Neviim Rishonim (Early Neviim)

Shemuel Bet / שמואל

2nd Samuel Chapter 11


(The Second book of the Kings)

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DAVID'S FALL (Chaps. 11, 12)

Crimes Against Bat-Sheba and Uriyah (Chap. 11)

11:1 And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth [to battle], that David sent Yo'av, and his avadim with him, and all Yisra'el; and they destroyed the Benai Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Yerushalayim.

11:2 And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman [was] very beautiful to look upon.

11:3 And David sent and enquired after the woman. And [one] said, [Is] not this Bat-Sheva Bat Eli'am, the wife of Uriyah the Hittite?

11:4 And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house.

11:5 And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I [am] with child.

11:6 And David sent to Yo'av, [saying]:

Send me Uriyah the Hittite. And Yo'av sent Uriyah to David.

11:7 And when Uriyah was come unto him, David demanded [of him] how Yo'av did, and how the people did, and how the war prospered.

11:8 And David said to Uriyah:

Go down to thy house, and wash thy feet. And Uriyah departed out of the king's house, and there followed him a mess [of meat] from the king.

11:9 But Uriyah slept at the door of the king's house with all the avadim his adon (אדון), and went not down to his house.

11:10 And when they had told David, saying,

Uriyah went not down unto his house, David said unto Uriyah, Camest thou not from [thy] journey?

Why [then] didst thou not go down unto thine house?

11:11 And Uriyah said unto David, ha Aron, and Yisra'el, and Yehudah, Avide in tents; and my adon (אדון) Yo'av, and the avadim my adon (אדון), are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with my wife? [as] thou livest, and [as] thy soul liveth, I will not do this thing.

11:12 And David said to Uriyah:

Tarry here to day also, and to morrow I will let thee depart. So Uriyah abode in Yerushalayim that day, and the morrow.

11:13 And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the avadim his adon (אדון), but went not down to his house.

11:14 And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Yo'av, and sent [it] by the hand of Uriyah.

11:15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriyah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die.

11:16 And it came to pass, when Yo'av observed the city, that he assigned Uriyah unto a place where he knew that valiant men [were].

11:17 And the men of the city went out, and fought with Yo'av: and there fell [some] of the people of the avadim David; and Uriyah the Hittite died also.

11:18 Then Yo'av sent and told David all the things concerning the war;

11:19 And charged the messenger, saying, When thou hast made an end of telling the matters of the war unto the king,

11:20 And if so be that the king's wrath arise, and he say unto thee, Wherefore approached ye so nigh unto the city when ye did fight? knew ye not that they would shoot from the wall?

11:21 Who smote Avimelekh Ben Yerubeshet? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy eved Uriyah the Hittite is dead also.

11:22 So the messenger went, and came and shewed David all that Yo'av had sent him for.

11:23 And the messenger said unto David:

Surely the men prevailed against us, and came out unto us into the field, and we were upon them even unto the entering of the gate.

11:24 And the shooters shot from off the wall upon thy avadim; and [some] of the king's avadim be dead, and thy eved Uriyah the Hittite is dead also.

11:25 Then David said unto the messenger:

Thus shalt thou say unto Yo'av, Let not this thing displease thee, for the sword devoureth one as well as another: make thy battle more strong against the city, and overthrow it: and encourage thou him.

11:26 And when the wife of Uriyah heard that Uriyah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband.

11:27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased YHWH (יהוה).

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