Torah Mosheh 3:

Vayikra / ויקרא

Leviticus Chapter 23

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27

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Proclaiming Set Apartness at the Appointed seasons

Mikra - Proclaim Kodesh (The calling that draws down the Set apart kadosh time)

23:1 And YHWH (יהוה) spake unto Mosheh, saying:

23:2 Dvar el Benai Yisrael ve amorta alehem [Concerning] the mo'adim YHWH (יהוה), which ye shall proclaim [to be] mikra'ei Kodesh, [even] these [are] My mo'adim (appointed time).

23:3 Six days shall work be done:

but the seventh day [is] the Shabbat of rest, a Mikra kodesh: ye shall do no melekhet (work) [therein]:

it [is] the Shabbat of YHWH (יהוה) in all your dwellings.

23:4 These [are] the mo'adim YHWH (יהוה), [even] Mikra'ei Kodesh, which ye shall proclaim in their mo'adim (appointed seasons).

23:5 In the first month (aviv) on the  fourteenth [day] between the evenings (erev) is  the Pesach unto YHWH (יהוה).

23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month [is] Chag HaMatzot (unleaven) unto YHWH (יהוה): Shivat yamim (seven days) ye must eat matzah.

23:7 In yom ha rishon (first day) ye shall have a Mikra Kodesh:

ye shall do no melekhet (work) avodah (laborious) [therein] .

23:8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto YHWH (יהוה) Shivat yamim (seven days): in the seventh day [is] an Mikra Kodesh: ye shall do no melekhet (work) avodah (laborious) [therein] .

23:9 And YHWH (יהוה) spake unto Mosheh, saying:

23:10 Dvar el benai Yisrael ve amor ta ale hem:

When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring an omer of the reshit (finest, best,first fruits) of your harvest unto the Kohen:

23:11 And he (Kohen) shall wave the omer before YHWH (יהוה), to be accepted for you:

on the morrow after the Shabbat the Kohen shall wave it.

23:12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the omer an he lamb tamiym of the first year for a Olah unto YHWH (יהוה).


 nesakhim נסך  /  נסך drink offering

At end of Feast Yeshua cried out: "If any man thirst, let him come unto Me, and drink....If any man thirst, let him come unto Me, and drink. (Yochanan 7:37-38)

23:13 And the minchah thereof [shall be] two tenth ephah (deals) of fine flour mingled with shemen (oil), an offering made by eish unto YHWH (יהוה) [for] a sweet savour: and the nesekh (drink offering) thereof [shall be] of yayin (wine), the fourth [part] of an hin.

23:14 And ye shall eat neither lechem, nor parched corn, nor green ears (karmel), until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto Eloheichem: [it shall be] a chukkat (statute) olam (forever) throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Shabbat, from the day that ye brought the omer of the wave offering; Shevah (7) Shabbatot shall be complete:

23:16 Erev unto the morrow after the seventh Shabbatot shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a minchah chadashah (new)  unto YHWH (יהוה).

The elements for Shavuot


23:17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with chametz; [they are] the Bikkurim (firstfruits) unto YHWH (יהוה). Yisrael IS THE FIRSTFRUITS OF YHWH - Yirmeyahu 2:2-3

23:18 And ye shall offer with ha lechem shivat (7) kevasim (lambs) tamiym of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams:

they shall be [for] an Olah unto YHWH (יהוה), with their minchah, and their drink offerings, [even] an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto YHWH (יהוה).

23:19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a chattat, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of shelamim.

23:20 And the Kohen shall wave them with the lechem of the Bikurim (firstfruits,בכרים) [for] a tenufah (wave offering, תנופה) before YHWH (יהוה), with the two lambs: they shall be kodesh to YHWH (יהוה) for the Kohen.

23:21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, [that] it may be an Mikra Kodesh unto you: ye shall do no melekhet (work) avodah (laborious) [therein: it shall be] a chukkat (statute) olam (forever) in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

*23:22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make tahor riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the Oni (poor), and to the stranger:

ANI YHWH (יהוה) Eloheichem.

