Neviim Rishonim :

Sefer Softim 14

Book of Judges Chapter 14

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Shimshon promised a wife

14:1 And Shimshon went down to Timnah, and saw a woman in Timnah of the banot of the Pelishtim.

14:2 And he came up, and told his avi and his mother, and said, I have seen a woman in Timnah of the banot of the Pelishtim: now therefore get her for me to wife.

14:3 Then his avi and his mother said to him, [Is there] never a woman among the banot of your achim, or among all my people, that you goest to take a wife of the uncircumcised Pelishtim? And Shimshon said to his avi, Get her for me; for she pleaseth me well.

14:4 But his avi and his mother knew not that it [was] of ADONAI (יהוה), that he sought an occasion against the Pelishtim: for at that time the Pelishtim had dominion over Yisrael.

Shimshon slays a lion, his riddle


Vayered Shimshon veaviv veimo Timnatah vayavou ad-karmei Timnatah vehineh kefir arayot shoeg likrato:

So Samson went down to Timnah with his father and mother, and came to the vineyards of Timnah. Now to his surprise, a young lion came roaring against him.

14:6 And the Ruach of ADONAI (יהוה) came mightily upon him, and he rent him as he would have rent a kid, and [he had] nothing in his hand: but he told not his avi or his mother what he had done.

14:7 And he went down, and talked with the woman; and she pleased Shimshon well.

14:8 And after a time he returned to take her, and he turned aside to see the carcase of the lion: and, Hinei, [there was] a swarm of bees and honey in the carcase of the lion.

14:9 And he took thereof in his hands, and went on eating, and came to his avi and mother, and he gave them, and they did eat: but he told not them that he had taken the honey out of the carcase of the lion.

14:10 So his avi went down to the woman: and Shimshon made there a feast; for so used the young men to do.

14:11 And it came to pass, when they saw him, that they brought shloshim (30) companions to be with him.

14:12 And Shimshon said to them, I will now put forth a riddle to you: if ye can certainly declare it me within the seven days of the feast, and find [it] out, then I will give you shloshim (30) sheets and shloshim (30) change of garments:

14:13 But if ye cannot declare [it] me, then shall ye give me shloshim (30) sheets and shloshim (30) change of garments. And they said to him, Put forth your riddle, that we may hear it.

14:14 And he said to them, Out of the eater came forth meat, and out of the strong came forth sweetness. And they could not in three days expound the riddle.

Shimshon deceived; slays thirty

14:15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they said to Shimshon's wife, Entice your husband, that he may declare to us the riddle, lest we burn you and your father's bayit with fire: have ye called us to take that we have? [is it] not [so]?

14:16 And Shimshon's wife wept before him, and said, You dost but hate me, and lovest me not: you have put forth a riddle to benai my people, and have not told [it] me. And he said to her, Hinei, I have not told [it] my avi nor my mother, and shall I tell [it] you?

14:17 And she wept before him the seven days, while their feast lasted: and it came to pass on the seventh day, that he told her, because she lay sore upon him: and she told the riddle to benai her people.

14:18 And the men of the city said to him on the seventh day before the sun went down, What [is] sweeter than honey? and what [is] stronger than a lion? And he said to them, If ye had not plowed with my heifer, ye had not found out my riddle.

14:19 And the Ruach of ADONAI (יהוה) came upon him, and he went down to Ashkelon, and slew shloshim (30) men of them, and took their spoil, and gave change of garments to them which expounded the riddle. And his anger was kindled, and he went up to his father's bayit.

14:20 But Shimshon's wife was [given] to his companion, whom he had used as his friend.

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Five Cities of the Pelistim : EKRON, ASHDOD, ASHKELON, GATH, GAZA

Shimshon's stories


Rent a lion apart with his bare hands

Softim 14:6


Scooped the bees and honey out of the lion's carcase

Softim 14:8-9


Killed 30 Pelishtim, took their garments to settle a bet

Softim 14:19


Left his first wife in a fit of anger

Softim 14:19-20


Caught 300 foxes, tied their tails together in pairs, attached a fireband to their tails and let them loose. They destroyed the standing corn, vineyards and olive groves of the Pelishtim.

Softim 15:3-5


Broke free of the ropes that bound him

Softim 15:14


Killed 1,000 men with the jawbone of an donkey

Softim 15:15


Tore down the city gates and moved them to a hilltop

Softim 16:3


Fell in love with Delilah who betrayed him

Softim 16:1-23


Seek help from ADONAI Elohim for strength, pulled down two middle of the temple, killing himself and over 1,000 Pelishtim

Softim 16:25-30


Timnath meaning a portion

1) a town on the northern boundary of Yehudah later assigned to Dan (Yehoshua 15:10)

2) a town in the hill country of Yehudah

Hebrew vocabulary

 Shimshon slew in Softim 14:5-6. Hebrew has several words for lion including "aryeh" אריה (male lion), "ari" ארי (variation of aryeh), "lavi" לביא (lionness), "gur" גור (cub), "shachal" שחל (young lion), and "k'fir" כפיר (young lion old enough to hunt). — with Lavi and Aryeh.

14:8, 9   General view

Later, when Shimshon was returning to Timnath to claim his bride, he found honey . . . in the carcass of the lion he had slain and shared it with his father and mother. He didn't tell them that the honey was defiled by contact with a carcass of the lion (As a Nazirite he broke part of his vow by touching the dead animal.)


 יִּרְדֵּהוּ: This is an expression of separating anything which is clinging, as by bread clinging to an oven, its removal is called רְדִיָּה (Sab. 117b) “One who separates (הָרוֹדֶה) bread from an oven,” (ibid. 95a) “One who separates (הָרוֹדֶה) from his hive,” since the honey is contained in honeycombs clinging to the walls of the vessel on all sides from wall to wall according to the circumference of the vessel. Likewise Targum Jonathan renders וַיִּרְדֵּהוּ as וְנַסְחֵיהּ (and he separated).

14:10-14   At Timnah, a great wedding feast was arranged, and Shimshon gave a riddle, offering each of his thirty companions a complete outfit if they could explain it. If not, they would have to give him thirty linen garments and thirty changes of clothing. The riddle was:

Out of the eater came something to eat,

And out of the strong came something sweet.

It referred, of course, to his killing of the lion and to his finding the honey in its carcass.