the son of Lot
Elimelekh אלימלך = “my Elohim is king”
Mara = “bitterness” a name that Naomi called herself due to her calamities
Beit-Lechem = "bayit bread (food)"
Rut (רות) = "friendship" a Moabitess who converted to the Elohim of Naomi and her people.To hold on to an inheritance or right is depicted using this verb Elohim cared for her providentially, and she became the grandmother of King David (Rth 4:5, Rth 4:10-13). She married Bo'az, a Go'el "redeemer" in Yisrael, thus rescuing her from poverty and oblivion.
iysh / Nashim (pl) - husband / husbands
Ishshah Nashim - wife, wives
banim - sons (Pl)
banot - daughters (pl) bat (singular)
Kallah / Kallot (pl) - Daughter in law
Chamot - Mother in law
Yebemet - Sister in law
Shakenim / shaken - Neigbours
Go'el, ga'al, geulah, Kinsman - redeem redemption
Minyan / מנין / Minyanim (Pl) - a quorum of ten or more adult (over the age of Bar Mitzvah) male Jews for the purpose of communal Jewish services (prayer); a minyan is usually held within a synagogue, but may be (and often is) held elsewhere, usually a home or place of work.
zekenim - elders
Famines recorded as occurring during the lives of Avraham (Beresheet 12:10),
List of names and occurance of famine in the scriptures
Yosef (Beresheet 41:56),
the judges (Ruth 1:1),
David (2nd Shemuel 21:1),
Ahab and Eliyahu (1st Kings 17:1; 18:2)
Elisha (2nd Melekhim 4:38; Loukas 4:25).
A famine produced by a siege is mentioned in 2nd Melekhim 6:25,
Nehemiah 5:3 tells of such conditions after the return from the Babylonian captivity.
The Brit Hadashah speaks of a famine “over the entire Roman world” (Acts 11:28),
Yeshua predicted famines in various places (Mt 24:7; Mk 13:8; Lk 21:11),
a prophecy believed to have been partly fulfilled in the siege of Yerushalayim by Titos and described with harrowing detail by Josephos, who stated that “neither did any other city ever suffer such miseries” (Wars, 5.10.5).