23:23 And YHWH (יהוה) spake unto Mosheh, saying,

Yom Teruah - the day of blast

23:24 Dvar el benai Yisrael, saying:

In the seventh month, in the first [day] of the month, shall ye have a Shabbaton, a zikhron (memorial) Teru'ah (blowing), a Mikra Kodesh.

23:25 Ye shall do no melekhet (work) avodah (laborious) [therein] : but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto YHWH (יהוה).

23:26 And YHWH (יהוה) spake unto Mosheh, saying,

23:27 Also on the tenth [day] of this seventh month [there shall be] a Yom Kippur: it shall be a Mikra Kodesh unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by eish (fire) unto YHWH (יהוה).

23:28 And ye shall do no melekhet (work) in that same day: for it [is] a Yom Kippur, to make an atonement for you before YHWH (יהוה) Eloheichem.

23:29 For whatsoever soul [it be] that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.

23:30 And whatsoever soul [it be] that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among His people.

23:31 Ye shall do no kol (manner) melekhet (work): [it shall be] a chukkat (statute) olam (forever) throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

23:32 It [shall be] unto you a Shabbat of rest, and ye shall afflict your nefashot (souls): in the ninth [day] of the month at erev, from erev unto erev, shall ye celebrate your Shabbat.

23:33 And YHWH (יהוה) spake unto Mosheh, saying:

23:34 Dvar el benai Yisrael, saying:

The fifteenth day of this seventh month [shall be] the Chag Sukkot [for] Shivat yamim (seven days) unto YHWH (יהוה).

23:35 On yom ha rishon (first day) [shall be] an Mikra Kodesh: ye shall do no melekhet (work) avodah (laborious) [therein] .

23:36 Shivat yamim (seven days) ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto YHWH (יהוה): on the yom shemini (eight day) shall be a Mikra Kodesh unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by eish (fire) unto YHWH (יהוה):

"It [is] a solemn assembly; [and] ye shall do no melekhet (work) avodah (laborious) [therein]."

23:37 These [are] the mo'adim YHWH (יהוה), which ye shall proclaim [to be] Mikra'ei Kodesh, to offer an offering made by fire unto YHWH (יהוה), a Olah, and a minchah, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day: 

23:38 Beside the Shabbatot YHWH (יהוה), and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your nedabah (freewill offerings נדבה), which ye give unto YHWH (יהוה).

15th Tishrei - Sukkot

23:39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto YHWH (יהוה) Shivat yamim (seven days):

on yom ha rishon (first day) [shall be] a Shabbaton, and on the yom shemini (eight day) [shall be] a Shabbaton.

23:40 And ye shall take you on yom ha rishon (first day) the pri etz hadar (citron tree), branches of temarim (date-palm), and the anaf (boughs) etz avot (thick), and arvei (willows) of the  nakha (brook); and ye shall simcha before YHWH (יהוה) Eloheichem Shivat yamim (seven days).

23:41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto YHWH (יהוה) Shivat yamim (seven days) in the year. [It shall be] a statute forever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month (Tishrei).

stay in the booth for only seven days

23:42 Ye shall dwell in booths Shivat yamim (seven days); all that are Yisraelites born shall dwell in booths:

23:43 That your generations may know that I made the benai Yisrael to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the eretz Mitzrayim:

ANI YHWH (יהוה) Eloheichem.

23:44 And Mosheh declared unto the benai Yisrael the Mo'adim YHWH (יהוה).

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27

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The Feast of YHWH

Pesach - Counting - Omer to Shavuot

Brenton's English translation of the Septuagint version Leviticus 23:11

Lev 23:11  and he shall lift up the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted for you. On the morrow of the first day the priest shall lift it up.

Tim Hegg cited this commented :

On the morrow of the first day the priest shall lift it up." The term "morrow of the first day" can only be understood in accordance with the traditional Pharisaic reckoning.

In one of the magazine article "Teaching from Zion vol 26 May 2009 Iyar 5769 Netivyah Bible instruction Ministry Jerusalem By Joseph Shulam, I extract a paragraph concerning Shavuot the text are as below:-

Shavuot is the sole festival which is not designated by a precise date in the Tanakh. "It is simply represents the fiftieth day "from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths (Lev 23:15f). Since no exact specification is given as to which "Shabbat" is referred to, various interpretations and dates were proposed and celebrated during the Second Temple period.

