Torah Moshe 2:

Shemot /  שׁמות

Exodus Chapter 1 for Shemot












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Shemot : Redemption, deliverance and freedom

Parashah 13: Shemot (Names) 1:1-6:1

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Veeleh Shemot Benei Yisrael habaim Mitzraimah et Ya'akov ish uveito bau:

Now these are the names children of Yisrael, who came into Mitzrayim; each man and his household came with Ya'akov.

1:2 Reuven (ראוּבן), Shimeon, Levy Yehudah;

1:3 Yisakhar, Zevulun and Benyamin,

1:4 Dan and Naftali, Gad, and Asher


Vayehi kol-nefesh yotzei yerekh-Ya'akov shivim nafesh veYosef hayah veMitzrayim:

And all the souls that came out of the loins of Ya'akov were seventy souls: for Yosef was in Mitzrayim already.

1:6 And Yosef died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.

1:7 And Benai  Yisrael were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

1:8 Now there arose up a new king over Mitzrayim, which knew not Yosef.

1:9 And he said to his people:

"Behold, the people of Benai Yisrael are more and mightier than we:

1:10 Come on, let us deal craftily with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, in the event of war, that they also join our enemies and fight against us, and so go up out of the land."

1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Paroh  (פּרעה) store cities, Pithom and Ra'amses.

1:12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of Benai Yisrael.

1:13 And the Mitzrites enslaved Benai Yisrael with back breaking labour.

1:14Pesach, Passover, sederAnd they made their lives bitter with avodah kashah, in mortar, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

1:15 And the king of Mitzrayim spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shifrah, and the name of the other Pu'ah:

1:16 And he said, When you do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then you shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.

1:17 But the midwives feared Elohim, and did not as the king of Mitzrayim commanded them, but saved the men benai alive.

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1:18 (ii) And the king of Mitzrayim called for the midwives, and said to them:

"Why have you done this thing, and have saved the men the children alive?"

1:19 And the midwives said to Paroh  (פּרעה), Because the Hebrew women are not as the Mitzrites women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in to them.

1:20 Therefore Elohim dwelt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.

1:21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared Elohim, that He made them houses.

1:22And Paroh  (פּרעה) charged all his people, saying: "Every son that is born you shall cast into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive."

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Three evil rulers in Scripture ordered the slaughter of innocent children: Paroh  (פּרעה), Atalyah (2 Kgs. 11), and Herod (Matt. 2). These satanically inspired atrocities were aimed at the extinction of the Messianic line. satan had never forgotten Elohim's promise in Beresheet 3:15.

1:11- store cities: Heb. מִסְכְּנֹתעָרֵי. As the Targum renders: קִרְוֵי בֵיתאוֹצָרָא, cities of storehouses]

"seventy-five" souls came with Ya'akov down to Mitzrayim.

[NOTE: The Masoretic Text has "seventy" souls. This appears to be an obvious alteration to make the Torah align more with kabbalistic gemetria but still more, to disgree with the New Testament testimony of Stephen before the Sanhedrin: "Then sent Joseph, and called his father Jacob to him, and all his kindred, seventy-five souls" (Acts 7:14) KJV. The Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q Exod-a) also agrees with the LXX in this place that "seventy-five" souls, not "seventy" (as the rabbis have it) came down to Mitzrayim.]

Pithom פּתם/  Πειθώ 비돔 the city of justice (Pi-Tum or Pa-Tum; modern day Tell el-Retaba), means "house of Tum" [or "Atum,"], i.e., the sun-god of Heliopolis; and the Greek word "Hero" is probably a translation of "Atum."one of the store-cities which the Pharaoh made the Israelites build. (See Map of Wilderness Journey - Korea language)

Ra'amses" (Hebrew: רַעְמְסֵס) is mentioned in the Scripture four times: in Genesis 47:11; Exodus 1:11 and Numbers 33:3,5. Ra'amses was the point from which the Israelites departed during their exodus from Mitzrayim.

Goshen :- the land where Yosef and his descendants settled.The Land of Goshen for every shepherd is an abomination to the Mitzrayim. (Beresheet 46:34) (Hebrew גֹּשֶׁן, Standard Hebrew Góšen, Tiberian Hebrew Gōšen) It is the region around the city with the modern name Fakus in the eastern Nile delta in Mitzrayim referenced in the Biblical story of Yosef. In the Septuagint it is called Gesan, by Artapanus called Kessan, from Mitzrayim Gesem. Mitzrayimian word qas, meaning "inundated land" because Goshen was apparently the same region.

The name Goshen as connected to the verb NaGaSh (נִגַּשׁ), to draw near, approach  come near; to approach one another; bring near. The Torah portion (Beresheet 44:18—47:27) in which Goshen is first mentioned is known by its first Hebrew word, vaYi(n)gash, וַיִּגַּשׁ , "Then Yehudah approached (Yosef)..."

The area is just a few kilometers south of the ancient capital of Avaris (Mitzrayim Hatwaret, where the later city of Pi-Rameses was built), where, from the 12th dynasty of Mitzrayim, a major administrative headquarters was located. It was there that Yosef had his house, and where he was laid to rest.

The Station List :- The Stations list is the list of the locations visited by the Israelites following their exodus from Mitzrayim.

Pharaonic Village baby Moses in reeds being found by Pharaoh's daughter

Pharaonic Village Making Mud Bricks

Pharaonic Village Making Mud Bricks