Neviim Rishonim (Early Neviim)

Shemuel Bet / שמואל

2nd Samuel Chapter 1


(The Second book of the Kings)

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24

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1:1 Now it came to pass after the death of Sha'ul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in ZiklagKiv-Int-link.gif;

1:2 It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Sha'ul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and [so] it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.


And David said unto him:

And he said unto him:


And David said unto him:

And he answered:


And David said unto the young man that told him:


And the young man that told him said:



And he said unto me:

And I answered him:


He said unto me again:


1:11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that [were] with him:

1:12 And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Sha'ul, and for Yonatan his son, and for the people of YHWH (יהוה), and for the beit Yisra'el; because they were fallen by the sword.


And David said unto the young man that told him:

And he answered:


And David said unto him:


And David called one of the young men, and said,


And David said unto him:

David's Lament over Shaul and Yonatan

1:17 And David lamented with this lamentation over Sha'ul and over Yonatan his son:


Ve yomer le lamed (teach) Benai Yehudah:

Keshet (archer קשׁת). Hinnei, ne ketuvah (it is written) al- Sefer ha Yashar:










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After the death of Shaul, David becomes king over Yehudah for seven and a half years and then king of all Yisrael where he makes Yerushalayim his capital.  His reign in Yerushalayim lasted thirty-three years.  In this forty-year span, David enjoyed outstanding military successes, was blessed with great wealth, and entered into an everlasting covenant with Hashem that his throne would last forever.  A thousand years later, Hashem fulfilled His promise by sending Adonay Yeshua ha Moshiach to be the moshia of the world.

In sefer ha Shemuel Bet, we shall meet David as a picture of Yeshua.  The book also chronicles the person of David – his triumphs, and fears, his sins of adultery and murder which brought personal and national chastening from Hashem.  Yet, David continued to seek Hashem zealously, repenting of his sins as befitting the one called by Hashem “a man after My own heart” (Acts 13:22).


Ziklag = "winding" glqc
  1. a town in the south of Yehudah, later allotted to Shimon; noted for its having been the city of David given to him by king Achish of Gat and his residence when he was joined by many of his mighty warriors and when he received word of the death of Shaul

Ziklag was located in the Negev region in the south of what was the Kingdom of Yehudah. Its exact location has not been identified with any certainty, though by the end of the 19th century, both Haluza (by the Wadi- Aslu to the south of Beersheba) and Khirbet Zuheiliqah (located to the north west of Beer-Sheva and south southeast of Gaza city) had been suggested . Ziklag is generally agreed to be a significant corruption of the location's actual name ; Haluza was identified as the location on the basis of Ziklag being a corruption of Halusah (slightly clearer in the underlying Hebrew script than in English), meaning fortress; Khirbet Zuheiliqah was identified as the location on the basis of Ziklag being a corruption of Zahaliku, which means downward slopes and is descriptive of Khirbet Zuheilikah's location . The excavators of Tell Zeitah have suggested it as a possible location of Ziklag.

The Book of Genesis refers to an individual named Casluhim as the founder of the Pelishtim, and it is thought possible that the name is a corruption of Halusah; with the identification of Ziklag as Haluza, this suggests that Ziklag was the original base from which the Pelishtim captured the remainder of their territory. It has also been proposed that Ziklag subsequently became the capital of the Cherethites .

According to the Sefer ha Shemuel Bet, while David was encamped with the Philistine army for an attack on the Kingdom of Yisra'el, Ziklag was raided by Amalekites; the Amalekites burning the town, and capturing its population without killing them (scholars think this capture refers to enslavement ). However, none of the archaeological sites which have been variously suspected to be Ziklag show any evidence of destruction during the era of David.