While Yehoshua 5:11

Yehoshua 5:11 And they ate of the stored grain of the land on the morrow after the Passover, unleavened bread and roasted grain on this same day.

suggests that the earliest practice understood it to refer to the "morrow of the first day of Pesach, a usage confirmed by the Septuagint, Josephus and Philo, the calendar followed in the book of Jubilees and reflected in the practice of the Qumran community understood the allusionto be the first Shabbat after Pesach.

Since according to the latter calendar, Pesach always falls on Wednesday, the fifteenth of the first month, and ends the following Tuesday, the "morrow" of shabbat" always fell on 26 nisan, and Shavuot was celebrated on the fiteenth of the third month. In contrast to Jubilees, the "normative" date of Shavuot was not fixed but varied slightly from year to year according to whether the intervening months had 29 or 30 days. A Tannaitic ruling states that "Shavuot may fall on the fifth, sixth or seventh [of Sivan] - not before and not after (Tos Arak 1:9)


The Moedim The appointed Time

Torah (OT)

Brit Hadashah (NT)


Pesach - Passover

Vayikra 23:5

Yochanan 1:29

Beresheet 22:8 1 Cor 5:7

Ha Matzah Lechem Unleaven bread

Vayikra 23:6

1 Corinthians 5:8

Zekaryahu 13:9

Bikkurim - First Fruit

Vayikra 23:10

1 Corinthians 15:23

Dani'el 12:2

Shavuot - Pentecost. Feast of Weeks

Vayikra 23:16

Acts 2:1

Yemiryahu 31:31

Rosha Shanah Trumpet, the Blast

Vayikra 23:24

1 Thessalonian 4:16

YeshaYahu 27:13

Yom Kippur - Day of Atonement

Vayikra 23:27

Mattityahu 23:39

ZekarYahu 12:10

Sukkoth - Feast of Tabernacle

Vayikra 23:34

Revelation 11:5

ZekarYahu 14:9


Vayira in Hebrew

English meaning of the prophetic 7 feast of YHWH -Mikra Kodesh

Pesach 14th Aviv; Full Moon

Passover means to pass or hover over. 1st month of Aviv 14th day. commemorated Hashem's delieverance of Yisrael from the bondage in Mitzrayim (Egypt), To a believer is deliverance us from the bondage of sin. Repent and trust by faith in the shed blood of Moshiach Yeshua. Offering Lamb; Unleavened bread Bitter herb. A type of Redemption. (1Cor 5:7-8)

CHag haMatzot on 15th Aviv, Full Moon


The Festival of Unleavened No consumption of anything that has yeast, leaven. During the Yisraelites to eat unleaven bread for seven days. Sanctification and separation from evil represented by water immersion (Mikvah) Speaks of the Burial of Moshiach Yeshua. Read 1 Cor 5:8

Bikkurim - First fruits falls on 1st day of the week
Leviticus 23:9 - 14; Numbers 28:26; Romans 8:23; 1 Corinthians 15:20, 23; James 1:18; Revelation 14:4

First Fruits, Barley, sheaf of grain, no leaven, first of the harvest; Wave, Olah, drink, Peace offering. Resurrection of Yeshua, Walking in the newness of life. New life in Moshiach. Crossing the red sea. Dead to sin but alive in the Moshiach 1Cor 15:20

Shavuot Omer countdown (Sefiras HaOmer get a counter reminder) for kid you help to be involve in colouring

Pentecost The Counting of The Omer . It continues for seven weeks, or forty-nine days. The fiftieth day is Shavuos. However note Lag B'Omer - The thirty-third day of the Omer, which occurs on the 18th of Iyar, is a day of celebration for the whole nation of Israel. , "pente" greek word for 50; Feast of weeks; harvest feast; or feast of the fiftieth day; 2 leavened wave loaves (means that man still have the sinful nature after when he is born again Mt 13:33; Acts 5:1-10; 15:1); wave, olah, chaat & shelamin. Completion of Harvest,. It is the antitype is descent of the Ruach HaKodesh to form the Assembly Pouring out of the Ruach HaKodesh on Shavuot, Immersion in the Ruach HaKodesh, growing in faith, birth of the Assembly, giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai, to be celebrate on the month of Sivan. Today involves our relationship and Responsibility. Read Acts 2:1; Gal 3:28

Harvest period, Goodnews Outreach

There is 4 month interval, describe as a period of Grace or Assembly age given to all mankind to repent (John 4:35; Matt 28:19-20; Zech 14:16) fulness of Gentiles

Rosh HaShanah Yom Teruah 1st Tishrei New moon


The Feast of Trumpet / the Blast, Blowing the shofar, the resurrection of the dead/ a type of caught up (Natzal) of believers of Yehua. Hear (Shema) the calling of Elohim for our lives. Beware how you live as a believer, celebrated on the 7th month of Ethanim (Tishri). Read 1 Cor 15:51-52; Matt 24:31

Yom Kippur 10th day Tishrei

Day of Atonement, Kohen HaGadol (High Priest) enter the kadosh of Holies cleansing of people's sin. The second coming of Moshiach Yeshua. Israel's Repentance, Reward and Re-adjustment .Yielding ourselves to Elohim so we may live pleasing to Elohim. We are to give account how we live for Him. Read Zech 12:10; 13;1; Hebrews 9:28

Sukkot 15th Tishrei Full moon


Feast of Tabernacle, Festival of Ingathering, feast of Booths, entering the Promised land, Great rejoicing in Heaven, The Messianic Era Athid Lavo, A daily rest in the Moshiach and having the rest (menuchah) of His Kingdom be our heart. Reigning in Moshiach's Shekinah. Israel Restored SHABBAT SHALOM. Read Yochanan 1:51 (Shemot 23:16; 34:22; Lev 23:33-36; 39-43 Num 29:12-38; Deut 16:13-15)


אֶתְרֹגIn Hebrew, the citron is transliterately known as the etrog meaning love and attraction in Talmudical Aramic,  The Arabic name for the fruit itranj اترنج  is also cognate with the Hebrew; the itranj is mentioned favorably in the Hadith. It is one of the Four Species used during the holiday of Sukkot each fall. The role of the citron in that holiday was portrayed in the Israeli movie Ushpizin. Citrons that have been bred with lemon (in order to increase output per tree and make the tree less fragile) are not kosher for use as part of the Four Species. An etrog that still has a pitam at its tip (a pitam is composite of a style called in Hebrew "dad", and the stigma which is called shoshanta, usually falling off during the growing process) is considered especially valuable. However, those varieties that shed off their Pitam during growth just like the other citrus species, are also kosher. Even when the stigma break off post harvest, it could still be considered kosher as long as part of the style is remained attached. Etrog has medical healing property. See the video presentation website Estrog

Lulav - The leaves--two-fold and spear-headed--are linked to a solid central stem. Near the pointed tip of the Lulav, the spine splits into two double-leaves called Te-yomes, twins. The points of the Te-yomes should not be split. The backs of the leaves should be light green, the fronts white.

Shabbat is the most important feast of all the biblical feast. It type of Messianic eternal rest

Mikra Kodesh - Calling, Holy convocation, calling that ddraws down the Holiness (Set apartness)

Rosh Hodesh - New Moon, the first day of each month was a day of rest, no work, buying or selling special sacrifice and the blowing of silver trumpet. It is miniture of feast of trumpet. (Bamidbar 28:11-15; Tehillim 81:3)

Shivat yamim (seven days ) mention 8 times

1. One that is foreshadowed by or identified with an earlier symbol or type, such as a figure in the Renewed Covenant who has a counterpart in the Tenakh.

2. An opposite or contrasting type.

ANTITYPE筆關於相反的類型,原型 (Gr. u'ri-rviros),antitype for the Kohen HaGadol (high priest) who made atonement for the sins of the people.



Pesach / Passover Unleaven bread / Matzah Lechem Trial of Yeshua had to go through Cross reference concerning the Feast of Weeks "He is not here, for He has risen, just as He said. Come, see the place where He was lying. Vs 10 best harvest that Kohen wave to Hashem on behalf Benai Yisrael Yeshua  remain on earth 40 days before accended to Heaven The whole congregation of Benai Yisrael murmur against Mosheh